Scientific name:
Sea cucumber, gutted, boiled and dried, sometimes also smoked.

Danish

Trepang

Dutch

Tripang

English

Trepang (Malaysia, Philippines)

Finnish

Merimakkara

French

Trepang (Malaisie, Philippines)

German

Trepang

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian Trepang
Japanese Hoshi-namako
Norwegian
Polish Trepang (strzykwy)
Portuguese Holotúria
Russian Трепанг
Serbo-Croat  
Spanish Trepang
Swedish

Sjögurka, Trepang

Turkish  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Name used in Australia for some members of the family Centrolophidae, Deepsea trevalla is particularly used for Hyperoglyphe antarctica, called Bluenose in New Zeeland.
See also Warehou.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Trevalla

Finnish

 

French

 

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Scientific name: Caranx sexfasciatus

Caribbean Ocean
(Photo: © Johnny Jensen)

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Bigeye trevally

Finnish

 

French

Carangue vorace

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

Carangidi, Leccia stella

Japanese

Gingame-aji

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Caballa, Jurel voráz

Swedish

Storögd trevally

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Balistes carolinensis

Danish

 

Dutch

Trekkervis

English

Grey triggerfish, Triggerfish

Finnish

Säppikala

French

Baliste cabri, Poisson à gâchette

German

Drückerfisch, Schweinedrückerfisch

Greek

Gourounópsaro, Monochiros

Icelandic

 

Italian

Pesce balestra, Pesce palo

Japanese

Mongarakawahagi, Nezumimongara

Norwegian

Avtrekkerfisk

Polish

Rogatnica

Portuguese

Cangulo, Cangulo-cinzento

Russian

Спинороговые

Serbo-Croat

Kostorog, Mihaca

Spanish

Ballesta, Escopeta, Pejepuerco blanco, Pez ballesta, Roncon, Trigger fish

Swedish

Grå tryckarfisk, Tryckarfisk, Filfisk

Turkish

Çütre baligi

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Removal of inedible parts or anything which could spoil the appearance.

Danish

Afpudsning

Dutch

Bijwerken

English

Trimming

Finnish

Kalan trimmausliha

French

Parage

German

Beschneiden, Trimmen

Greek

 

Icelandic

Snyrting

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Renskjæring

Polish

Docinanie fileta

Portuguese

Amanhar

Russian

Гарнир

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

Trimmning, Pustning

Turkish

Ayıklamak

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Lobotes surinamensis

Barra del Colorado, Costa Rica
(Photos: © Johnny Jensen)

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Atlantic tripletail, Tripletail, Triple tail

Finnish

 

French

Croupia roche

German

Dreischwanzbarsch

Greek

Lovopsaro

Icelandic

 

Italian

Pesce foglia

Japanese

Matsudai

Norwegian

 

Polish

Trójchwoscik lobotes

Portuguese

Furriel, Peixe-folha

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Dormilona, Tres colitas

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Trochus niloticus

Danish

 

Dutch

Tolkuren

English

Trochus shell

Finnish

 

French

Troque

German

Kreiselschnecke

Greek

Tróchos óstracon

Icelandic

 

Italian

Trocus

Japanese

Takasegai

Norwegian

 

Polish

Skręp trochus (małż)

Portuguese

Брюхоногий моллюск

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Portion of fish cut perpendicularly to the backbone; should have a thickness of at least the width. Also called 'Darne' (French) which particularlyrefers to portions of Tuna, Sturgeon, Hake and Salmon.
See also Steak and Rouelles.

Danish

 

Dutch

Moot

English

Tronçon (France)

Finnish

 

French

Tronçon

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

Trancia

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

Posta de peixe

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

Tronçan

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Salmo spp.
See also Salmon.
I) The name Trout is also used in connection with Char (Salvelinus spp.) which belong to the same family Salmonidae.

Danish

Ørred

Dutch

Forel

English

Trout

Finnish

Taimen

French

Truite

German

Forelle

Greek

Pestropha

Icelandic

Urriöi

Italian

Trota

Japanese

Masu

Norwegian

Aure, Ørret

Polish

Troc

Portuguese

Truta

Russian

Лососи

Serbo-Croat

Pastrva

Spanish

Trucha

Swedish

Öring

Turkish

Alabalık

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Latris lineata

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Trumpeter

Finnish

 

French

Morue de saint Paul

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Whole small fish, shellfish meat or seaweed cooked in mixture of soya sauce and sugar; usually preceded by the name of the fish, e.g. Noritsukudani (from laver).
Similar products are:
Kakuni (from diced skipjack or tuna meat).
Ameni (from pond smelt, sand lance, etc), cooked in soya sauce with sugar and Ame, a sweet millet jelly; usually preceded by the name of the fish.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Tsukadani (Japan)

Finnish

 

French

Tsukadani (Japon)

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

Tsukadani

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Smoked fish sausage; the encased mixture of tuna meat, salt sugar, starch and spices is smoked for 12 hours before vacuum packaging; commonly packed in cylindrical or square plastic casings.

Danish

 

Dutch

Tonijnworst

English

Tuna ham (Japan)

Finnish

Savutonnikalamakkara

French

Tuna ham (Japon)

German

Tunfischwurst

Greek

Avgó tónnou

Icelandic

 

Italian

Salsicce affumicate di tonno

Japanese

Tsuna hamu

Norwegian

 

Polish

Tuńczykowa szynka

Portuguese

Salsichas de atum

Russian

Мясо тунца

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Salchichas ahumadas de atún

Swedish

Tonfiskskinka

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Fish sausages made from tuna meat; may be cooked and frozen.
See Fish sausage.

Danish

 

Dutch

Tonijnsaucijsjes

English

Tuna links

Finnish

Tonnikalamakkara

French

Saucisses de thon

German

Thunfischwurstchen

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

Salsicce di tonno

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

Kiełbaski tuńczykowe

Portuguese

Salsichas de peixe

Russian

Колбаски из тунца

Serbo-Croat

Kobasica od mesa tunja

Spanish

Salchichas de atún

Swedish

Tonfiskkorv

Turkish

Ton pastırması

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Scombridae
This family includes: Thunnus (or synonymously Germo), Euthynnus, Kishinoella, Parathunnus spp. etc.

Danish

Tunfisk, Tun

Dutch

Tonijn

English

Tuna, Tunny

Finnish

Tonnikala

French

Thon

German

Thun, Thunfisch

Greek

Tónnos

Icelandic

Túnfiskur

Italian

Tonno

Japanese

Maguro-rui

Norwegian

Stjørje

Polish

Tuńczyk

Portuguese

Atum

Russian

Тунцовые

Serbo-Croat

Tunj, Tunji, Tuna

Spanish

Atún

Swedish

Tonfisk

Turkish

Ton balığı

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Delicatessen product prepared from cooked tuna meat, vegetables, mayonnaise and seasoning; see Fish salad.

Danish

 

Dutch

Tonijnsalade

English

Tuna salad

Finnish

Tonnikalasalaatti

French

Salade de thon

German

Thunfisch-Salat

Greek

Tonosalata

Icelandic

Túnfisksalat

Italian

Insalata di tonno

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Stjørjesalat

Polish

Sałatka tuńczykowa

Portuguese

Salada de atum

Russian

Тунцовый салат

Serbo-Croat

Tuni salata

Spanish

Ensalada de atun

Swedish

Tonfisksallad

Turkish

Ton salatası

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Scophthalmus maximus

3.0 Kg - Øresund, Denmark
(Photo: © Johnny Jensen)

Danish

Pighvarre

Dutch

Tarbot

English

Turbot, Breet, Britt, Butt

Finnish

Piikkikampela

French

Turbot

German

Steinbutt, Haandreiß, Steinbutte

Greek

Rómbos-pisci, Kalkáni, Syaki, Kalkani

Icelandic

Sandhverfa

Italian

Rombo chiodato, Rombo

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Piggvar

Polish

Skarp a. turbot, Skarp czarnomorski

Portuguese

Pregado

Russian

Тюрбо, Большой ромб

Serbo-Croat

Plat

Spanish

Rodaballo, Turbot

Swedish

Piggvar

Turkish

Kalkan baligi

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Carangoides fulvoguttatus
See Jack and Pompano.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Yellowspotted trevally, Turrum

Finnish

 

French

Carangue pailletée

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

Hoshi-kaiwari

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Jurel centellante

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Chelonia spp.

Danish

Skildpadde

Dutch

Zeeschildpad

English

Turtle

Finnish

Liemikilpikonna

French

Tortue

German

Seeschildkröte

Greek

Cheloni thalassia

Icelandic

Skjaldbaka

Italian

Tartaruga

Japanese

Kame, Taimai

Norwegian

Skilpadde

Polish

Żółw morski

Portuguese

Tararuga

Russian

Морская черепаха

Serbo-Croat

Kornjača morska, Željva

Spanish

Tortuga

Swedish

Sköldpadda

Turkish

Deniz kaplumbağas

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Brosme brosme

Danish

Brosme, Almindelig brosme

Dutch

Lom

English

Tusk, Brismak, Cusk, Moonfish, Torsk

Finnish

Keila

French

Brosme, Assiette

German

Lumb, Brosme

Greek

 

Icelandic

Keila

Italian

Brosmio

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Brosme

Polish

Brosma

Portuguese

Bolota

Russian

(Обыкновенный) менек

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Brosmio

Swedish

Lubb, Brosme, Lumb

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Dried product made from tonsoy or lapad (Sardinella spp.), brine salted whole, and sun dried.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Tuyo (Philippines)

Finnish

 

French

Tuyo (Philippines)

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Alosa fallax
See also Shad.

0.2 Kg - River Wye, Herefordshire, England/Wales
(Photos: © Johnny Jensen)

Danish

Stavsild, Stamsild

Dutch

Fint

English

Twaite shad, Twait Shad, Gwangen, Killarney shad

Finnish

Täpläsilli

French

Alose feinte, Caluyau, Finte, Gatte, Lacia, Pucelle, Vérot

German

Finte, Bajeckens, Elben

Greek

Fríssa, Sardelomana

Icelandic

Augnasíld

Italian

Cheppia

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Stamsild

Polish

Aloza finta

Portuguese

Savelha, Saboga, Sável, Saveleta

Russian

Финта

Serbo-Croat

Lojka, Cepa

Spanish

Saboga, Alosa, Twaite shad

Swedish

Staksill

Turkish

Tirsi balığı, Dişli tirsi

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Raja undulata
See also Ray and Skate.

Helsinki, Finland
(Photo: © Johnny Jensen)

Danish

Broget Rokke

Dutch

Golfrog

English

Undulate ray, Undulate painted ray

Finnish

Aaltorausku

French

Raie brunette

German

Bänderrochen, Marmorrochen, Scheckenrochen

Greek

Salahi, Kymatovatos, Raïa

Icelandic

 

Italian

Razza ondulata

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

Raja bruzdowana

Portuguese

Raia-curva, Curva, Raia-mosaica, Raia-riscada

Russian

Мозаичный скат

Serbo-Croat

Raza vijopruga

Spanish

Raya mosaica, Raia mosaico, Rajada ondulata, Raya mosaico, Undulate ray

Swedish

Brokrocka

Turkish

Vatoz, Vatoz baligi, Boyalivatoz baligi

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Fermented fish paste, prepared from boiled, dried white meat of cod, kneaded, mixed with soy 'bean paste' (Miso), sugar, Mirin and starch; often sold as canned product.
Also other species used, e.g. sea-bream (Tai-miso), crucian carp (Funa-miso), Gyomiso.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Uo-miso (Japan)

Finnish

 

French

Uo-miso (Japon)

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

Uo-miso

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Coregonus albula
Roe is used for preparing a caviar substitute in Sweden ('Löjrom').
See also Whitefish.

Kotka, Finland
(Photo: © Johnny Jensen)

Danish

Heltling

Dutch

Kleine marene

English

Vendace, European cisco, White fish

Finnish

Muikku

French

Corégone blanc, Petite marène

German

Kleine Maräne, Zwergmaräne

Greek

Korégonos

Icelandic

Lagarsíld

Italian

Coregone bianco

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Lagesild

Polish

Sielawa

Portuguese

Coregono branco, Coregono-bicudo

Russian

Европейская ряпушка, Рипус, Килец

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Coregono blanco

Swedish

Siklöja

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
I) Region of the abdomen in which the muscles divide into lamella separated by fatty inclusions. Only applied to Thunnidae.
II) In Italy 'Ventresca' is also a product: belly strips of tuna cooked in brine and packed with olive oil in barrels or cans.
'Ventresca' designates the products from albacore, and 'Tarantello' from bluefin tuna.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Ventrèche (France)

Finnish

 

French

Ventrèche

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

Ventresca, Tarantello

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

Ventresca

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

Ventreska

Spanish

Ventresca

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Fish preserved in a medium containing vinegar and salt, with or without spices.
Semi-preserve.
See also Acid cured fish, Marinade, Sauerlappen (Germany).

Danish

Syresaltet or marineret fisk

Dutch

In azijn ingelegde vis

English

Vinegar cured fish

Finnish

Marinoitu kala

French

Poisson au vinaigre

German

Marinade

Greek

Marináta

Icelandic

Ediksöltuð sild

Italian

Pesce all'aceto

Japanese

Suzuke

Norwegian

Eddikbehandlet fisk

Polish

Ryba w zalewie octowej

Portuguese

Peixe preparado em vinagre

Russian

Рыба консервированная в уксусе

Serbo-Croat

Obradjena riba octum

Spanish

Pescado en vinagre

Swedish

Marinerad fisk

Turkish

Sirkeye yatırılmiş balık

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Dried food delicacy in C.I.S. and Asia, made from spinal cords of dried sturgeon.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Viziga (C.I.S.)

Finnish

 

French

Viziga (C.E.S.)

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Eleginus navaga
See also cod.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Wachna cod, Arctic cod, Navaga

Finnish

Navaga

French

Morue arctique

German

Navaga, Europäische Nawaga

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

Nawaga europejska

Portuguese

Bacalhau-árctico

Russian

Северная навага

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Bacalao navaga

Swedish

Navagatorsk, Navaga

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Acanthocybium solandri

(Photo: © Johnny Jensen)

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Wahoo

Finnish

Raitamakrilli

French

Thazard-bâtard

German

 

Greek

Akanthoriki

Icelandic

 

Italian

Acantocibio

Japanese

Kamasu-sawara

Norwegian

 

Polish

Solandra

Portuguese

Serra da India, Cavala-da-India, Serra-da-Índia

Russian

Колючая пеламида, Ваху, Пето

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Peto

Swedish

Wahoo

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Dried edible product made from brown seaweeds, e.g. Hoshi wakame (dried Undaria pinatifida) Sarashi wakame (Undaria, dried after soaking in fresh water) or Naruto wakame (Undaria, dried by sprinkling ashes on the surface, then washed and dried again).

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Wakame (Japan)

Finnish

 

French

Wakame (Japon)

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

Wakame

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Stizostedion vitreum
See also Pike-perch.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Walleye, Blue pike, Green pike, Jack salmon, Okow, Walleyed pike, Yellow pickerel, Yellow pike

Finnish

Valkosilmäkuha

French

 

German

Amerikanischer Zander

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

Sandacz amerykanski

Portuguese

Picão-verde

Russian

Светлоперый (желтый) судак

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Obobenus spp.

Danish

Hvalros

Dutch

Walrus

English

Walrus

Finnish

Mursu

French

Morse

German

Walross

Greek

 

Icelandic

Rostungur

Italian

Tricheco

Japanese

Seiuchi

Norwegian

Hvalross

Polish

Mors

Portuguese

Morsa

Russian

Морж

Serbo-Croat

Morž

Spanish

Morsa

Swedish

Valross

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
The name used in New Zeeland for three species of the family Centrolophidae.
Seriolella brama, Seriolella punctata, Seriolella caerulea.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Warehou

Finnish

 

French

 

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Cynoscion spp.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Weakfish

Finnish

Veltto

French

Sciaenidé

German

Adlerfisch

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

Kulbiniec

Portuguese

Corvinata

Russian

Судачьи горбыли, Корвины

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Corbina

Swedish

Havsgös

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Trachinidae
I) Most common species is Greater weever (Trachinus draco); others are Spotted weever (Trachinus araneus), Lesser weever (Echiichthys vipera). Similar to Gurnard.
II) General name for fish in the family Mugilidae, also called Sand perch, which includes the Blue cod of New Zeeland.

Danish

Fjæsing

Dutch

Pieterman

English

Weever

Finnish

Louhikala

French

Vive

German

Petermann, Petermännchen

Greek

Drákena

Icelandic

Fjörsunger

Italian

Tracina

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Fjesing

Polish

Ostrosz, Trachina

Portuguese

Peixe-aranha

Russian

Морские дракончики, Драконовые

Serbo-Croat

Pauk

Spanish

Araña, Escorpión

Swedish

Fjärsing

Turkish

Trakonya, Kumtrakonyas çarpan, Varsam

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Salted fish before drying.

Danish

Fuldvirket saltfisk

Dutch

Gestapelde zoute vis

English

Wet stack

Finnish

Pinottus suolakala

French

 

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

Blautsaltaður fiskur

Italian

Pesce salinato

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Saltfisk i stabel

Polish

 

Portuguese

Peixes salgado

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

Staplad saltfisk

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Obtained from the blubber and other parts including bones of whales and similar marine animals; may be used in naturel state for industrial purposes, but mainly used after hydrogenation and refining for manufacture of edible fats, e.g. margarine.

Danish

Hvalolie

Dutch

Walvisolie

English

Whale oil

Finnish

Valasnöljy

French

Huile de baleine

German

Walöl, Walfett, Waltran

Greek

Phalaenélaion

Icelandic

Hvallýsi

Italian

Olio di balena

Japanese

Geiyu

Norwegian

Hvalolje

Polish

Olej, Tłuszcz wielorybi

Portuguese

Óleo de baleia

Russian

Китовое мясо в масле

Serbo-Croat

Ulje kita

Spanish

Aceite de ballena

Swedish

Valolja

Turkish

Balina yağı

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:

Danish

Hval

Dutch

Walvissen

English

Whales

Finnish

Valaat

French

Baleines

German

Whale

Greek

Phàlaena

Icelandic

Hvalir

Italian

Balena

Japanese

Kujira

Norwegian

Hvaler

Polish

Wale płetwale

Portuguese

Baleias, Cachalotes, Rorquals

Russian

Усатые киты

Serbo-Croat

Kit

Spanish

Ballenas

Swedish

Valar

Turkish

Balinalar

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Buccinum undatum

Danish

Konksnegl, Konk

Dutch

Wulk

English

Whelk, Buckie

Finnish

Torvikotilo

French

Buccin, Bulot

German

Wellhornschnecke

Greek

Bouroú

Icelandic

Beitukóngur

Italian

Buccina

Japanese

Bai

Norwegian

Kongsnegl

Polish

Rozkolec (małż)

Portuguese

Búzio

Russian

Волнистый рожок (моллюск)

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Bocina

Swedish

Valthornssnäcka

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
I) Once the principal name for the Hoki in New Zeeland, but now almost entirely superseded by the latter.
II) Whiptail or Whiptail ray is sometimes used for some species of Stingray.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Whiptail

Finnish

 

French

 

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
I) Young of herring and sprat; mixture of very small fish of these and other species.
II) In North America the term 'Whitebait' refers also to several other species especially to Silverside (Atherinidae).
III) In New Zeeland the name refers to young of several species of Galaxias (Family Galaxiidae), but principally the Inaga Galaxias maculatus.

Danish

 

Dutch

Puf

English

Whitebait

Finnish

 

French

 

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

Seiði

Italian

Bianchetti

Japanese

Shirasu

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Morone chrysops
See also Sea bass.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

White bass, White perch

Finnish

Valkobassi

French

Bar blanc

German

Seebarsch

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

Persico-spigola bianco

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Hvitbass

Polish

Rokiel srebrzysty

Portuguese

Robalo branco

Russian

Белый американский окунь

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

Vitbass

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Lagenorhynchus albirostris
See also Dolphin.

Danish

Hvidnæse

Dutch

Witsnuitdolfijn

English

White-beaked dolphin

Finnish

Valkokuonodelfiini

French

Dauphin à nez blanc

German

Weisschnauziger delphin

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

Delfino muso-bianco

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Kvitnos

Polish

Delfin białonosy

Portuguese

Golfinho de focinho branco

Russian

Белоносый дельфин

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

Vitnos

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Diplodus sargus sargus
Freshwater Europe see Abramis bjoerkna.

Campo de Gibraltar, Andalucía, Spain
(Photo: © Johnny Jensen)

Danish

Sorthale

Dutch

 

English

White seabream, Sargo

Finnish

Isosargi

French

Sar commun

German

Bindenbrasse, Geißbrasse

Greek

Sargós, Sargos

Icelandic

 

Italian

Sarago maggiore, Sarago, Sparo

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

Sargus

Portuguese

Sargo legitimo, Sargo-legítimo-do-Mediterrâneo

Russian

Белый саргус, Полосатый окунь

Serbo-Croat

Crnoprugac, Sarag

Spanish

Sargo, Sarg

Swedish

Vit sparid

Turkish

Tahta baligi, Akkaragöz baligi, Karagoz

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Pennahia argentata
Marketed fresh; used for Kamaboko.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

White croaker

Finnish

 

French

Sciaenidé du Pacifique

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

Shiroguchi

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

Vit havsgös

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Fish in which the main reserves of fat are in the liver (e.g. Gadidae); as distinct from Fatty fish.

Danish

 

Dutch

Magere vis

English

White fish (U.K.)

Finnish

Vähärasvainen kala

French

Poisson maigre

German

Magerfisch (Frischfisch)

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

Pesce magro, Pesce bianco

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Mager fisk, Fettfattig fisk

Polish

Ryba biała (gatunki chude)

Portuguese

Peixe magro

Russian

Белая рыба

Serbo-Croat

Mršava riba, Bijele riba

Spanish

Pescado magro

Swedish

Mager fisk, Vitfisk

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
I) Generally refers to Coregonidae which are also by some authors referred to as Leucichthys.
II) Name also used for Sea trout (Salmo trutta trutta).

Danish

Helt

Dutch

Marene

English

Whitefish

Finnish

Siika

French

Corégone

German

Felchen, Maräne

Greek

Koregonos

Icelandic

 

Italian

Coregone

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Sik

Polish

Sieja, Sielawa

Portuguese

Coregono

Russian

Сиги

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Coregono

Swedish

Sik

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Fish meal made from surplus non-fatty fish or from processing waste from such fish; see Fish meal.

Danish

Fiskemel

Dutch

Meel van magere zeevis

English

White fish meal

Finnish

Kalajauho valmistettu vähhärasvaisesta kalasta

French

Farine de poisson maigre

German

Fischmehl

Greek

Ichthyalevron

Icelandic

Fiskmjöl

Italian

Farina di pesce

Japanese

Howaito miro

Norwegian

Fiskemel

Polish

Mączka rybna z ryby białej (chuda)

Portuguese

Farinha de peixe magro

Russian

Мука из белой рыбы

Serbo-Croat

Riblje brašno iz bijele ribe

Spanish

Harina de pescado

Swedish

Fiskmjöl av mager fisk, Fiskmjöl av vitfisk

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Urophycis tenuis

Danish

Skægbrosmer, Hvid skægbrosme

Dutch

 

English

White hake, Black hake, Boston hake, Hake, Ling, Mud hake

Finnish

 

French

Phycis blanc, Merluche blanche

German

Gabeldorsch

Greek

 

Icelandic

Stóra brosma

Italian

Musdea americana

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

Widlak bostonski

Portuguese

Abrótea branca, Abrótea-branca

Russian

(Морской) белый налим

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Locha, Locha blanca

Swedish

Vit kummel

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Tetrapturus albidus
See also Marlin.

Danish

 

Dutch

Witte marlijn

English

Atlantic white marlin, White marlin

Finnish

Valkomarliini

French

Makaire blanc, Makaire blanc de l'Atlantique

German

Weißer Marlin

Greek

Marlinos Atlantikou

Icelandic

 

Italian

Marlin bianco

Japanese

Nishimaka, Nishimakajiki

Norwegian

Hvit marlin

Polish

Marlin bialy

Portuguese

Espadim-branco-do-Atlântico, Agulha, Espadarte-branco, Espadim-branco, Espadium branco, Espadium pequenho, Espadon branco do Atlantico, Marlim-branco

Russian

Белый марлин, Белый копьеносец

Serbo-Croat

Marlin

Spanish

Aguja de costa, Aguja blanca, Aguja blanca del Alántico, Alfiler, Alton, Cometa, Marlin blanca, Pez aguja

Swedish

Atlantisk vit marlin, Spjutfisk, Vit marlin

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Morone americana
See also Sea bass.

Danish

Bars

Dutch

 

English

White perch, Sea perch, Wreckfish

Finnish

Amerikanbassi

French

Bar blanc d'Amerique, Cernier atlantique, Perche blanche

German

Seebarsch

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

Spigola americana

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Havabbor, Hvit havabbor

Polish

Rokiel srebrzysty

Portuguese

Robalo do norte, Robalo-do-norte

Russian

Белый (американский) лаврак

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

Vitabborre

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Carcharodon carcharias

Danish

Blå haj

Dutch

Mensenhaai, Witte haai

English

Great white shark, White shark, Maneater, Man-eater, Man-eater shark, White pointer

Finnish

Valkohai

French

Grand requin blanc, Mangeur d'hommes

German

Menschenhai, Weißer Hai, Weißhai

Greek

Skylópsaro sbríllios, Smprilios

Icelandic

Hvíthákarl

Italian

Pescecane, Manzo de mar, Squalo bianco

Japanese

Hohojirozame

Norwegian

Hvithai

Polish

Zarlacz ludojad

Portuguese

Tubarão-de-São-Tomé, Tubarao de Sao Tomé

Russian

Акула-людоед, Белая акула, Карха-родон

Serbo-Croat

Pas modrulj

Spanish

Jaquetón, Jaquentón blanco, Marrajo, Tauró blanc

Swedish

Vithaj, Stor vit haj

Turkish

Karkarias, Canavar baligi, Harharias baligi, Karkarias baligi

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
The name White shrimp is used for several Penaeus species.
See also Prawn and Shrimp.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

White shrimp

Finnish

 

French

Crevette Américane

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

Mazzancolla

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

Krewetki białe

Portuguese

Camarão-branco-nortenho

Russian

Белая креветка

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Langostino

Swedish

 

Turkish

Karides türü

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Lagenorhynchus acutus
See also Dolphin.

Danish

Hvideside, Hvidskæving

Dutch

Witflankdolfijin

English

White-sided dolphin

Finnish

Valkokuvedelfiini

French

Dauphin à flancs blancs

German

Weisseiten-Delphin

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

Delfino fianchi-bianchi

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Kvitskjeving

Polish

Delfin białoboki

Portuguese

Golfinho-branco-do-Atlântico

Russian

Белобокий дельфин

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

Vitsiding

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Rostroraja alba
See also Ray and Skate.

Danish

 

Dutch

Witte rog

English

Bottlenosed skate, Bordered skate, Bottlenose, Burton skate, Owl skate, White bordered skate, White bottle-nose skate, White skate, White-bellied skate

Finnish

Pullonokkarausku

French

Raie blanche, Blanquette, Fumat nègre, Mirayet, Petite raie-museau, Raie blanche à zone brune, Raie blanche bordée

German

Spitzrochen, Bandrochen, Gerändeter Rochen, Gesäumter Glattrochen, Randrochen

Greek

Lefkovatos, Salahi

Icelandic

 

Italian

Razza bianca

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

Raja siwa

Portuguese

Raia-teiroga, Raia-branca, Raia-tairoga, Tairoga

Russian

Остроносый (белый) скат

Serbo-Croat

Raza bjelica

Spanish

Raya blanca, Cavach, Clavel, Ilisó, Rajada blanca, Raya bramante, Rayón

Swedish

Grårocka, Spetsnosad rocka

Turkish

Akvatoz baligi, Vatoz

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Name used for Megrim (Lepidorhombus whiffiagonis) and Witch (Glyptocephalus cyboglossus): both belong to the family Pleuronectidae (see Flounder).

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

White sole

Finnish

 

French

 

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Lithognathus lithognathus

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

White steenbras

Finnish

 

French

Marbré du Cap

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

Mormora africana

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

Morlesz przyladkowy

Portuguese

Ferreira branca, Ferreira-branca

Russian

Морморы, Землерои

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Herrera del Cabo, Erla

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Rhabdosargus globiceps

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

White stumpnose

Finnish

 

French

Sar austral

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

Sargo-austral, Sargo do Atlântico sudeste

Russian

Белый тупорыл

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Sargo austral, Pargo ñato

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Carcharhinus longimanus

Danish

 

Dutch

Oceanische witpunthaai

English

Oceanic whitetip shark, Whitetip shark, Brown Milbert's sand bar shark, Brown shark, White-tip shark

Finnish

Valkopilkkahai

French

Requin océanique, Rameur, Requin blanc

German

Hochsee-Weißspitzenhai, Weißspitzenhai

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

Squalo alalunga

Japanese

Yogore

Norwegian

 

Polish

Zarlacz bialopletwy

Portuguese

Tubarão-de-pontas-brancas

Russian

Длиннокрылая (серая, белоперая) акула

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Tiburón oceánico, Cazón, Tiburón pardo

Swedish

 

Turkish

Köpek baligi

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Dried salted split cod that had the black lining removed from the belly walls of the split fish.
See also Wing.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

White wings

Finnish

 

French

 

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Merlangius merlangus
The name is also used to designate Silver hake (Merluccius bilinearis) belonging to the same family of Gadidae.
See also Blue Whiting.

Øresund Aquarium, Denmark
(Photo: © Johnny Jensen)

Danish

Slinger

Dutch

Wijting

English

Whiting

Finnish

Valkoturska

French

Merlan, Lécaud, Merlu, Nasellu, Varlet

German

Wittling, Merlan

Greek

Bakaliaros, Bacaliaros, Taouki, Taoúki

Icelandic

Lýsa

Italian

Merlano, Molo, Nasello atlantico

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Hvitting

Polish

Witlinek, Witlinek czarnomorski

Portuguese

Badejo, Badeho, Badejo-do-Mar-Negro

Russian

Мерланг

Serbo-Croat

Ugotica, Pismolj, Ugoti velika

Spanish

Merlán, Liba, Merlà, Plegonero, Whiting

Swedish

Vitling

Turkish

Bakalyaro, Bakalyaro baligi, Mezgit

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
I) Fish as captured, ungutted. Also called Round fish (U.S.A.) and Green fish (New Zeeland).
II) In U.K. the term is Gutted fish as distinct from fillets, particularly in freezing.

Danish

Hel fisk, Urenset fisk

Dutch

Ongestripte vis, Dichte vis

English

Whole fish

Finnish

Pyöreä kala

French

Poisson entier

German

Ganzer Fisch

Greek

 

Icelandic

Óslægður fiskur

Italian

Pesce intero non trattato

Japanese

Zengyotai, Maru, Hôru

Norwegian

Rund fisk

Polish

Ryba w stanie pełnym (nie patroszona)

Portuguese

Peixe inteiro

Russian

Целая рыба (непотрошенная)

Serbo-Croat

Cijela riba

Spanish

Pescado entero

Swedish

Hel fisk

Turkish

Bütün balık

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Press cake mixed with Condensed fish solubles and dried along with it to give a Whole meal or Full meal.
See also Fish meal.

Danish

Helmel

Dutch

Vol vismeel

English

Whole meal, Full meal

Finnish

Pyöreästä kalasta vaimistettu kalajauho

French

Farine entière ou complète

German

Vollmehl

Greek

Ichthyaleoron

Icelandic

Kjarnamjöl

Italian

Farina di pesce

Japanese

Gyo-Fun

Norwegian

Helmel

Polish

Pełna mączka

Portuguese

Farinha de peixe completa

Russian

Непросеянная мука

Serbo-Croat

Potpuno riblje brašno

Spanish

Harina de pescado

Swedish

Helmjöl

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Fish dried naturally in wind, e.g. Stockfish.
See also Dried fish.

Danish

Lufttørret fisk

Dutch

Windgedroogde vis

English

Wind dried fish

Finnish

Ilmakuivattu kala, Ahava kala

French

Poisson séché au vent

German

Luftgetrockneter Fisch

Greek

Liokafto

Icelandic

Harðfiskur, Skreið

Italian

Pesce seccato all'aperto

Japanese

Fû-kun gyo

Norwegian

Vindtørket fisk

Polish

Ryba suszona na powietrzu

Portuguese

Peixe seco ao ar

Russian

Провяленная рыба

Serbo-Croat

Riba sušena na zraku

Spanish

Pescado secado a pleno aire

Swedish

Lufttorkad fisk

Turkish

Rüzgarda kurutulmuş balık

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Part of the body of some muscled flat fish, e.g. the edible part of skates; in France also refers to the belly walls of salted cod.
See also White wings.

Danish

Vinger

Dutch

Vleugel

English

Wing

Finnish

Siipi, Rauskun osa

French

Aile

German

Flügel

Greek

Peterigia

Icelandic

Börð, Þunnildi

Italian

Ala

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Vinge (rokkevinge)

Polish

Płaty rybne np. rai

Portuguese

Asa

Russian

Плавники

Serbo-Croat

Krilo ribe

Spanish

 

Swedish

Vingar (ex. rockavingar)

Turkish

Kanat

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Littorinidae

Danish

Strandsnegl

Dutch

Alikruik, Kreukel

English

Winkle

Finnish

Rantakotilo, Litorinakotilo

French

Bigorneau

German

Strandschnecke

Greek

 

Icelandic

Doppa, Fjörudoppa

Italian

Chiocciola di mare

Japanese

Tamakibi

Norwegian

Strandsnegl

Polish

Pobrzeżki, Sercówki (małże)

Portuguese

Borrelho, Burrié

Russian

Береговички, Литторины

Serbo-Croat

Puzić morski

Spanish

Bígaro

Swedish

Strandsnäcka

Turkish

Deniz salyangozu

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Pseudopleuronectes americanus
See Flounder.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Winter flounder

Finnish

Mustaselkäkampela

French

Limande plie rouge

German

Winterflunder

Greek

Chomatída

Icelandic

Þykkvalúra

Italian

Sogliola limanda

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Vinterflyndre

Polish

Stornia amerykanska

Portuguese

Solha-de-inverno, Solha de inverno

Russian

Зимняя (американская) камбала

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Mendo limon

Swedish

Vinterflundra

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Leucoraja ocellata
See also Ray and Skate.

Danish

 

Dutch

Spiegelrog, Winterrog

English

Winter skate, Winter big skate

Finnish

Täplärausku

French

Raie tachetée

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

Razza occhiata

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

Raja ostronosa

Portuguese

Raia-inverneira

Russian

Боьшой (зимний) скат

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Glyptocephalus cynoglossus
Belonging to the family Pleuronectidae (see Flounder).

Danish

Skærising

Dutch

Witje, Hondstong

English

Witch, Witch flounder, Craig fluke, Gray sole

Finnish

Mustaeväkampela

French

Plie cynoglosse

German

Rotzunge, Hundszunge, Zungenbutt

Greek

 

Icelandic

Langlúra

Italian

Passera lingua di cane

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Mareflyndre, Smørflyndre

Polish

Szkarlacica

Portuguese

Solhão, Solhao

Russian

Длинная (красная) камбала

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Mendo falsó lenguado, Gallo inglés, Mendo, Whitch

Swedish

Rödtunga

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Name mainly employed in North America for Marine catfish (Anarhichas spp.).

Danish

Havkat

Dutch

Zeewolf

English

Wolffish

Finnish

Merikissa

French

 

German

Katfisch, Wasserkatze

Greek

 

Icelandic

Steinbítur

Italian

Bavosa lupa

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Steinbit

Polish

Zębacz

Portuguese

Peixe-lobo

Russian

Зубатки

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Lobo

Swedish

Havskatt fiskar

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Labridae

Danish

 

Dutch

Lipvis

English

Wrasse

Finnish

Huulikala

French

Labre

German

Lippfisch

Greek

Chilóu

Icelandic

 

Italian

Labridi

Japanese

Bera

Norwegian

Leppefisker

Polish

 

Portuguese

Bodião

Russian

Губановые

Serbo-Croat

Vrana

Spanish

 

Swedish

Läppfiskar, Gyltor

Turkish

Lâpin

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Polyprion spp.

Danish

Vragfisk

Dutch

Wrakbaars

English

Wreckfish

Finnish

Hylkyahven

French

Cernier Atlantique

German

Wrackbarsch

Greek

Vláchos

Icelandic

Rekaldsfiskur

Italian

Cernia di fondale

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Vrakfisk

Polish

Wrakoń

Portuguese

Cherne

Russian

Полиприоны

Serbo-Croat

Kirnja glavuija

Spanish

Cherna

Swedish

Vrakfisk, Vrakabborre

Turkish

Iskorpit hanisi

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Products dried after boiling or toasting; fish such as porgy, sardine, anchovy, goby, pound, smelt are processed as round, usually gutted and skewered with bamboo pins; in the case of conger eel, shark etc., split fish or meat slices are also used; Yakiboshi is usually subjoined by the name of fish, e.g. Yakiboshi-ayu (from ayu sweetfish), Yakiboshi-iwashi (from sardine or anchovy), Yakiboshi-haze (from goby) etc.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Yakiboshi (Japan)

Finnish

 

French

Yakiboshi (Japon)

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

Yakiboshi

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Small herring.
Also called sild.

Danish

 

Dutch

Toter

English

Yawling

Finnish

Pikkusilli

French

 

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

Smásíld

Italian

 

Japanese

Konishin

Norwegian

Småsild

Polish

Mały śledź

Portuguese

Arenque pequeno

Russian

Малая сельдь

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Arenque pequeño

Swedish

Småsill, Småströmming

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Rhombosolea leporina

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Yellowbelly flounder

Finnish

 

French

 

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

Karei

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Larimichthys polyactis

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Yellow croaker

Finnish

 

French

Courbine jaune

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

Kiguchi

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

Roncadeira-da-Manchúria, Roncadeira-amarela-menor

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Verrugato de Manchuria

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Aldrichetta forsteri
Often called Herring or sprat in New Zeeland.
See Mullet.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Yellow-eye mullet

Finnish

 

French

 

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

Aldrychetta

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

Gulögd mullet

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Thunnus albacares

Coiba Island, Panama
(Photo: © Johnny Jensen)

Danish

Gulfinnet tunfisk

Dutch

Geelvintonijn

English

Yellowfin tuna, Allison's tuna, Autumn albacore, Pacific long-tailed tuna, Yellow-fin tunny

Finnish

Keltaevätonnikala

French

Albacore, Thon à nageoires jaunes

German

Gelbflossenthun, Gelbflossen-Thunfisch

Greek

Tonnos macrypteros, Tonnos macropteros

Icelandic

 

Italian

Tonno albacora

Japanese

Kihada

Norwegian

Albacore, Albakor

Polish

Tunczyk zóltopletwy a. albakora, Albakora

Portuguese

Atum albacora, Albacora, Atum rabil, Atum-albacora, Peixinho da ilho

Russian

Желтоперый (желтохвостый) тунец

Serbo-Croat

Zutorepi tunj, Tuna zutoperka

Spanish

Rabil

Swedish

Gulfenad tonfisk, Albacora

Turkish

Sarikanatorkinoz baligi, Sarikanatton baligi

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Any white fish, split or filleted, cold smoked.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Yellow fish (U.K.)

Finnish

 

French

 

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Chelidonichthys lucerna
See Gurnard.

Denmark Aquarium, Denmark
(Photo: © Johnny Jensen)

Danish

Rød knurhane

Dutch

Rode poon

English

Tub gurnard, Yellow gurnard, Sapphirine gurnard, Tubfish

Finnish

Isokurnusimppu

French

Grondin perlon

German

Roter Knurrhahn, Seeschwalbe

Greek

Selachi, Chelidonas

Icelandic

 

Italian

Capone gallinella

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Rødknurr, Rødknurre

Polish

Kurek czerwony

Portuguese

Cabra-cabaço

Russian

Желтый морской петух, Желтая тригла

Serbo-Croat

Lastavica balavica, Kokot balavica

Spanish

Bejel, Alfondiga, Lluerna rossa, Perlón, Tub gurnard

Swedish

Fenknot

Turkish

Kirlangiç baligi

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Perca flavescens
See Perch.

Vancouver Aquarium, Canada
(Photo: © Johnny Jensen)

Danish

 

Dutch

Amerikaanse gele baars

English

Yellow perch

Finnish

Kelta-ahven

French

Perche canadienne

German

Amerikanischer Flußbarsch

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

Persico dorato

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Amerikansk abbor

Polish

Okon zólty

Portuguese

Perca-americana, Perca

Russian

Желтый (американский) окунь

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

Gulabborre, Amerikansk abborre

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Dentex tumifrons

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Yellow seabream, Yellowback seabream

Finnish

 

French

 

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

Kidai, Renko, Renkodai

Norwegian

 

Polish

Tajus

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Buglossidium luteum

Danish

Glastunge

Dutch

Dwergtong

English

Solenette, Yellow sole

Finnish

Pikkukielikampela

French

Petite sole jaune, Sole jaune

German

Zwergzunge, Seezunge

Greek

Kitrinoglosa

Icelandic

Dvergsóflúra

Italian

Peloso

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Glasstunge

Polish

Soletka

Portuguese

Língua-de-gato

Russian

Малый морской язык, Желтая солея

Serbo-Croat

List piknjavac

Spanish

Tambor, Acevia, Lenguado amarillo, Palaí xic, Solenette, Tambor sudafricano

Swedish

Småtunga

Turkish

Akdil baligi

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Limanda ferruginea

Danish

Ising

Dutch

 

English

Yellowtail flounder, Mud dab, Rusty dab, Sandy dab, Yellowtail

Finnish

Ruostekampela

French

Limande à queue jaune

German

 

Greek

Chomatída

Icelandic

 

Italian

Limanda

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Sandflyndre

Polish

Zólcica

Portuguese

Solha dos mares do norte, Solha-dos-mares-do-norte

Russian

Желтохвостая камбала, Желтохвостая лиманда

Serbo-Croat

Iverak

Spanish

Platija amarilla

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Seriola lalandi

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Yellowtail amberjack, California yellowtail, Yellowtail kingfish

Finnish

Keltapyrstöpiikki

French

Sériole chicard, Sériole chinchard

German

Bernsteinfisch, Gelbschwanz, Gelbschwanzmakrele

Greek

Maglatiko

Icelandic

 

Italian

Ricciola australiana, Ricciola

Japanese

Hiramasa, Inada

Norwegian

 

Polish

Seriola lalanda

Portuguese

Charuteiro-azeite

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

Gofi, Orhani

Spanish

Medregal australíano, Medregal rabo amarillo, Serviola

Swedish

 

Turkish

Sari kuyruk

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Seriola spp.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Yellowtail

Finnish

Piikkimakrilli

French

Sériole

German

Gelbschwanz, Bernsteinfisch

Greek

Magiatiko

Icelandic

 

Italian

Ricciola

Japanese

Buri, Warasa, Inada

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

Charuteiro

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

Orhani, Gofi

Spanish

Serviola

Swedish

 

Turkish

Sarı kuyruk

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Seriola dumerili

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Greater amberjack

Finnish

Isopiikkimakrilli

French

Sériole couronnée

German

 

Greek

Manali, Manali magiatiko, Mayatiko

Icelandic

 

Italian

Ricciola, Seriola

Japanese

Kanpachi

Norwegian

Seriola

Polish

Seriola olbrzymia

Portuguese

Charuteiro-catarino

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

Orhan

Spanish

Círvia, Pez de limón, Pez limon, Seriola, Serviola, Yellow tail

Swedish

Seriola

Turkish

Avci baligi, Sarikiyruk baligi, Sarikuyruk baligi

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Vimba vimba

Kotka, Finland
(Photo: © Johnny Jensen)

Danish

Vimme

Dutch

Blauwneus

English

Baltic vimba, Zanthe

Finnish

Vimpa

French

Vimbe

German

Zährte, Nase, Nesen

Greek

Gadína mavromáta

Icelandic

Strandslabbi

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

Certa

Portuguese

 

Russian

Рыбец

Serbo-Croat

Plavonos buborak

Spanish

 

Swedish

Vimma

Turkish

Kara balik, Egrez baligi

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Helicolenus dactylopterus dactylopterus

Danish

Blåkæft

Dutch

Blauwkeeltje

English

Blackbelly rosefish, Bluemouth rockfish, Rockfish

Finnish

Sinisuusimppu

French

Rascasse du fond, Rascasse du nord, Sébaste chèvre

German

Blaumaul

Greek

Lipsos

Icelandic

Svartgóma

Italian

Scorfano di fondale

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Blåkjeft

Polish

Sebdak przyladkowy, Sebdak

Portuguese

Cantarilho-legítimo

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Cabra de altura, Blue-mouth redfish, Cabra, Gallineta, Penegal, Pollico, Pollo, Rascasio rubio

Swedish

Blåkäft

Turkish

Iskorpit baligi

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Abramis bjoerkna
Atlantic/Mediterranean see Diplodus sargus sargus.

Kotka, Finland
(Photo: © Johnny Jensen)

Danish

Flire

Dutch

Kolblei, Blei

English

White bream, Silver bream

Finnish

Pasuri

French

Blike, Brème bordelière, Brémette, Hazelin, Petite brème

German

Güster, Blicke, Halbbrachsen, Hebber, Pliete

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Flire, Flisebrasme

Polish

Krap

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

Çapak, Krupatica

Spanish

Brema blanca

Swedish

Björkna

Turkish

Tahta baligi, Abdalca

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Genyonemus lineatus

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

White croaker, King croaker, Kingfish, Roncador, Tomcod

Finnish

 

French

Courbine blanche, Maigre argenté

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

Shiroguchi

Norwegian

 

Polish

Kulbiniec kalifornijski

Portuguese

Rabeta-branca

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Roncador blanco

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Coregonus hoyi

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Bloater

Finnish

 

French

 

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Coregonus pollan

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Irish pollan, Pollan

Finnish

 

French

 

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

Coregono-das-ilhas

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Aspius aspius

Kotka, Finland
(Photos: © Johnny Jensen)

Danish

Asp

Dutch

 

English

Asp

Finnish

Toutain

French

Aspe

German

Kaspischer Rapfen, Rapen, Rapfen, Schied

Greek

Asprogrivado

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Asp

Polish

Bolen

Portuguese

Áspio

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

Bolen

Spanish

Aspio

Swedish

Asp

Turkish

Kocaagiz baligi

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Coregonus pallasii

Sweden
(Photos: © Johnny Jensen)

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

 

Finnish

 

French

 

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

Aspsik

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Cottus poecilopus

Danish

Finnestribet ferskvandsulk

Dutch

 

English

Alpine bullhead

Finnish

Kirjoeväsimppu

French

 

German

Buntflossenkoppe, Sibirische Groppe

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Regnbueørret, Regnbueaure, Steinsmett, Steinulke

Polish

Glowacz pregopletwy

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

Bergsimpa

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Pomatoschistus pictus

Danish

Spættet kutling

Dutch

Kleurige grondel

English

Painted goby

Finnish

 

French

 

German

Fleckengrundel, De-Buens-Grundel

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Bergkutling

Polish

Babka pisana

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Gobio de manchas, Painted goby

Swedish

Bergstubb

Turkish

Beneklihurmakayasi baligi

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Labrus mixtus

              Male                         Female
Denmark Aquarium, Denmark
(Photos: © Johnny Jensen)

Danish

Blåstak, Rodnæb

Dutch

 

English

Cuckoo wrasse

Finnish

Sinihuulikala

French

Vieille coquette

German

Kuckuckslippfisch

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

Tordo fischietto

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Blåstål, Rødnebb

Polish

Wargacz teczak

Portuguese

Bodião-canário

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Gallano

Swedish

Blågylta, Blåstråle, Rödnäbba

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Etmopterus spinax

Danish

Sorthaj

Dutch

Donkerbuiklantaarnhaai

English

Velvet belly lantern shark, Velvet belly

Finnish

Pikkuhai

French

Sagre commun, Épineux de fond

German

Samtbauchhai, Schwarzer Dornhai

Greek

Marcoagathitis, Mavroagathitis

Icelandic

Litli loðháfur

Italian

Pesce diavolo, Sagri nero

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Blåmage, Svarthå

Polish

Kolczak a. kolczak czarny

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

Kosljivac, Pas kostelj crnac

Spanish

Negrito, Velvet belly

Swedish

Blåkäxa

Turkish

Mahmuzluköpek baligi

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Coregonus megalops

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Lacustrine fluvial whitefish

Finnish

 

French

 

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

Blåsik

Turkish