Scientific name:
Fish that have recently finished spawning (sometimes called Shot fish; see also Kelt). The sexual organs are completely empty, often flaccid and blood-shot. Such fish have depleted fat reserves and their flesh may have a high water content. In some groups, notably the Pacific salmon (Oncorhynchus spp.), the physiological changes are so profound that all the fish die after spawning.
See also Ripe fish and Spawning fish, Kelt.

Danish

Har gydt

Dutch

Ijle vis

English

Spent fish

Finnish

Kutenut kala

French

Gual

German

Ausgelaichter Fisch, Yhle

Greek

Teliosan rinotokia

Icelandic

Hrygndur (fiskur), Gotinn

Italian Di ritorno
Japanese Sanran-go-no-sakana
Norwegian Utgytt
Polish Ryba wytarta (po tarle)
Portuguese Desovado
Russian Истощенная рыба
Serbo-Croat Izmriješćena riba
Spanish Que ha realizado la puesta
Swedish

Utlekt fisk

Turkish Sağılmış balık

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Obtained from the Sperm whale, particularly the head; spermaceti, a solid, may be separated from crude sperm oil, the remaining liquid portion (which may still contain some spermaceti) being refined sperm oil; this is used mainly as a lubricant; see Whales.

Danish

Spermacetolie

Dutch

Potvisolie, Spermolie

English

Sperm oil

Finnish

Kaskelottiöljy

French

Huile de cachalot

German

Spermöl

Greek

 

Icelandic

Búrhvaslýsi

Italian

Spermaceti

Japanese

Makkô geiyu

Norwegian

Spermolje

Polish

Spermacet

Portuguese

Òleo de cachalote

Russian

Спермацет

Serbo-Croat

Ulje ulješure

Spanish

Esperma de ballena

Swedish

Spermacetiolja

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Physeter macrocephalus
This whale is the source of Ambergris, Spermaceti and Sperm oil; teeth are a source of Ivory.
See also Whales.

Danish

Kaskelot

Dutch

Potvis

English

Sperm whale

Finnish

Kaskelotti

French

Cachalot

German

Pottwal

Greek

 

Icelandic

Búrhvalur

Italian

Capodoglio

Japanese

Makkôkujira

Norwegian

Spermhval

Polish

Kaszalot

Portuguese

Cachalote

Russian

Кашалот

Serbo-Croat

Ulješura, Ulješura glavata

Spanish

Cachalote

Swedish

Kaskelottval, Pottval, Spermacetival

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Fish cured with salt to which a mixture of spices, and often sugar, is added; particularly herring and sprats.
Also used as raw material for manufacture of Anchosen, or Gaffelbidder.
Semi-preserve.
See also Spiced herring.

Danish

Krydret fisk

Dutch

Gekruide vis

English

Spiced cured fish

Finnish

Maustesuolattu silli

French

 

German

Kräuterfisch

Greek

 

Icelandic

Kryddsaltaður fiskur

Italian

Pesce in salamoia e spezie

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Kryddersaltet fisk

Polish

Ryba korzennie solona

Portuguese

Peixe tratado com especiarias

Russian

Рыба пряного посола

Serbo-Croat

Obraljena riba uz dodatak mirodija, Posoijena riba sa mirodijama

Spanish

 

Swedish

Kryddsaltad fisk

Turkish

Baharatia olgunlaşmiş balık

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Herring cured with salt to which a mixture of spices and often sugar is added; various types known under individual names as e.g. Gewüzhering or Kräterhering (Germany), Kryddersild (Scandinavia); terms might also refer to spice-cured herring for further processing, e.g. into Anchosen, or Gaffelbidder.

Danish

Kryddersild

Dutch

Gekruide haring

English

Spiced herring

Finnish

Maustesilli

French

Hareng épicé

German

Kräuterhering, Gewürzhering

Greek

 

Icelandic

Kryddsíld

Italian

Aringa de scandinavia alle spezie

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Kryddersild

Polish

 

Portuguese

Arenque com especiarias

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Arenque en salmuera con especias

Swedish

Kryddsill

Turkish

Baharatlı ringa

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Dried fish, prepared from ling, headed, and most parts of the backbone removed; the ling is stretched by means of splints before it is hung for drying. Swedish speciality.

Danish

 

Dutch

Gedroogde leng

English

Spillånga (Sweden)

Finnish

Kuivattu molva

French

Spillånga (Suède)

German

Getrockneter Lengfisch

Greek

 

Icelandic

Spýttlanga

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Spillange

Polish

 

Portuguese

Lingue escalado seco

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

Spillånga

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Maja squinado
See also Crab.

Danish

Troldkrabbe

Dutch

Spinkrab

English

Spious spider crab, Spider crab, Spinycrab

Finnish

Hämähäkkirapu

French

Araignée de mer

German

Seespinne

Greek

Kavouromána

Icelandic

 

Italian

Grancevola

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

Krab pająkowaty

Portuguese

Santola

Russian

Краб-паук

Serbo-Croat

Rakovica

Spanish

Centolla

Swedish

Spindelkrabba

Turkish

Ayna

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Cardium aculeatum

Danish

Hjertemusling

Dutch

Gedoornde hartschelp

English

Spiny cockle

Finnish

Piikkisydänsimpukka

French

Sourdon

German

Stachlige Herzmuschel

Greek

Kardión, Methýstra

Icelandic

 

Italian

Cuore spinoso

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Hjerteskjell

Polish

Sercówka kolczasta

Portuguese

Berbigão

Russian

Сердцевидка шипастая

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Berberecho espinoso

Swedish

Tagghjärtmussla

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Name generally given to the Dogfish (Squalus acanthias), but also applied to some other members of the family Squalidae.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Spiny dogfish

Finnish

 

French

 

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
The name Spiny lobster is synonymously used for Crawfish; in international statistics it refers particularly to Palinurus and Panulirus spp.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Spiny lobster

Finnish

 

French

Langouste

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Solegnathus spinosissimus

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Spiny Pipehorse, Spiny seadragon, Spiny piperfish

Finnish

 

French

 

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

Simitsukiyoujiuo

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Echinorhinus brucus

Danish

Sømhaj

Dutch

Braamhaai

English

Bramble shark, Spinous shark, Spiny shark

Finnish

Okahai

French

Squale bouclé, Chenille

German

Stachelhai, Alligatorhai, Nagelhai

Greek

Kavouromana, Achinoskylopsaro, Karcharias

Icelandic

 

Italian

Ronco

Japanese

Kikuzame

Norwegian

 

Polish

Rekin kolczasty

Portuguese

Tubarão-prego, Peixe-prego, Prego, Tubarâo-prego

Russian

Акула-крокодил, Звеадчатошипол, Акула-аллигатор

Serbo-Croat

Pas zvjezdas

Spanish

Pex tachuela, Pez clavo, Pez tachuela, Rubioca, Tiburón de clavos

Swedish

Tagghaj, Törnetaggad haj

Turkish

Civili köpek baligi, Çiviliköpek baligi

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Bathyraja spinicauda
See also Skate.

Danish

 

Dutch

Groenlandse rog

English

Spinytail skate, Spinetail ray, Spiny-tailed skate

Finnish

 

French

Raie à queue épineuse

German

Grönlandrochen

Greek

 

Icelandic

Maríuskata

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Gråskate

Polish

Raja grenlandzka

Portuguese

Raia-da-Gronelândia

Russian

Шипохвостый скат

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Raya ferreiro

Swedish

Taggsvansrocka, Grårocka

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Herring heads on, split down the back, with gills and guts removed, lightly brined and packed in salt, in barrels for about a week, then repacked in 100º brine.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Split cure herring (Newfoundland)

Finnish

 

French

 

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Fish cut open from throat to vent or tail; or from nape to tail; gills, guts and roe removed; head may sometimes be removed; the backbone may be left in (e.g. for Finnan haddock) or removed except for an inch or two at the tail for strength (e.g. for Dried salted cod, see Klipfish).

Danish

Flækket fisk

Dutch

Gevlekte vis

English

Split fish

Finnish

Kidukseton suolistettu

French

Poisson tranché

German

Aufgeschnittener Fisch

Greek

Petáli

Icelandic

Flattur fiskur

Italian

Pesce sventrato

Japanese

Hiraki

Norwegian

Flekket fisk

Polish

Ryba rozpłatana

Portuguese

Peixe aberto

Russian

Распластанная рыба

Serbo-Croat

Rasplaćena riba

Spanish

Pescado abierto

Swedish

Fläkt fisk

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Pogonichthys macrolepidotus
See Carp.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Splittail, Sacramento Splittail

Finnish

 

French

 

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Spongia spp. Euspongia spp. Hipposponga spp.
Commercial sponges are prepared from one group of these marine animals (Demospongia spp.) by killing and then washing and macerating to remove the skin and fleshy material, leaving the clean skeleton or the silk-like protein, Spongin, to be dried and sometimes bleached or dyed.

Danish

Svamp

Dutch

Sponzen

English

Sponge

Finnish

Sienieläin, Pesusieni

French

Éponge

German

Schwamm

Greek

Spóngos

Icelandic

Svampur

Italian

Spugna

Japanese

Kaimen

Norwegian

Svamp

Polish

Gąbka morska

Portuguese

Esponja

Russian

Морская губка

Serbo-Croat

Spuzvo

Spanish

Esponja

Swedish

Svamp

Turkish

Sünger

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Leiostomus xanthurus
See Croaker or Drum.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Spot, Spot croaker

Finnish

 

French

Tambour croca

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

Spot

Portuguese

Roncadeira-pinta

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Verrugato croca

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Pterygotrigla picta

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Spotted gurnard, Searobin

Finnish

 

French

 

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

Sokohoubou

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Raja montagui
See also Ray and Skate.

Helsinki, Finland
(Photo: © Johnny Jensen)

Danish

Storplettet rokke

Dutch

Gevlekte rog, Keilrog

English

Spotted ray, Homelyn ray, Spotted homelyn ray, Starry ray

Finnish

Tähtirausku

French

Raie douce, Raie étoilée

German

Fleckrochen, Fleckenrochen, Gefleckter Rochen, Mittelmeer Sternrochen

Greek

Salahi, Kilidovatos

Icelandic

Tindabikkja, Tindaskata

Italian

Razza stellata

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Flekkskate

Polish

Raja gwiazdzista

Portuguese

Raia-manchada, Raia-pintada

Russian

Скат

Serbo-Croat

Razica blije dopjega

Spanish

Raya pintada, Raia pintada, Rajada dolça, Raya estrellada, Raya radiada, Spotted ray

Swedish

Fläckrocka

Turkish

Vatoz

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Anarhichas minor
See Catfish.

12.6 Kg - Maniitsoq (Sukkertoppen), Greenland
(Photos: © Johnny Jensen)

Danish

Plettet havkat

Dutch

Gevlekte zeewolf

English

Spotted wolffish, Spotted sea cat, Spotted sea catfish

Finnish

Kirjomerikissa

French

Loup tacheté

German

Gefleckter Katfisch, Gefleckter Seewolf

Greek

 

Icelandic

Hlýri

Italian

Bavosa lupa

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Flekksteinbit

Polish

Zebacz pstry

Portuguese

Peixe-lobo malhado

Russian

Пятнистая зубатка

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Perro chico

Swedish

Fläckig havskatt

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Cod 63 cm or more in length but less than 76 cm.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Spragg (U.K.)

Finnish

 

French

 

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

Stútungur

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Sprattus sprattus

Denmark
(Photo: © Johnny Jensen)

Danish

Sprotte, Sprott

Dutch

Sprot

English

European sprat, Sprat, Brisling, Garvie, Garvock, Whitebait

Finnish

Kilohaili

French

Sprat, Amelette, Esprot, Harenguet, Mélette phalérique, Menuise, Oeillet

German

Sprotte, Breitling, Brisling, Sprott

Greek

Papalina, Sardella

Icelandic

Brislingur

Italian

Papalina, Palaziola, Sardela, Sardelina

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Brisling

Polish

Szprot, Szprot baltycki, Szprot sródziemnomorski

Portuguese

Espadilha, Lavadilha

Russian

Европейская балтийская.килька, Шпрот

Serbo-Croat

Papalina

Spanish

Espadin, Alatxa, Amploia, Amploya, Collaca, Espadín, Lacha, Sardina, Sprat, Trancho

Swedish

Europeisk skarpsill, Skarpsill, Vassbuk

Turkish

Çaça baligi, Çaça-platika, Palatika, Papalina baligi, Platika baligi

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Galathea spp. Mundia spp.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Squat lobster

Finnish

 

French

Galatées

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Ptychocheilus spp.
See Carp.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Squawfish

Finnish

 

French

Cyprinoïde

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Cynoscion regalis
See also Weakfish.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Gray weakfish, Gray sea trout, Seatrout, Squeteague

Finnish

Veltto

French

Acoupa royal

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Havgjørs

Polish

Kulbiniec szary

Portuguese

Corvinata-real

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Corvinata real

Swedish

Grå vekfisk, Havsgös

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Loliginidae

Danish

Blæksprutte

Dutch

Inktvis, Pijlinktvis

English

Squid

Finnish

Klamari

French

Calmar

German

Titenfisch, Kalmar

Greek

Kalamári, Téftis

Icelandic

Smokkur

Italian

Calamaro

Japanese

Ika

Norwegian

Blekksprut

Polish

Kalmar

Portuguese

Lula

Russian

Кальмары

Serbo-Croat

Lignja, Lignjun

Spanish

Calamar

Swedish

Bläckfisk, Kalmar

Turkish

Lübje, Kalemarya

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Gutted fish, first fermented, then sun-dried.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Stale dry fish (Burma)

Finnish

 

French

Poisson rassis (Birmanie)

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: I) Asteroidea II) Ophiuroidea

Danish

Søstjerne, Slangestijerne

Dutch

Zeester slangster

English

Starfish

Finnish

I) Meritähti II) Käärmetähti

French

Étoile de mer

German

Seestem, Schlangenstern

Greek

Asterias

Icelandic

Krossfiskur

Italian

 

Japanese

Hitode

Norwegian

I) Sjostjerne II) Slangestjerne

Polish

Rozgwiazdy

Portuguese

Estrela do mar

Russian

Кругляк, Белый баттерфиш

Serbo-Croat

Morske zvijezde

Spanish

Estrella de mar

Swedish

Sjöstjärna, Ormstjärna

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Uranoscopidae

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Stargazer

Finnish

Taivaantähystäjä

French

Uranoscope

German

Sterngucker

Greek

Lýchnos

Icelandic

 

Italian

Pesce prete

Japanese

Mishimaokoze

Norwegian

 

Polish

Skaber

Portuguese

Cabeçudo, Aranhuço

Russian

Звездочетовые

Serbo-Croat

Bežmek

Spanish

Rata

Swedish

Stjärnkikare

Turkish

Kurbağa balğı

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Platichthys stellatus

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Starry flounder, Long-jaw flounder

Finnish

Tähtikampela

French

Plie du Pacifique

German

Sternflunder

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

Passera stellata

Japanese

Numagarei

Norwegian

 

Polish

Gwódzica

Portuguese

Solha-estrelada-do-Pacífico

Russian

Звездчатая (тихоокеанская речная) камбала

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Raja asterias
See also Ray and Skate.

Danish

 

Dutch

Atlantische sterrog

English

Starry ray

Finnish

Tähtirausku

French

Raie étoilée

German

Mitteimeer-Sternroche

Greek

Asprovatos

Icelandic

 

Italian

Razza stellata

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

Raia-pintada

Russian

Средиземноморский звездчатый скат

Serbo-Croat

Ražica blije dopjega

Spanish

Raya estrellada, Raia estrellada, Rajada estrellada

Swedish

 

Turkish

Vatoz

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Raja stellulata
See also Ray and Skate.

Danish

 

Dutch

Pacifische sterrog

English

Starry skate, Prickly skate, Prickly starry skate

Finnish

 

French

Raie du Pacifique

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

Raia-do-Pacífico

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Portion of fish cut at right angles to the backbone of the fish so that it includes a piece of the backbone; may be cut from any round fish, and the larger flatfish, but particularly salmon, halibut, turbot, hake; also called Cutlet.
In France a 'Tranche' should have a thickness of no more than one-fifth of width; see Rouelles (France), Tronçon (France).
In Canada the term Steak is sometimes applied to fillet portions.
In U.S.A. the term is also used synonymous to Middle.

Danish

 

Dutch

Moot

English

Steak

Finnish

Kalakyljys

French

Tranche

German

Steak, Kotelett

Greek

Phéta psàri

Icelandic

Pönnufiskur, Fiskstykki

Italian

Trancia de pesce

Japanese

Sutêku

Norwegian

Fiskeskive (koteletter)

Polish

Stek, Kotlet rybny

Portuguese

Posta

Russian

Стейк, Рыбная котлета

Serbo-Croat

Odrezak

Spanish

Raja

Swedish

Stek, Kotlett

Turkish

Pirzola

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Synonym in North America with Rainbow troat (Oncorhynchus mykiss), refers mainly to species, when they enter or return from the sea and large inland lakes.
See Rainbow troat.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Steelhead trout, Steelhead salmon (Canada)

Finnish

 

French

 

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Molluscs that have been heat-treated, usually by steaming or boiling to destroy non-sporing bacteria (usually clams, cockles, mussels, oysters, whelks, winkles).
See also Cleansed shellfish.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Sterilised shellfish

Finnish

 

French

Coquillage stérilisé

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Round cured herring, packed in barrels.

Danish

 

Dutch

Steurharing

English

Steur herring (Netherlands)

Finnish

Pyöreä tynnyrisuolattu silli

French

Steur-Haring (Pays-Bas)

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

Rúnnsöltuð sild

Italian

Aringa intera salata

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

Arenque inteiro salgado

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

Cijela heringa obradjena i pakovana u barilima

Spanish

Arenque entero y salado

Swedish

Rundsaltad sill, Stupsaltad sill

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Dasyatidae

Danish

Pigrokke, Pilrokke

Dutch

 

English

Stingray

Finnish

Keihäsrausku

French

Pastenague

German

Stechrochen Peitschenrochen

Greek

Sálahi trygéna, Trigóna

Icelandic

 

Italian

Pastinaca, Trigono

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Pilskate

Polish

Ogończa

Portuguese

Uge

Russian

Хвостоколовые

Serbo-Croat

Siba žutulja, Volina

Spanish

Pastinaca

Swedish

Stingrocka

Turkish

Ignelivatoz

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Small fish in the catch, formerly given to apprentices as perquisites; now usually means either (I) fish that have been given extra preparation by crew for marketing, for example dogfish that have been skinned; or (II) Rough fish generally, that is less popular species such as Catfish, Dogfish, etc.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Stocker, Stockerbait (U.K.)

Finnish

 

French

 

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
I) Gutted, headed unsplit or split fish, such as cod, coalfish, haddock, and hake, dried hard without salt in open air.
See Rotskjaer.
II) Name also used to designate Cape hake (Merluccius capensis).

Danish

Stokfisk

Dutch

Stokvis

English

Stockfish

Finnish

Ilmakuivattu kala

French

Stockfish

German

Stockfisch

Greek

 

Icelandic

Skreið, Ráskerðingur

Italian

Stoccafisso

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Stokkfisk, Tørrfisk

Polish

Sztokfisz

Portuguese

Peixe seco sem escala

Russian

Рыбные запасы

Serbo-Croat

Suhi bakalar

Spanish

 

Swedish

Torrfisk, Torkad fisk

Turkish

Çiroz

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Chelidonichthys lastoviza

Danish

Båndet knurhane

Dutch

Gestreepte poon

English

Streaked gurnard

Finnish

 

French

Grondin camard

German

Gestreifter Knurrhahn

Greek

Gramokaponi, Kapóni

Icelandic

 

Italian

Capone ubriaco, Capone dalmato

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Knurr, Taggknurr

Polish

Kurek pregopletwy

Portuguese

Cabra-riscada, Ruivo-do-Cabo-Branco

Russian

Полосатый морской петух, Полосатая тригла

Serbo-Croat

Lastavica glavulja

Spanish

Borracho, Borratxo, Rubio, Streaked gurnard

Swedish

Tvärbandad knot

Turkish

Mazak, Mozak baligi

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Fillet strips from smoked salmon or coalfish (e.g., 'Stremel-lachs', 'Stremelseelachs').

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Stremel (Germany)

Finnish

 

French

Stremel (Allemagne)

German

Stremel

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Half of a dried salted cod down the middle, skinned and boned: napes, tail and edges are cut off, leaving an even thick piece.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Strip (U.S.A.)

Finnish

 

French

Strip (E.U.)

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Morone saxatilis
Belongs to the family Serranidae (see Bass).

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Striped sea-bass, Rock, Rockfish

Finnish

Juovabassi

French

Bar d'Amérique

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

Persico spigola

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

Skalnik prazkowany

Portuguese

Robalo-muge

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Lubina estriada

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Tetrapturus audax
See also Marlin.

Bay of Islands, North Island, New Zealand
(Photo: © Johnny Jensen)

Danish

Spydfisk

Dutch

Gestreepte marlijn

English

Striped marlin

Finnish

Juovamarliini

French

Marlin rayé

German

Gestreifter Marlin

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

Pesce lancia striato

Japanese

Makajiki, Kajiki

Norwegian

Stripet marlin

Polish

Marlin pasiasty

Portuguese

Espadim raiado, Espadim-raiado

Russian

Полосатый марлин, Полосатый копьеносец

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Marlin rayado

Swedish

Strimmig marlin, Strimmig spjutfisk

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Hot-smoked pieces ('Stücken') or steaks (cutlets) of various fishes (mostly sea water fishes).

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Stückenfisch (Germany)

Finnish

 

French

Stückenfisch (Allemagne)

German

Stückenfisch

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Acipenseridae

Danish

Størk sterlet

Dutch

Steur

English

Sturgeon

Finnish

Sampi

French

Esturgeon

German

Stör

Greek

Mouroúna Stourióni

Icelandic

Styrja

Italian

Storione

Japanese

Chôzame

Norwegian

Stør

Polish

Jesiotr

Portuguese

Esturjão, Solho

Russian

Осетровые

Serbo-Croat

Moruna

Spanish

Esturión

Swedish

Stör

Turkish

Mersin balığı

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Unsalted fish, molluscs, crustaceans, sea weed, etc., dried simply in the sun or by artificial methods, e.g. Surume, Bodara.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Suboshi, Shiraboshi, Suboshi-hin (Japan)

Finnish

 

French

Suboshi, Shiraboshi, Suboshi-hin (Japon)

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

Suboshi, Shiraboshi, Suboshi-hin

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Catostomidae
This family includes a number of species, the most important being Carpiodes, Catostomus, Ictiobus, Moxostoma and Pantosteus spp. example are Carpiodes cyprinus, Catostomus commersoni.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Sucker

Finnish

Imukarppi

French

Meunier noir

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

Peixe-búfalo

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Sugkarp

Swedish

 

Turkish

Vantuzulu balığı

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Fish particularly herring preserved with a mixture of salt and sugar.
See also Anchosen, and Spice cured fish.

Danish

Sukkersaltet fisk

Dutch

Met zout en suiker geconserveerde vis

English

Sugar cured fish

Finnish

Sokerisuolattu kala

French

Poisson traité au sucre

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

Sykursaltaður fiskur

Italian

Pesce in salamoia con zucchero

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Sukkersaltet fisk

Polish

Ryba przyprawiona na słodko

Portuguese

Peixe tratado com sal e açucar

Russian

Полслещенная консервированная рыба

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

Sockersaltad fisk

Turkish

Şekerle olgunlaşimş balık

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Paralichthys dentatus

Danish

 

Dutch

Zomervogel

English

Summer flounder, Gulf flounder

Finnish

Kesäkampela

French

Cardeau d'été

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

Rombo dentuto

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

Poskarp letnica

Portuguese

Carta-de-verão

Russian

Летний паралихт Аубатая (летняя) кабала

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

Sommarflundra

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Fish dried by exposure to sun and wind.
See also Dried fish.

Danish

Soltørret fisk

Dutch

Zon gedroogde vis

English

Sun-dried fish

Finnish

Aurinkokuivattu kala

French

Poisson séché au soleil

German

Sonnengretrockneter Fisch

Greek

Liokaftá

Icelandic

Sólpurrkaður fiskur

Italian

Pesce seccato al sole

Japanese

Hiboshi, Nikkan

Norwegian

Soltørket fisk

Polish

Ryba suszona na słońcu

Portuguese

Peixe seco ao sol

Russian

Вяленая рыба

Serbo-Croat

Riba sušene na suncu

Spanish

Pescado secado al sol

Swedish

Soltorkad fisk

Turkish

Güneşte kurutulmuş balık

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Name used for different freshwater species especially Centrarchidae, but also Opah (Lamprididae) and Mola (Molidae).

Danish

 

Dutch

Zonnebaars

English

Sunfish

Finnish

Aurinkoahven

French

Poisson-lune

German

Sonnenbarsch

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

Bass słoneczny

Portuguese

 

Russian

Длинноперый алектис, Рыба-луна, Рыба-солнце

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

Solabborre

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
The practice of rapidly and uniformly cooling white fish stowed at sea to a selected temperature a few degrees below that melting ice, and then holding the fish at that temperature under carefully controlled conditions.

Danish

 

Dutch

Snelkoeling

English

Superchilling

Finnish

Pikajäähdytys

French

Sur-réfrigération

German

Unterkühlung

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

Surrefrigerazione

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Underkjöling

Polish

Podchładzanie

Portuguese

Super-refrigeração

Russian

Сверхохлаждение

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Super refrigeraçión

Swedish

Superkylning

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Embiotocidae
Various species in North America.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Surfperch, Surffish

Finnish

 

French

 

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Hypomesus pretiosus

Danish

 

Dutch

Amerikaanse spiering

English

Surf smelt, Silver smelt

Finnish

 

French

Éperlan

German

Kleinmauliger kalifornischer

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

Stynka przybojowa

Portuguese

Eperlano-do-Pacífico

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
A refined stabilised, frozen fish mince. Refining and stabilisation of functional properties during frozen storage are achieved by repeated washing with fresh water to remove soluble protein, straining, restoration of water content to natural levels (ca80%) by pressing followed by incorporation of sugar (4%), sorbitol (4%) and polyphosphate (0,3%). Surimi is used for the industrial production of Japanese 'neriseihin' fish products such as Kamaboko and fish sausage and, in recent years, seafood analouge products such as Crab sticks.

Danish

Surimi

Dutch

 

English

Surimi (Japan)

Finnish

Surimi

French

Surimi (Japon)

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

Surimi, Reito Surimi

Norwegian

Surimi

Polish

Surimi

Portuguese

Surimi

Russian

Сурими

Serbo-Croat

Surimi

Spanish

Surimi

Swedish

Surimi

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Mullus surmuletus

Andalucía, Spain
(Photo: © Johnny Jensen)

Danish

Mulle, Stribet mulle

Dutch

Mul, Koning van de poon

English

Striped red mullet, Surmullet, Red mullet, Woodcock of the sea

Finnish

Keltajuovamullo, Mullo

French

Rouget-barbet de roche, Rouget de roche, Rouget-barbet

German

Meerbarbe, Streifenbarbe

Greek

Barboúni, Koutsomoúra, Mparmpouni

Icelandic

Sæskeggur

Italian

Triglia di scoglio, Tria, Triglia

Japanese

Himeji

Norwegian

Mulle

Polish

Barwena

Portuguese

Salmonete legitimo, Salmonete-legítimo, Salmonete-vermelho

Russian

Полосатая барабуля

Serbo-Croat

Trlje odkamena, Trlje

Spanish

Salmonete de roca, Moll de roca, Red mullet, Roger, Salmonete, Salmonete de roche

Swedish

Strimmig röd mullus, Mulle, Gulstrimmig mullus

Turkish

Tekir, Tekir baligi, Barbunya, Nil barbunyasi

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Brine salted herring pickled in spiced solution of vinegar and sugar, sliced onions added.

Danish

 

Dutch

Gekruide gezouten haring

English

Sursild (Norway)

Finnish

Marinoitu silli

French

Sursild (Norvége)

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

Sýrð síld

Italian

Aringhe marinate

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Sursild

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

Marinerad sill

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Cuttlefish or squid, gutted, eyes removed; split and dried, also afterward boiled, pressed and dried again, after seasoning (Noshi-surume or Nioshi-ika).

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Surume (Japan)

Finnish

 

French

Surume (Japon)

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

Surume

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
I) Product made by fermentation of pickled fish, boiled rice and salt.
Also called Urezushi.
II) The term Sushi is also applied to a restaurant food prepared by putting raw fish slice (Sashimi) on boiled rice flavoured with vinegar.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Sushi (Japan)

Finnish

 

French

Sushi (Japon)

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

Sushi

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

Sushi (Japan)

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Salted or unsalted sun-dried fish; sometimes hard-smoked fish, e.g. smoked shrimp.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Sutki (India, Pakistan)

Finnish

 

French

Sutki (Inde, Pakistan)

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Bladder containing gas, lying beneath the backbone of some bony fish; marketed fresh, frozen or dried, for manufacture of Isinglass and Fish glue. Swim bladders when dried are also sometimes used for food; also salted (Canada)

Danish

Svømmeblære

Dutch

Zwemblass

English

Swim bladder, Air-bladder, Fish bladder, Fish sound

Finnish

Uimarakko

French

Vessie natatoire

German

Schwimmblase

Greek

Niktiki kistis

Icelandic

Sundmagi

Italian

Vescica natatoria

Japanese

Ukibukuro

Norwegian

Svømmeblære

Polish

Pęcherz pławny

Portuguese

Bexiga natatória

Russian

Плавательный пузырь

Serbo-Croat

Zračni mjehur

Spanish

Vejiga natatoria

Swedish

Simblåsa

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Necora puber

Danish

Svømmekrabbe

Dutch

Fluwelen zwemcrab

English

Velvet fiddler crab, Swimming crab, Velvet crab, Velvet swimming crab

Finnish

 

French

Étrille

German

Schwimmkrabbe

Greek

Siderokávouras

Icelandic

 

Italian

Granchio di rena

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

Krab pływający

Portuguese

Navalheira-felpuda

Russian

Краб-плавунец

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Nécora

Swedish

Simkrabba

Turkish

Yüzen kerevit

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Xiphias gladius

Danish

Sværdfisk

Dutch

Zwaardvis

English

Swordfish, Broadbill, Sword fish

Finnish

Miekkakala

French

Espadon

German

Schwertfisch

Greek

Xiphías, Xifias

Icelandic

Sverðfiskur

Italian

Pesce spada

Japanese

Mekajiki, Dakuda, Medara, Meka

Norwegian

Sverdfisk

Polish

Wlócznik

Portuguese

Espadarte, Agulha, Agulhao, Catana, Espada, Peixe agulha, Peixe espada, Peixe-agulha

Russian

Меч-рыба, Меченос

Serbo-Croat

Babljan, Iglun, Igo, Jaglun, Macokljun, Sablijck

Spanish

Pez espada, Aja para, Chichi spada, Emperador, Espada, Espardarte

Swedish

Svärdfisk

Turkish

Kiliç baligi

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Nemadactylus gayi

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Tarakihi

Finnish

 

French

Castenette de Juan Fernandez

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Fish roe, mostly from carp, mixed with salt, bread crumbs, white cheese, olive oil and lemon juice.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Tarama, Atarama (Greece, Turkey)

Finnish

 

French

Tarama, Atarama (Grèce, Turquie)

German

 

Greek

Tarama, Atarama

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

Tarama, Atarama

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Elopidae

Danish

Tarpon

Dutch

Tarpoen

English

Tarpon

Finnish

Tarponi

French

Tarpon

German

Tarpon

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

Tarpone

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

Tarpon, Elops

Portuguese

Tarpão, Peixe-prata-do-atlântico

Russian

Злопсовые; тарпоновые

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Tarpón, Pez lagarto

Swedish

Tarpon

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Elops affinis

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Pacific ladyfish, Machete, Ladyfish, Tenpounder

Finnish

Veitsihopeakala

French

Guinée-machète du Pacifique

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Malacho del Pacífico, Machete, Chiro, Chola, Pex torpedo

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Larval fish of sardine or anchovy dried in a square frame, the product looks like a sheet of paper.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Tatami-iwashi (Japan)

Finnish

 

French

Tatami-iwashi (Japon)

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

Tatami-iwashi

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Tautoga onitis
Belonging to the family Labridae (see Wrasse).

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Tautog

Finnish

 

French

Matote noire

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

Tautoga czarna

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Tinca tinca

(Common Female & Male)
(Photo: © Johnny Jensen)

Danish

Suder

Dutch

Zeelt

English

Tench, Sgreten

Finnish

Suutari

French

Tanche, Aiguillons, Tenco, Tinche

German

Schlei, Alia, Schleie, Schlien, Slia

Greek

Glínia, Glini

Icelandic

Grunnungur

Italian

Tinca

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Suter, Sudre

Polish

Lin

Portuguese

Tenca, Tinca

Russian

Линь

Serbo-Croat

Linjak, Linis

Spanish

Tenca

Swedish

Sutare, Lindare

Turkish

Kadife baligi, Yesil sazan

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Gelidium spp. of edible seaweed.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Tengusa (Japan)

Finnish

 

French

Tengusa (Japon)

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

Tengusa

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Malaclemys spp.
Edible turtles (U.S.A.)

Danish

Skildpadde

Dutch

Moerassschildpad

English

Terrapin

Finnish

 

French

Tortue Américane

German

Salzsumpfschildkröte

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

Testuggine

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

Żółw amerykański

Portuguese

Tartaruga

Russian

Черепахи

Serbo-Croat

Jestiva kornjača

Spanish

Tortuga comestible

Swedish

Sköldpadda

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Microchirus variegatus

Danish

 

Dutch

Franse tong

English

Thickback sole, Bastard sole, Lucky sole, Variegated sole

Finnish

 

French

Sole-perdix commune

German

Bastardzunge

Greek

Zonoglosa

Icelandic

 

Italian

Sogliola variegata

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

Pręgatka

Portuguese

Azevia raïada, Azevia-raiada

Russian

Изменчивая короткоперая солея

Serbo-Croat

List prugavac

Spanish

Golleta, Lenguado, Lenguao, Llenguado pelut, Soldada, Thickback sole

Swedish

Strimmig tunga

Turkish

Lekelidil baligi

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Raja clavata

Aquarium, Denmark
(Photo: © Johnny Jensen)

Danish

Sømrokke

Dutch

Stekelrog

English

Thornback ray, Maiden ray, Rocker, Roker, Thornback maid ray, Thornback rough ray, Thornback skate, Thorny

Finnish

Okarausku

French

Raie bouclée, Clavelade, Raie bouclée clovée, Raiton, Réagris, Zerra bouké

German

Nagelrochen, Dornrochen, Keulenrochen, Keulenstachel, Keulen-stachel, Stachelrochen, Steinrochen

Greek

Sálahi, Kalkanovatos, Raïa, Vátos

Icelandic

Dröfnuskata

Italian

Razza chiodata, Baracola, Baracoleta

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Piggskate, Piggrokke

Polish

Raja nabijana a. ciernista

Portuguese

Raia-lenga, Lenga, Raia-brocheada, Raia-pinta

Russian

Колючий скат, Морская лисица

Serbo-Croat

Raza kamenjarka

Spanish

Raya de clavos, Arraizabala, Bastina rajada, Bramante, Clavel, Clavellada, Gastaka, Pez de mahoma, Raia de clavos, Rajada, Rajada vera, Raya común, Raya crabuda, Raya punjosa, Romaguera, Thornback ray

Swedish

Knaggrocka

Turkish

Vatoz, Deniztilkisi baligi, Ignelivatoz baligi, Vatoz baligi

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Scientific name: Polynemidae

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Threadfin

Finnish

Rihmaevä

French

Barbure ou capitaine

German

Fingerfisch

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

Tsubamekonoshiro

Norwegian

 

Polish

Wiciak

Portuguese

Barbudo

Russian

Пальцеперые

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

Trådfisk

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Opisthonema oglinum

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Atlantic thread herring, Hairy back

Finnish

Siimasilli

French

Chardin fil, Faux hareng

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

Konoshiro-modoki

Norwegian

 

Polish

Opistonema atlantycka

Portuguese

Machete-do-Atlântico

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Machuelo hebra atlántico, Machuelo

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Gaidropsarus vulgaris

Danish

Tretrådet havkvabbe

Dutch

Driedradige meun

English

Three-bearded rockling, Threebeard rockling, Whistler

Finnish

Rantamade, Kolmiviiksimade

French

Motelle commune, Aholatza, Blountek, Loche de mer, Lochet, Loquette, Louise, Motelle à trois barbillons, Moustella, Renard

German

Dreibärtelige Seequappe, Gemeine Meerquappe, Meertrüsche

Greek

Gaïdouropsaro, Agoulianos, Agoullanos, Stictogaidouropsaro

Icelandic

Blettabyrfill, Bletta

Italian

Motella maculata

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Tretrådet tangbrosme, Treskjegget tangbrosme

Polish

Motela trójwasa

Portuguese

Laibeque, Laibeque-de-três-barbilhos

Russian

Обыкновенная галея, Обыкновенный трехусый налим

Serbo-Croat

Ugorova mater, Ugorova majka pecatica

Spanish

Lota, Abarbado, Barbada, Barlaña, Mollareta, Mostel, Palayó

Swedish

Tretömmad skärlånga

Turkish

Gelincik baligi

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Alopias vulpinus
See also Shark.

Danish

Tærsker

Dutch

Voshaai

English

Thintail thresher, Thresher shark, Big-eye thresher, Fox shark, Grayfish, Sea fox, Slasher, Swiveltail, Whip-tailed shark

Finnish

Kettuhai

French

Requin renard, Faux, Pèis rato, Poisson-épée, Renard, Renard de mer, Singe de mer, Thon blanc

German

Fuchshai, Drescher, Drescherhai, Langschweif, Seefuchs

Greek

Aleposkylos, Alepouskylos, Skylópsaro

Icelandic

 

Italian

Squalo volpe, Pesce volpe, Pesce volpe comune, Volpe de mar

Japanese

Mao-naga

Norwegian

Revehai

Polish

Kosogon

Portuguese

Tubarão-raposo, Raposo, Tubarao-raposo, Tubarão-zorra, Tubarão-zorro, Zorra, Zorro

Russian

Лисьи акулы

Serbo-Croat

Psina lisica, Pas lisica

Spanish

Pez zorro, Chichi espada, Guadaña, Guilla, Peje sable, Peje zorra, Pez espada, Pez palo, Pichirata, Rabo de zorra, Raposa, Raposa marina, Tiburón pez zorro, Tiburón zorro, Zorra de mar, Zorro, Zorro blanco

Swedish

Rävhaj

Turkish

Sapan baligi, Sapan

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

Scientific name: Galeocerdo cuvier
Belongs to the family Carcharhinidae (see Requiem shark).

Danish

Tigerhaj

Dutch

Tijgerhaai

English

Tiger shark, Leopard shark, Spotted shark

Finnish

Tiikerihai

French

Requin tigre commun, Mangeur d'hommes, Requin-demoiselle, Requin-tigre

German

Tigerhai

Greek

Carcharias

Icelandic

Tígrisháfur

Italian

Squalo tigre

Japanese

Itachizame

Norwegian

Tigerhai

Polish

Zarlacz tygrysi

Portuguese

Tubarão-tigre, Tubarao-tigre

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Tiburón tigre, Alecrín, Tintorera

Swedish

Tigerhaj

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Gutted alewives, cured in strong brine for a week or more, packed in barrels with dry salt and marketed as a dry salted product.
See Alewife.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Tight Pack, Hard cure, Virginia cure (U.S.A.) Pickled alewives (Canada)

Finnish

 

French

 

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Tilapia spp.
Cultured in pounds in many tropical countries.

Danish

 

Dutch

Tilapia

English

Tilapia

Finnish

Tilapia

French

Tilapia

German

Tilapie

Greek

Tilapia

Icelandic

Tilapia

Italian

 

Japanese

Telapia

Norwegian

 

Polish

Tilapia

Portuguese

Tilápia

Russian

Тилапии

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

Munruvare

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Lopholatilus chamaeleonticeps

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Great northern tilefish, Tilefish

Finnish

 

French

Tile chameau

German

Ziegelbarsch

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

Plytecznik

Portuguese

Peixe-paleta-camelo

Russian

Кафельниковые, Бранквиловые

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Blanquillo camello

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Fish product similar to Bagoong, but with minor variations.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Tinabal (Philippines)

Finnish

 

French

Tinabal (Philippines)

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Herring-like fish, whole or gutted, dipped fresh into boiling brine and then smoked; usually made from Tunsoy, Lapad and Tamban oil sardine (all Sardinella spp.)
See Sardinella.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Tinapa (Philippines)

Finnish

 

French

Tinapa (Philippines)

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Skipjack (Katsuwonus pelamis) or similar spp. eaten fresh, or dried and salted, locally.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Tjakalang (Indonesia)

Finnish

 

French

Tjakalang (Indonésie)

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Paphies ventricosa
Edible mollusc, sometimes canned.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Toheroa

Finnish

 

French

 

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Product dried after removing water by repeated freezing and thawing; e.g. Tokan-dara (cod fillets processed this way).
See Freeze drying.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Tôkan-hin (Japan)

Finnish

 

French

Tôkan-hin (Japon)

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

Tôkan-hin

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Edible by-products of lobster, as e.g. roe, scraps of meat, etc., which have not been ground to a smooth consistency (Canada); may be minced and canned, used in lobster paste.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Tômalley

Finnish

 

French

Tômalley

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Microgadus tomcod

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Atlantic tomcod, Frostfish

Finnish

 

French

Poulamon atlantique

German

Tomcod

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

Tomkod atlantycki

Portuguese

Tomecode

Russian

Томкоды

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Microgado

Swedish

Atlantisk tomcod, Frostfisk, Tomcod

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Shrimp cooked in saturated brine and dried in the sun.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Tom kho (Vietnam)

Finnish

 

French

Tom kho (Vietnam)

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
I) Name used for Common sole (Solea solea).
II) See Fish tongue.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Tongue

Finnish

 

French

Langue

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Canned Tuna meat, more heavily salted than usual and packed in olive oil.

Danish

 

Dutch

Tonijn in olie

English

Tonno (U.S.A.)

Finnish

Tonnikalasäilykeöljyssä

French

 

German

 

Greek

Tónnos consérva

Icelandic

 

Italian

Tonno all'olio d'oliva

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

Atum em conserva

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

Konzervirani tunj-tunj u konzervi

Spanish

Carne de atún en conserva

Swedish

Tonfisk i olja (konserv)

Turkish

Ton

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Mustelus fasciatus

Danish

 

Dutch

Gestreepte toonhaai

English

Striped smooth-hound

Finnish

 

French

Emissole rayée

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Mustola listada, Musola

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Zeugopterus punctatus

Øresund Aquarium, Denmark
(Photos: © Johnny Jensen)

Danish

Hårhvarre

Dutch

Gevlekte griet

English

Topknot, Bastard brill, Bloch's topknot, Browny, Common topknot, Muller's topknot

Finnish

Kalliokampela

French

Targeur

German

Zwergbutt, Haarbutt

Greek

 

Icelandic

Skjálgi

Italian

Rombo camaso

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Bergvar, Hårvar

Polish

Ptera

Portuguese

Rodovalho-bruxa

Russian

Пятнистые топкнот

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Rèmol empetxinat

Swedish

Bergvar

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Monodonta turbinata

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Top shell

Finnish

 

French

 

German

 

Greek

Tróchos

Icelandic

 

Italian

Cornetto

Japanese

Sazae

Norwegian

 

Polish

Skręp (małż)

Portuguese

 

Russian

Однозубка завитая

Serbo-Croat

Ogrc

Spanish

Caracol gris, Caramujo

Swedish

Snäcka

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
I) Scandinavian name for Cod (Gadus morhua).
II) Alternative English name for Tusk (Brosme brosme).

Danish

Torsk

Dutch

 

English

Torsk

Finnish

 

French

Torsk

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Torsk

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

Torsk

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Oil obtained from fish and aquatic animals by allowing them to decompose. The term 'tran', in various languages also applies to the uncleaned fish fat or fish oil, see Fish oil.

Danish

 

Dutch

Traan

English

Tran oil

Finnish

Kala-tai merieläinöljy, Traani

French

 

German

Tran

Greek

 

Icelandic

Sjálfrunnið lýsi

Italian

Olio di pesce

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Tran

Polish

Tran

Portuguese

Óleo de peixe em decomposição

Russian

Рыбий жир

Serbo-Croat

Trani

Spanish

Aceite de pescado

Swedish

Tran

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Fish or quantities of mixed species, incidentally caught and unwanted for human consumption; also used synonymously to Industrial fish.
See also Fish waste.

Danish

Industrifisk (foderfisk)

Dutch

Voeervis, Industrievis

English

Trash fish (N. America)

Finnish

Rehukala

French

Poisson de rebut (Amérique du Nord)

German

Futterfisch, Industriefisch

Greek

 

Icelandic

Tros

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Skrapfisk

Polish

Ryba paszowa, Przemysłowa na mączkę

Portuguese

Peixe de refugo

Russian

Рыба кормовая, Производство муки

Serbo-Croat

Otpadna riba

Spanish

 

Swedish

Skrapfisk

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Fermented shrimp paste.
Similar product see Shiokara (Japan)

Danish

 

Dutch

Trassi

English

Trassi udang, Belachan (Indonesia)

Finnish

Fermentoitu katkaraputahna, Trassi

French

Trassi udang, Belachan (Indonésie)

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish