Scientific name: Eschrichtius robustus

Danish

 

Dutch

Grijzo walvis

English

Pacific grey whale, Grey whale, Grey back, Californian grey whale, Hard head, Mussel digger, Rip sack

Finnish

Harmaavalas

French

Baleine grise de Californie

German

Grauwal

Greek

 

Icelandic

Gràhvalur

Italian Balenottera grigia
Japanese Kokujira
Norwegian Kalifornisk gråhval
Polish Wal szary
Portuguese Balela-cinzenta-do-Pacifico
Russian Тихоокеанский серый кит
Serbo-Croat  
Spanish  
Swedish

Gråval

Turkish Pasifik gri balinası

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Merluccius productus
See Hake.

Danish

Kulmule

Dutch

 

English

North Pacific hake, Pacific hake

Finnish

Kaliforniankummeliturska

French

Merlu du Pacifique nord

German

Pazifischer Seehecht, Seehecht

Greek

Bakaliaro

Icelandic

 

Italian

Nasello del pacifico

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Lysing (stillehavsk)

Polish

Morszczuk oregoński lub północno-pacyficzny

Portuguese

Pescada-do-Pacifico-Norte

Russian

Тихоокеанская (северная) мерлуза

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Merluzza pacifica norteamericana, Merluza del Pacífico

Swedish

NordPacific kummel, Kalifornisk kummel

Turkish

Pasifik berlami

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Hippoglossus stenolepis
See also Halibut.

Alaska
(Photos: © Johnny Jensen)

Danish

Helleflynder

Dutch

Heilbot

English

Pacific halibut

Finnish

Tyynenmerenpallas

French

Flétan du Pacifique

German

Pazifischer Heilbutt

Greek

 

Icelandic

Kyrrahafs lúða

Italian

Halibut del Pacifico

Japanese

Ohyô

Norwegian

Kveite

Polish

Halibut pacyficzny

Portuguese

Alabote-do-Pacifico

Russian

Белокорый палтус

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Halibut del Pacifico, Fletán del Pacífico

Swedish

Stillahavshelgeflundra, Stillahavshälleflundra

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Clupea pallasii
See Herring.

Danish

Sild

Dutch

Pacifische haring

English

Pacific herring, North Pacific herring

Finnish

Vienansilli

French

Hareng du Pacifique

German

Pazifischer Hering

Greek

 

Icelandic

Kyrrahafs-sild

Italian

Aringa del Pacifico

Japanese

Nishin

Norwegian

Sild

Polish

Śledź pacyficzny

Portuguese

Arenque-do-Pacifíco

Russian

Тихоокеанская (восточная, малопозвонковая) сельдь

Serbo-Croat

Srdela pacificka

Spanish

Arenque del Pacifico

Swedish

Stillahavssill

Turkish

Pasifik ringasi

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
See also Chub mackerel.

Danish

Spansk makrel

Dutch

Spaanse makreel

English

Pacific mackerel, Spanish mackerel

Finnish

Japaninmakrilli

French

Maquereau espagnol

German

Spanische Makrele

Greek

Koliós

Icelandic

Spánskur makrill

Italian

Lanzardo, Sgombro cavallo

Japanese

Honsaba, Hirasaba, Masaba

Norwegian

Spansk makrell

Polish

Makrela kolias

Portuguese

Cavala

Russian

Калифорнийская скумбрия

Serbo-Croat

Lokarda, Plavica

Spanish

Estornino

Swedish

Spansk makrill, Japansk makrill

Turkish

Kolyoz

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Sebastes alutus

Danish

Rødfisk

Dutch

 

English

Pacific ocean perch, Black bass, Menuke rockfish, Rockfish, Salmon canary, Snapper

Finnish

 

French

 

German

Pazifischer Rotbarsch

Greek

Kokinosparo

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

Arasukamenuke

Norwegian

 

Polish

Karmazyn pacyficzny

Portuguese

Cantarilho do Pacífico

Russian

Тихоокеанский клювач, Грязный морской ерш

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Gallineta del Pacífico

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
The term Pacific prawn does not refer to a particular species but to a product; shelled tails, canned or frozen.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Pacific prawn

Finnish

 

French

Crevette du Pacifique

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Cololabis saira

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Pacific saury, Mackerel pike, Skipper

Finnish

Saira

French

Balaou japonais, Balaou du Pacific, Orphie, Samma, Saurie, Saury

German

Kurzschnabelmakrelenhecht, Saira

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

Aguglia saira

Japanese

Sanma

Norwegian

 

Polish

Saira

Portuguese

Agulhao-do-Japao, Sama

Russian

Сайра

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Parpada del Pacífico

Swedish

 

Turkish

Zurna

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Fish product consisting of slices of fish that have been dipped in paste of clarified butter or oil, with chillies, mustard and other spices and packed in jars.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Padda (Malabar, India)

Finnish

 

French

Padda (Malabar, Inde)

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

Pada

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Polyodon spathula

Danish

Skestør

Dutch

Lepelsteur

English

Paddlefish, Mississippi paddlefish, Duckbill Cat, Spadefish, Spoonbill cat, Spoonbillcatfish

Finnish

Lapasampi

French

Poisson spatule

German

Löffelstör, Paddelfisch, Schaufelstör

Greek

Polyodontas

Icelandic

 

Italian

Pesce spatola

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Skjestør

Polish

Wiosłonos amerykański

Portuguese

Peixe-espátula

Russian

Беслоносые

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Pez espátula, Sollo

Swedish

Skedstör

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Fermented fish paste made with rice husks.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Padec (Laos)

Finnish

 

French

Padec (Laos)

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Raja microocellata

Helsinki, Finland
(Photo: © Johnny Jensen)

Danish

Småøjet rokke

Dutch

Kleinoogrog

English

Smalleyed ray, Painted ray, Owl ray

Finnish

Palettirausku

French

Raie mêlée

German

Kleinäugiger Rochen, Hellfleckiger Rochen

Greek

Salahi

Icelandic

 

Italian

Razza

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

Raja drobnooka

Portuguese

Raia-zimbreira

Russian

Мелкопятнистый скат

Serbo-Croat

Raža

Spanish

Raya, Raia colorada, Raya colorada, Raya de ojos

Swedish

Småögd rocka

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Gutted or un-gutted fish, boiled with coconut or nipa vinegar, and other spices and simmered over a slow fire. The term is synonymous with Sinaeng (Philippines).

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Paksiw (Philippines)

Finnish

 

French

Paksiw (Philippines)

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Haddock split as for Eyemouth cure, light-salted and lightly cold-smoked; also called, Finnan haddock, Glasgow pale.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Pale cure, Pale (U.K.)

Finnish

 

French

Haddock

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Light smoked Red herring, similar to Silver cured herring.

Danish

 

Dutch

Lichtgerookte zilverharing

English

Pale smoked red (U.K.)

Finnish

 

French

 

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

Aringa rossa leggermente affumicata

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

Arenque ligeiramente fumado

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Arenque rojo, Ligeramente ahumado

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Pagellus erythrinus
See also Sea bream.

Danish

Rød blankesten

Dutch

Zeebrasem

English

Common pandora, Pandora, Becker, King of the breams, Spanish sea bream

Finnish

Punapagelli

French

Pageot commun, Pagel

German

Rotbrassen, Rotbrasse

Greek

Lithríni, Lethrini, Lythrini

Icelandic

 

Italian

Pagello fragolino, Albaro, Fragolino, Medagia, Medagiola, Pagello

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Pagell, Rødpagell

Polish

Morlesz szkarłatny

Portuguese

Bica, Bicançao, Bicudo

Russian

Атлантический пагель, Красный пагр

Serbo-Croat

Rumenac, Arbun

Spanish

Breca, Pagell, Pajel

Swedish

Röd pagell

Turkish

Madagöz mercan, Kirma, Mercan

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Trade name for salted cod of a weight less than 400g at the time of landing.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Papillon (France)

Finnish

 

French

Papillon

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Young salmon before it leave freshwater for the sea.

Danish

 

Dutch

Zalmbroed

English

Parr

Finnish

Jokipoikanen

French

Parr

German

Salmling

Greek

 

Icelandic

Laxaseiði

Italian

 

Japanese

Ginkeyamame

Norwegian

Parr (smolt)

Polish

Presmolt

Portuguese

Salmão pequeno

Russian

Молодой лосось, Пестрятка

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Salmon joven

Swedish

Stirr

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Scaridae
Various species in the tropical Atlantic, and one at least of commercial interest in the Mediterranean.

Danish

Papegøjefisk

Dutch

Papegaaivis

English

Parrot-fish

Finnish

Papukaijakala

French

Perroquet

German

Papageifisch, Seepapagei

Greek

Scaros

Icelandic

 

Italian

Pesci pappagallo

Japanese

Budai

Norwegian

 

Polish

Skarusowate

Portuguese

Peixe-papagaio, Papagaio

Russian

Скаровые, Рыбы-попугай, Попугаевые

Serbo-Croat

Papigača

Spanish

Vieja

Swedish

Papegojfisk

Turkish

Iskaroz

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Fish and seafood packed in cans, glass jars or other containers, absolutely airtight, preserved by heating at temperatures around 100ºC (212ºF) for a limited time; to be chill stored.
In some countries the term Semi-preserves comprises pasteurised fish.

Danish

Pasteuriseret fisk

Dutch

Gepasteuriseerdevis

English

Pasteurised fish

Finnish

Pastöroitu kalasäilyke

French

Poisson pasteurisé

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

Pesce pastorizzato

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Pasteurisert fisk

Polish

Ryba pasteryzowana

Portuguese

Peixe pasteurizado

Russian

Рыба пастеризованная

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Pescado pasteurizado

Swedish

Pastöriserad fisk

Turkish

Pastörize balık

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Caviar, packed with brine formed during salting into cans which are then pasteurised several times; no preservative added.
See Caviar.

Danish

Pasteuriseret kaviar

Dutch

Gepasteuriseerde kaviaar in pekel

English

Pasteurised grain caviar

Finnish

Pastöroitu kaviaarisäilyke

French

Caviar en grains pasteurisé

German

 

Greek

Chaviari pasteurioméno

Icelandic

Gerilsneyddur kavíar

Italian

Caviale pastorizzato

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

Pasteryzowany ziarnisty kawior

Portuguese

Caviar pasteurizado

Russian

Пастеризованная зернистая икра

Serbo-Croat

Pasteizirani zrnati kavijar

Spanish

Caviar pasteurizado

Swedish

Pastöriserad kaviar

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Free liquid extracted during fermentation of Bagoong and used as a sauce.
Similar product in Japan is Shottsuru.

Danish

 

Dutch

Petis

English

Patis (Philippines)

Finnish

 

French

Patis (Philippines)

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Haliotis iris
See also Abalone.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Paua, Blackfooted paua, Rainbow paua, Yellowfooted, Queen paua

Finnish

 

French

Paua

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Iridescent, nacreous concretion composed mostly of calcium carbonate formed inside the shell of certain pearl-bearing molluscs; when formed as part of the shell, is described as a Blister pearl.

Danish

Perler

Dutch

Parel

English

Pearl, Blister pearl

Finnish

Helmi

French

Perle

German

Perle

Greek

Margaritári

Icelandic

Perla

Italian

Perla

Japanese

Shinju

Norwegian

Perle

Polish

Perła

Portuguese

Pérola

Russian

Перл

Serbo-Croat

Biser

Spanish

Perla

Swedish

Pärla

Turkish

Inci

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Liquid suspension of particles of guanin, the lustrous material extracted from scales of fish such as herring, sardine or their swim bladders. Also various other species, e.g. argentine, sturgeon.

Danish

Perlemorsessens

Dutch

Viszilver

English

Pearl essence

Finnish

Helmiesanssi

French

Essence d'orient

German

Perlessenz

Greek

 

Icelandic

Perlukjarni

Italian

Essenza perlifera

Japanese

Gyoimpaku

Norwegian

Perlessens

Polish

Esencja perłowa

Portuguese

Essência de pérola

Russian

Экстракт перла

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Esencia de perla

Swedish

Pärlessens

Turkish

Biserna esencija

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Salted fish of Scomber spp. Ripened by fermentation.
Similar product in Japan Sushi.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Pedah (Thailand)

Finnish

 

French

Pedah (Thailande)

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Pseudopentaceros wheeleri

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Pelagic armourhead, Slender armorhead, Southern boarfish

Finnish

 

French

 

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

Kusakaritsubodai

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Those species of fish which normally occur in the upper part of the water column.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Pelagic fish

Finnish

 

French

Poisson pelagique

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

Pelagisk fisk

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Perca fluviatilis

Silkeborg, Denmark
(Photos: © Johnny Jensen)

Danish

Aborre

Dutch

Baars

English

European perch, Perch, River perch, Darter

Finnish

Ahven

French

Perche, Perche commune, Perche européenne, Perche fluviatile

German

Barsch, Bahrs, Berse, Bersich, Flußbarsch

Greek

Pérca chaní, Perki

Icelandic

Aborri

Italian

Pesce, Perca, Persico, Persico reale, Pesce persico

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Abbor, Åbor

Polish

Okon

Portuguese

Perca-europeia, Perca

Russian

Окуневые

Serbo-Croat

Grgec, Ostriz

Spanish

Perca, Perca europea

Swedish

Abborre, europeisk

Turkish

Tatlisu levregi, Tatlisulevregi baligi

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Littorina littorea
See also Winkle.

Danish

Strandsnegl

Dutch

Alikruik kreukel

English

Periwinkle, Buckie, Whelk

Finnish

Rantakotilo, Litorinakotilo

French

Bigorneau

German

Strandschnecke

Greek

 

Icelandic

Fjöru doppa

Italian

Chiocciola di mare

Japanese

Tamakibi

Norwegian

Strandsnegl, Purpursnegl

Polish

Ślimak pobrzeżek

Portuguese

Burrié, Burrelho

Russian

Береговичок (моллюск)

Serbo-Croat

Pužić morski

Spanish

Bígaro

Swedish

Strandsnäcka

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Eopsetta jordani

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Petrale sole, Brill

Finnish

 

French

Carlottin pétrale

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

Petralka

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Generally refers to species of the family Centracanthidae (Maenidae)

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Picarel, Smare

Finnish

 

French

Picarel

German

Laxierfisch

Greek

Marída

Icelandic

 

Italian

Zerro, Mennola

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

Trombeiro

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

Gera, Modrak

Spanish

Caramel, Chucia

Swedish

 

Turkish

Izmarit

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Squalus acanthias

Danish

Pighaj

Dutch

Doornhaai

English

Piked dogfish, Blue dog, Common spiny fish, Darwen salmon, Rock salmon, Spiny dogfish, Spotted spiny dogfish, Spring dogfish, Spurdog

Finnish

Piikkihai

French

Aiguillat commun, Aiguillat tacheté

German

Dornhai, Dornfisch, Gemeiner Dornhai, Grundhai

Greek

Skylópsaro, Kokálas, Kedróni, Kentroni, Skyllos, Stictokentroni

Icelandic

Háfur

Italian

Spinarolo, Can bianco

Japanese

Aburatsunozame, Tsunozame

Norwegian

Pigghå, Pighai

Polish

Koleń

Portuguese

Galhudo-malhado, Melga, Galhudo, Malhado melga

Russian

Пятнистая колючая акула, Катран

Serbo-Croat

Pas kostelj, Koscenjak

Spanish

Mielga, Galludo, Agullat, Spurdog

Swedish

Pigghaj

Turkish

Mahmuzlu camgöz, Katran balığı, Köpek baligi, Mahmuzlucamgöz balığı

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Name might refer to species of the family Esocidae.
See Pike.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Pickerel

Finnish

 

French

 

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

Turna

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Fish that have been treated with salt in a watertight container so that the fish are cured in the pickle that is formed; to be distinguished from Dry salted fish; synonymous term is Wet salted fish.
A number of alternative names used.
In Canada; see also Gaspe cure, Fall cure.

Danish

Lagesaltet fisk

Dutch

Vis in pekel, Gepekelde vis

English

Pickle cured fish, Brine cured fish, Wet cured fish, Brine packed fish, Pickle salted fish, Butt salted fish, Tank salted fish, Butt cure, Barrelled salted cod

Finnish

Tynnyrisuolattu kala

French

Poisson en saumure

German

Gepökelter Fisch

Greek

Psari pasto se vareli

Icelandic

Pækilsaltaður fiskur

Italian

Pesce salato in barile

Japanese

Tanku-zuke, Kairyô-zuke

Norwegian

Fisk saltet i tønner eller kummer

Polish

Ryba w zalewie solnej

Portuguese

Peixe tratado em salmoira

Russian

Соленая рыба в маринаде

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

Fatsaltad fisk, Lakesaltad fisk

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Caviar that has been immersed in a saturated salt brine pickle before packing.

Danish

 

Dutch

Kaviaar gedompield in pekel

English

Pickled grainy caviar

Finnish

Kovasuolattu kaviaari

French

Caviar en grains saumuré

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

Salthrogn

Italian

Caviale marinato

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

Ziarnisty kawior po kapieli solankowej

Portuguese

Caviar salmourado

Russian

Соленая зернистая икра

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Caviar escabechado

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Gutted herring, dry salted in barrels to cure in the pickle that is formed; for a mild cure the pickle is maintained at 90ºC brine strength; for hard cure, maintained at 100ºC: Scotch cured herring, Alaska scotch cured herring.

Danish

Saltsild

Dutch

Pekelharing

English

Pickled herring

Finnish

Suolasilli

French

Hareng saumuré

German

Salzhering aus dem Fass

Greek

 

Icelandic

Saltsıld

Italian

Aringa marinata

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Saltsild

Polish

Śledź solony z beczki

Portuguese

Arenque em salmoira

Russian

Маринованная соленая сельдь

Serbo-Croat

Soljena heringa, Marinirana heringa

Spanish

Arenque escabechado

Swedish

Saltad sill

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
¹)
Pacific salmon, washed, headed, split and pickle cured before packing in barrels.
²) Pieces of salmon fillet salted and cooked with vinegar and spices and packed in glass jars.
See Salmon.

Danish

 

Dutch

Gezouten zalm

English

Pickled salmon, Hard salted salmon

Finnish

Suolalohi

French

Saumon saumuré

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

Saltlax

Italian

Salmone marinato

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Saltet laks

Polish

Mocno solony łosoś pacyficzny w beczkach

Portuguese

Salmão em salmoira

Russian

Маринованный лосось

Serbo-Croat

Solijeni losos, Marinirani losos

Spanish

Salmon escabechado

Swedish

Saltad lax

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
See South American pilchard (Sardinops sagax).

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Picton herring

Finnish

Australian sardini

French

Sardinops d'Australie

German

Australische Sardine

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

Sardina australiana

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

Sardynka australijska

Portuguese

Sardinopa da Australia

Russian

Австралийско-новозеландский сардина

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

Australisk sardin

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Pholas spp.

Danish

Knivmusling

Dutch

Boormossel

English

Piddock

Finnish

Nävertäjäsimpukka

French

 

German

Bohrmuschel

Greek

Solinas

Icelandic

 

Italian

Folade

Japanese

Kamomegai

Norwegian

 

Polish

Skałotocz (małż)

Portuguese

Taralhão

Russian

Фалада, Камнеточец

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

Borrmussla

Turkish

Folas

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Orthopristis chrysoptera

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Pigfish

Finnish

 

French

Goret mule

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

Korokara meksykanska

Portuguese

Roncador-mexicano

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Corocoro burro

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Carperea marginata

Danish

 

Dutch

Dwerwalvis

English

Pygmy right whale, Pigmy whale

Finnish

 

French

 

German

Zwergglattwal

Greek

 

Icelandic

Dverghvalur

Italian

Balena pigmea

Japanese

Kosemikujira

Norwegian

Dverghval, Dvergretthval

Polish

 

Portuguese

Baleia-pigmeu

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

Dvärgval

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
General name for Lucioperca and stizostedion spp. (Also known as Pickerel); belong to the family Percidae (see Perch)

Danish

Sandart

Dutch

 

English

Pike-perch

Finnish

 

French

Sandre

German

Hechtbarsch, Zander

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

Lucioperca, Sandra

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Gjørs

Polish

Sandacz

Portuguese

 

Russian

Судак

Serbo-Croat

Smud

Spanish

 

Swedish

Abborrfisk

Turkish

Levrek, Sudak

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Sander lucioperca

Denmark Aquarium, Denmark
(Photos: © Johnny Jensen)

Danish

Sandart

Dutch

Snoekbaars

English

Zander, Pike-perch, Perch-pike

Finnish

Kuha

French

Sandre

German

Zander, Sandaten, Schill

Greek

Potamolavrako

Icelandic

 

Italian

Lucioperca, Sandra

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Gjørs, Gjörs

Polish

Sandacz

Portuguese

Lucioperca, Lúcio perca

Russian

Судак

Serbo-Croat

Smud, Smudj

Spanish

Lucioperca

Swedish

Gös

Turkish

Levrek, Akbalık, Sudak balığı, Uzunlevrek balığı

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Esox lucius

Silkeborg, Denmark
(Photos: © Johnny Jensen)

Danish

Gedde

Dutch

Snoek

English

Northern pike, Pike

Finnish

Hauki

French

Brochet du nord, Brouché, Brouchet, Brouchetta, Lancerons, Poignards

German

Hecht, Europäischer Hecht, Flußhecht, Hechten, Heichit

Greek

Toúrna

Icelandic

Gedda

Italian

Luccio

Japanese

Kawakamasu

Norwegian

Gjedde

Polish

Szczupak

Portuguese

Lúcio

Russian

Щука

Serbo-Croat

Stuka

Spanish

Lucio

Swedish

Gädda

Turkish

Turna baligi

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Esox americanus vermiculatus

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Grass pickerel

Finnish

 

French

Brochet vermiculé

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

Szczupak amerykanski

Portuguese

 

Russian

Щука

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

Gräspickerel, Maskalungen

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Esox masquinongy

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Muskellunge, Maskinonge, Mascalonge

Finnish

Jättihauki

French

 

German

Muskellunge

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

Щука

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

Maskalung

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Esox niger

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Chain pickerel

Finnish

Mustahauki

French

Brochet maillé

German

Amerikanischer Hecht

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Svartgjedde

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

Щука

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

Kedjepickerel, Svartgädda

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Sardina pilchardus

Danish

Sardin

Dutch

Pelser, Sardien, Sardientje

English

European pilchard, Sardine

Finnish

Sardiini

French

Sardine d'Europe, Sardine commune

German

Pilchard, Sardine

Greek

Sardélla, Sardela

Icelandic

Sardína, Sardinur

Italian

Sardina

Japanese

Iwashi, Maiwashi, Sardinopa

Norwegian

Sardin

Polish

Sardynka europejska

Portuguese

Sardinha, Sardinopa-chilena

Russian

Европейская (марроканская обыкновенная) сардина, Сардина-пильчард

Serbo-Croat

Srdela, Sardela, Srdjela

Spanish

Sardina, Pilchard, Parrocha, Sardiña, Xouba

Swedish

Europeisk sardin, Sardin

Turkish

Sardalya baligi, Sardalya, Ates baligi

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Naucrates ductor

Danish

Lodsfisk

Dutch

Loodsmannetje

English

Pilotfish

Finnish

Luotsikala

French

Poisson pilote

German

Lotsenfisch

Greek

Gofari, Kolaouzos

Icelandic

 

Italian

Pesce pilota, Fanfano, Lombria

Japanese

Burimodoki

Norwegian

Losfisk

Polish

Ryba pilot, Pilot

Portuguese

Peixe-piloto, Piloto

Russian

Рыба-лоцман

Serbo-Croat

Pratibrod, Fanfan, Skusac

Spanish

Pez piloto, Vairó

Swedish

Pilotfisk, Lotsfisk

Turkish

Kilavuz, Kilavuz baligi, Malta palamutu, Maltapalamudu

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Globicephala melaena
See also Whales.

Danish

Grindehval

Dutch

Griend

English

Pilot whale

Finnish

Grindvalas

French

Globicéphale

German

Grindwale

Greek

 

Icelandic

Marsvın, Grindhvalur

Italian

Globicefalo

Japanese

Ma-gondo

Norwegian

Grindhval

Polish

Grindwal

Portuguese

Boca de-panele

Russian

Обыкновенная гринда

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Calderón

Swedish

Grindval

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Un-gutted small fish or chunks of bigger fish, usually of mackerel or tuna families, salted and boiled or steamed.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Pindang (Indonesia)

Finnish

 

French

Pindang (Indonésie)

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Lagodon rhomboides

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Pinfish, Bream, Salt-water bream

Finnish

 

French

Sar salème

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Sargo salema

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Caprodon longimanus

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Pink maomao

Finnish

 

French

 

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Oncorhynchus gorbuscha

Harrison River, Bristish Columbia, Canada
(Photo: © Johnny Jensen)

Danish

Pukkellaks

Dutch

Pink zalm, Rode zalm, Roze zalm

English

Pink salmon, Humpback salmon

Finnish

Kyttyrälohi

French

Saumon rose, Saumon rose à bosse

German

Buckellachs, Buckelkopflachs, Gorbuscha-Lachs, Rosa Lachs

Greek

Solomós

Icelandic

Bleiklax, Hnúðlax

Italian

Salmone rosa

Japanese

Sepparimasu, Masu, Karafutomasu

Norwegian

Pukkellaks

Polish

Gorbuza

Portuguese

Salmão-rosa

Russian

Горбуша

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Salmon rosado

Swedish

Puckellax

Turkish

Pembe alabalik

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
The name 'Crevette rose' (French) applies to Palaemon serratus (Common prawn). The name Pink shrimp is used for a number of species in different parts of the oceans.
Pandalus montagui, Pandalus jordani, Pandalus borealis, Penaeus duorarum, Penaeus brevirostris.

Danish

Reje

Dutch

Garnaal

English

Pink shrimp

Finnish

Katkarapu

French

Crevette rose

German

Tiefseegarnele, Tiefseekrabbe

Greek

Garída kókkini

Icelandic

Rækja

Italian

Gambero di fondale

Japanese

Hokkai-ebi, Toyamaebi

Norwegian

Reke

Polish

Krewetka głębokokowodna

Portuguese

Camarão

Russian

Глубоководная креветка

Serbo-Croat

Kozica

Spanish

Gamba rosada

Swedish

Räka

Turkish

Pembe karides

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Trigla lyra

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Piper gurnard, Piper

Finnish

Piikkikurnusimppu

French

Grondin lyre

German

Leierknurrhahn, Leye-knurrhahn

Greek

Kapóni, Lyrokaponi

Icelandic

Urrari

Italian

Capone lira

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Knurr, Lyreknurr

Polish

Kurek jeżyk

Portuguese

Cabra-lira, Bode, Peixe-cabra

Russian

Тригла, Тригла-лира

Serbo-Croat

Lastavica-koste jača, Kokot krkaja

Spanish

Garneo, Garneu, Piper

Swedish

Lyrknot

Turkish

Öksüz, Öksüz baligi

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Plebidonax deltoides

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Pipi

Finnish

 

French

 

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Variety of Garum made in Nice area of France.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Pissala (France)

Finnish

 

French

Pissala

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

Pissala

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

Pissala

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

Pissala

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Pleuronectes platessa

Denmark Aquarium, Denmark
(Photo: © Johnny Jensen)

Danish

Rødspætte

Dutch

Schol

English

European plaice, Plaice, Hen fish, Plaice-fluke

Finnish

Punakampela

French

Plie, Carrelet, Plie commune, Plie d'Europe

German

Scholle, Goldbutt, Schullen

Greek

Glossáki-chomatída, Fasi Atlantikou, Glossá-chomatída

Icelandic

Skarkoli

Italian

Passera, Solla

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Rødspette, Gullflyndre

Polish

Gładzica

Portuguese

Solha

Russian

Морская камбала

Serbo-Croat

Iverak

Spanish

Solla, Palaia anglesa, Solla europa

Swedish

Rödspotta, Rödspätta, Skålla

Turkish

Pisi balığı, Beneklipisi balığı

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Pleuronectes quadrituberculatus

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Alaska plaice

Finnish

 

French

Plie d'Alaska

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

Tsunogarei

Norwegian

 

Polish

Gladzica alaskanska

Portuguese

Solha-do-Alasca

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Orcynopsis unicolor
See also Bonito.

Danish

Ustribet pelamide

Dutch

Bonito, Boniter

English

Plain bonito

Finnish

Juovaton sarda

French

Palomette, Palomète

German

Einfarb-Pelamide, Ungestreifter Pelamide

Greek

Pelamída monóchromi, Orkinopalamida

Icelandic

 

Italian

Palamita bianca, Palamitu

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Ustripet pelamide

Polish

Orcyn

Portuguese

Palmeta, Palometa

Russian

Одноцветный бонито, Паломета

Serbo-Croat

Pastirica atlantska

Spanish

Tasarte, Tasarte ojon

Swedish

Ostrimmig bonito, Ostrimmig pelamid

Turkish

Akpalamut baligi

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Headed, gutted fish or pieces of fish salted and then fermented.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Pla-ra (Thailand)

Finnish

 

French

Pla-ra (Thaïlande)

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Gutted fish, salted and then boiled in saturated brine.
See also Shakeii (Taiwan)

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Pla thu nung (Thailand)

Finnish

 

French

Pla thu nung (Thaïlande)

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Boiled, smoked, seasoned fish product.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Podpod (Philippines)

Finnish

 

French

Podpod (Philippines)

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Boreogadus saida

Danish

Polartorsk, Uvak

Dutch

Arctische kabeljauw, Poolkabeljauw

English

Polar cod, Arctic cod

Finnish

Jäämerenseiti

French

Morue polaire, Cabillaud, Morue arctique, Saïda

German

Polardorsch

Greek

 

Icelandic

Ískóð

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Polartorsk

Polish

Dorszyk polarny a. sajka

Portuguese

Bacalhau polar, Bacalhau-polar

Russian

Сайка, Полярная тресочка

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Bacalao polar

Swedish

Polartorsk

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Pollachius pollachius

Denmark
(Photos: © Johnny Jensen)

Danish

Lubbe, Blåsej

Dutch

Pollak, Witte koolvis

English

Pollack, Callagh, Coalfish, Dover hake, Grass whiting, Green pollack, Greenfish, Lythe, Margate hake

Finnish

Lyyraturska

French

Lieu jaune, Colin, Merlan, Merluche blanche

German

Pollack

Greek

Bakaliaros

Icelandic

Lýr

Italian

Merluzzo giallo

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Lyr

Polish

Rdzawiec, Grazniak

Portuguese

Juliana, Paloco, Bacalhau

Russian

Поллак, Серебристая сайда, Люр

Serbo-Croat

Ugotica (sjeverna, atlanska)

Spanish

Abadejo, Badexo, Pollack

Swedish

Bleka, Lyrtorsk

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Coregonus clupeaformis

Danish

Helt

Dutch

Marene

English

Lake whitefish

Finnish

Siika, Sillisiika

French

Corégon de lac, Corégone cisco

German

Felchen, Maräne

Greek

Koregonos

Icelandic

 

Italian

Coregone

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Sik

Polish

 

Portuguese

Coregono, Coregono-de-lago

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Coregono

Swedish

Kanadasik

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
¹) Name used for Saithe (Pollachius virens), Especially in N. America and ICNAF statistics.
²) Name also used for Pollack (Pollachius pollachius).
³) See also Alaska pollack (Theragra chalcogrammus).
All three species belong to the family Gadidae.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Pollock

Finnish

 

French

 

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Brama japonica

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Pacific pomfret

Finnish

Voikala

French

Castagnole du Pacifique

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

Shimagatsuo

Norwegian

 

Polish

Brama japonska

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

Stillahavsbrax

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Taractichthys longipinnis

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Bigscale pomfret, Long-finned bream

Finnish

 

French

Castagnole fauchoir

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

Xaputa-galhuda

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Cangullo, Peje tostón

Swedish

Långfenad pomfret

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Stromateus fiatola

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Blue butterfish, Butterfish, Fiatolon

Finnish

Voikala

French

Fiatole

German

 

Greek

Pseftolitsa

Icelandic

 

Italian

Fieto

Japanese

Managatsuo

Norwegian

 

Polish

Zuwak fiatola

Portuguese

Godinho, Pâmpano, Pampo, Pampo-godinho

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

Divlja bilizma

Spanish

Palometa fiatola, Pámpano

Swedish

Blå smörfisk, Fiatola, Smörfisk

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Parastromateus niger

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Black pomfret, False butterfish

Finnish

 

French

Castagnoline noire

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

Kuroaji-modoki

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

Falso-pampo

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Palometa negra

Swedish

Svart pomfret

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Trachinotus carolinus

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Florida pompano

Finnish

Pompano

French

Pompaneau sole

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

Kobanaji

Norwegian

Pompano

Polish

Sierpnik karolinski

Portuguese

Sereia-da-Florida, Sereia

Russian

Круглый помпано, Круглый трахинот

Serbo-Croat

Lica modrulia

Spanish

Palometa, Pámpano amarillo

Swedish

Pompano

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Trachinotus falcatus

Panama
(Photos: © Johnny Jensen)

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Permit

Finnish

Sinipompano

French

Pompaneau plume

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Blå taggmakrell

Polish

Sierpnik okragly

Portuguese

Sereia-de-pluma

Russian

Круглый помпано, Круглый трахинот

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Pámpano palometa

Swedish

Blå taggmakrill

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Trachinotus ovatus

Danish

Gaffelmakrel

Dutch

 

English

Derbio, Pompano

Finnish

 

French

Palomine, Liche

German

 

Greek

Litsa, Mavrolitsa

Icelandic

 

Italian

Leccia stella

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Gaffelmakrell

Polish

Glalka

Portuguese

Camochilo, Pámpano blanco, Sereia-camochilo

Russian

Круглый помпано, Круглый трахинот

Serbo-Croat

Lica modrulja

Spanish

Palometa blanca, Sorell de penya

Swedish

Blå gaffelmakrill

Turkish

Yaladerma balığı

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Peprilus simillimus

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Pacific pompano, Pacific butterfish

Finnish

 

French

Stromaté argenté

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

Pâmpano-do-Pacífico

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Palometa plateada

Swedish

Stillahavspompano

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Hypomesus olidus

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Pond smelt

Finnish

Lampikuore

French

Éperlan du Japon, Éperlan à petite bouche, Éperlan

German

Kleinmäuliger Stint, Nudelfisch

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

Ishikarai-wakasagi

Norwegian

 

Polish

Stynka malousta

Portuguese

Eperlano-do-Pacífico

Russian

Обыкновенная малоротая корюшка, Речная малоротая корюшка

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Trisopterus minutus

Danish

Glyse

Dutch

Dwergbolk

English

Poor cod

Finnish

Pikkuturska

French

Capelan de Mediterranée, Capailla, Capelan de france, Capelin, Petit tacaud

German

Zwergdorsch

Greek

Sýko, Bacaliaráki sýko, Fíghi

Icelandic

Dvergþorskur

Italian

Merluzzo cappellano, Asinello, Busbano, Cappellano, Figarotto, Merluzzetta, Mormoro, Pesce mudo

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Sypike

Polish

Karlik

Portuguese

Fanecão

Russian

Обыкновенный капелан, Сипика

Serbo-Croat

Mol, Ugotica mala

Spanish

Mollera, Capella, Capellán, Faneca menor, Mòllera rossa, Poor cod

Swedish

Glyskolja

Turkish

Mezgit

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Lamna nasus

Danish

Sildehaj

Dutch

Haringhaai, Neushaai

English

Porbeagle, Beaumaris shark

Finnish

Sillihai

French

Requin-taupe commun

German

Heringshai

Greek

Karcharías, Skylopsaro, Lamia

Icelandic

Hámeri

Italian

Smeriglio

Japanese

Mokazame

Norwegian

Håbrand, Håbrann

Polish

Zarłacz śledziowy

Portuguese

Tubarâo-sardo

Russian

Атлантическая сельдевая акула, Ламна

Serbo-Croat

Psina atlanska, Kučina

Spanish

Cailón marrajo, Cailón, Marraix, Marrajo, Marrajo sardinero

Swedish

Sillhaj, Håbrand, Håbrandshaj

Turkish

Dikburun karkarias, Dikburunkarkarias baligi

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Name commonly employed for Sea bream in N. America.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Porgy

Finnish

 

French

 

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Anisotremus virginicus

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Porkfish

Finnish

Röhkijäkala

French

Lippu rondeau

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

Kuroobidai

Norwegian

Svinfisk

Polish

Luszczyk wirginski

Portuguese

Roncador-listado-americano

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Burro catalina

Swedish

Svinfisk

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Phocoena phocoena

Danish

Marsvin

Dutch

Bruinvis

English

Porpoise, Common porpoise, Harbour porpoise

Finnish

Pyöriäinen

French

Marsouin

German

Kleiner Tümmler, Schweinsfisch

Greek

Phókia

Icelandic

Hnísa

Italian

Focena, Marsuino

Japanese

Iruka

Norwegian

Nise

Polish

Morświn

Portuguese

Boto

Russian

Морская свинья, Бурый дельфин

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Focena

Swedish

Tumlare

Turkish

Fok

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Crassostrea angulata
See also Oyster.

Danish

Portugisisk østers

Dutch

Portugese oester

English

Portuguese oyster

Finnish

Portugalinosteri

French

Huître Portugaise

German

Portugiesische Auster

Greek

Strídia portogallicá

Icelandic

P. ostra

Italian

Ostrica portoghese

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Portugisisk østers

Polish

Ostryga portugaiska

Portuguese

Ostra-portuguesa

Russian

Портуяальская устрица

Serbo-Croat

Kamenica portugalska

Spanish

Ostión, Ostra portuguesa

Swedish

Portugisiskt ostron

Turkish

Portekiz istridyesi

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Trisopterus luscus
See also Norway pout.

Northsea Aquarium, Denmark
(Photo: © Johnny Jensen)

Danish

Skægtorsk

Dutch

Steenbolk

English

Pouting, Pout, Bib, Whiting-pout

Finnish

Partaturska

French

Tacaud commun, Barraud, Gade, Guidon, Guitan moulek, Officier, Plouse, Poule de mer

German

Franzosendorsch, Bartdorsch

Greek

Bakaliaros, Bakallaraki, Mpakaliaraki

Icelandic

 

Italian

Merluzzo francese, Merluzzetto bruno

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Skieggtorsk, Skjeggtorsk

Polish

Bielmik

Portuguese

Faneca, Falsos-alabotes

Russian

Люска, Французская тресочка

Serbo-Croat

Ugotica mala

Spanish

Faneca, Mòllera fosca

Swedish

Skäggtorsk

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
See Blue Whiting.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Poutassou
Finnish  
French Poutassou
German  
Greek  
Icelandic  
Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Young of several spp. of fish, especially Atherinidae (see Silverside).
May be fried or used for making Pissala.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Poutine (France)

Finnish

 

French

Poutine

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Coregonus lavaretus

Kotka, Finland
(Photo: © Johnny Jensen)

Danish

Helt

Dutch

Grote marene

English

Common whitefish, Powan, European whitefish, Houting, Lavaret, Pollan, Schelly

Finnish

Vaellussiika, Siika

French

Corégone lavaret, Lavaret, Lavaret du Bourget

German

Lavaret, Blaufelchen, Große Maräne, Kleine Maräne

Greek

Korigonos

Icelandic

 

Italian

Lavereto, Coregone, Lavarello

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Sik

Polish

Sieja, Sieja a. brzona, Sieja wedrowna

Portuguese

Coregono-lavareda

Russian

Проходной сиг

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

Lavaretsik, Älvsik, Aspsik, Blåsik, Planktonsik, Valaamsik, Storsik, Peledsik

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Fermented fish paste, made from Cyprinidae (see Carp).

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Prahoc (Cambodia)

Finnish

 

French

Prahoc (Cambodge)

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
¹) The terms Prawn and shrimp are often used indiscriminately, but commercially 'prawn' refers to the larger species or individuals; thought the name shrimp is also used in connection with them, 'prawn' particularly refers to Pandalidae and Palaemonidae.
²) In the U.K. only, those species or individuals greater than a clearly specified size may be designated Prawn. Legislation exists which gives a maximum count for both whole prawns and other forms (see shrimp).
³) The name Prawn might also be used for Norway lobster (Nephrops norvegicus).
See Common prawn.

Danish

Reje

Dutch

Garnaal

English

Prawn

Finnish

Katkarapu

French

Crevette

German

Krabbe, Garnele

Greek

Garída

Icelandic

Rækja

Italian

Gamberello

Japanese

Ebi

Norwegian

Reke

Polish

Krewetki, Garnele

Portuguese

Camarão, Gamba

Russian

Ловля креветки

Serbo-Croat

Kozica

Spanish

Camarón, Quisquilla

Swedish

Räka

Turkish

Karides

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
The residue after the pressing stage in the manufacture of fish meal and oil from fatty fish; contains about 60% water and 4 to 5% oil; it is usually further dried and ground to make meal.

Danish

Pressekage

Dutch

Perskoek, Filterkoek

English

Press cake

Finnish

Puristekakku

French

Gateau de presse

German

Presskuchen

Greek

 

Icelandic

Pressukaka

Italian

Residui di pesce pressati

Japanese

Shime-kasu

Norwegian

Presskake

Polish

Prasowane ciastka z mączki rybnej

Portuguese

Pasta de peixe prensado

Russian

Прессованный брикет

Serbo-Croat

Prešani kolač, Ribljeg brašna

Spanish

Torta de pescado

Swedish

Presskaka

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Whole pilchards, dry salted packed in barrels and pressed to about one-third of the original bulk; further fish are added to the barrel and the pressing continued until the barrel is full.

Danish

 

Dutch

Geperste pilchards

English

Pressed pilchards

Finnish

 

French

Pilchards pressés

German

Gepresste Pilchards

Greek

Alípasti, sárdella toú

Icelandic

 

Italian

Sardine pressate

Japanese

Assaku-iwashi

Norwegian

 

Polish

Prasowane w beczce sardynki

Portuguese

Sardinhas prensades

Russian

Прессованные сардины

Serbo-Croat

Soljena srdela, Srdela soljena dalmatinskim ili grčkim načinom

Spanish

Sardinas prensadas

Swedish

Pressad sardin

Turkish

Kutu sardalya

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Sphoeroides maculatus

Long Island, New York, USA
(Photos: © Johnny Jensen)

Danish

Nordlig kuglefisk, Kuffertfisk

Dutch

 

English

Puffer, Northern puffer, Swellfish

Finnish

Pallokala

French

Compère, Compère bigarè

German

Kugelfisch

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

Tetradonte

Japanese

Fugu

Norwegian

 

Polish

Rozdymka, Sferynka

Portuguese

Baiacu, Peixe-bola, Peixe-bola-do-norte

Russian

Рыба-шар

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Tamboril norteño

Swedish

Blåsfisk

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Mercenaria mercenaria
See also Clam.

Danish

 

Dutch

Venusschelp

English

Quahaug, Quahog, Round clam

Finnish

 

French

Praire

German

Venusmuschel

Greek

Ahiváda

Icelandic

 

Italian

Vongola dura

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

Małż venus

Portuguese

Clame

Russian

Мерценария

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Chlamys opercularis
See also Scallop.

Danish

Kammusling

Dutch

Kammossel, Wijde mantel

English

Queen scallop, Queen escallop, Queen

Finnish

Kampasimpukka

French

Vanneau

German

Kamm-Muschel

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

Pettini

Japanese

Akazaragai

Norwegian

Haneskjell

Polish

Przegrzebek królewski

Portuguese

Leque

Russian

Королевский гребешок

Serbo-Croat

Česljača

Spanish

Volandeira

Swedish

Kammussla

Turkish

Tarak

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Seriphus politus

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Queenfish, Queen croaker

Finnish

 

French

Courbine reine

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Corvina reina

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Paste prepared from starchy substance, eggs , fat and white meat of animals including freshwater fish and presented in a rolled form. Often canned.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Quenelles (France)

Finnish

 

French

Quenelles

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Carpiodes cyprinus

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Quillback

Finnish

Sulkaimukarppi

French

Brème (Canada)

German

Stachelrücken-Karpfensauger

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

Sugkarp, Amerikansk sugkarp

Turkish

Vantuzlu baligi

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
See Chinook.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Quinnat salmon (Pacific)

Finnish

 

French

Saumon royal (Pacifique)

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
See Chimaera.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Rabbit fish

Finnish

 

French

Chimère commune

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Sides of flatfish, especially halibut, with a fat content of about 2%, cut into long narrow strands about 1 in. (2,5 cm), wide and left joined at collarbone, brine-salted and air-dried.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Rackling (U.K.)

Finnish

 

French

 

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

Riklingur

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Rekling

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Oncorhynchus mykiss

Duncan, Vancouver Island, British Columbia, Canada
(Photos: © Johnny Jensen)

Danish

Regnbueørred, Stålhovedørred, Steelhead

Dutch

Regenboogforel

English

Rainbow trout, Coast angel trout, Kamloops trout, Steelhead trout, Summer salmon

Finnish

Kirjolohi, Teräsääokirjolohi

French

Truite arc-en-ciel

German

Regenbogenforelle, Forelle, Stahlkopfforelle

Greek

Pestropha, Amerikaniki Pestrofa

Icelandic

Regnbogasilungur, Urriöi

Italian

Trota iridea, Trota

Japanese

Nijimasu, Masu

Norwegian

Regnbueørret, Orret, Regnbueaure

Polish

Pstrag teczowy

Portuguese

Truta-arco-íris, Truta

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

Pastrva

Spanish

Trucha arco iris, Salmones del Pacífico, Trucha

Swedish

Regnbågsöring, Regnbåge

Turkish

Alabalik türü, Alabalik

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Fresh water trout, gutted, lightly salted and fermented.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Rakørret (Norway)

Finnish

 

French

Rakørret (Norvège)

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Rakørret

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Hydrolagus colliei

Danish

 

Dutch

Rattenvis, Zeerat

English

Ratfish, Chimaera, Elephant fish

Finnish

 

French

Chimère d'Amérique, Chimère tachetée, Chimère, Spotted ratfish

German

Rattenfisch, Seeratte

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

Chimaera elefante

Japanese

Ginzame

Norwegian

 

Polish

Chimera amerykanska

Portuguese

Ratazana americana, Quimera-americana

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Quimera manchada

Swedish

Brunaktig havsmus, Vitfläckig havsmus

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
The name Ray has been generally applied to various families and species of the order Rajiformes (Batoidei), but more particularly refers to species of the family Rajidae; it is generally used synonymously with Skate.
Various species of Rajidae are listed under individual names: Blonde, Cuckoo ray, Painted ray, Sandy ray, Shagreen ray, Spotted ray, Starry ray, Thornback ray, Undulate ray.

Danish

Rokke, Skade

Dutch

Rog, Vleet

English

Ray

Finnish

Rausku

French

Raie et pocheteau

German

Rochen, Echter Rochen

Greek

Seláchi

Icelandic

Skata, Lóskata

Italian

Razza

Japanese

El, Kasube, Gangiei

Norwegian

Stake, Rokke

Polish

Raja

Portuguese

 

Russian

Скатообразные

Serbo-Croat

Raža, Pas glavonja

Spanish

Raya

Swedish

Rocka

Turkish

Vatoz

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Brama brama

Danish

Havbrasen

Dutch

Braam

English

Atlantic pomfret, Ray's bream, Angel fish, Black sea bream, Lestia

Finnish

Merilahna

French

Grande castagnole

German

Brachsenmakrele

Greek

Léstika, Thalasomprama

Icelandic

Stóri bramafiskur, Bramafiskur

Italian

Pesce castagna

Japanese

Echiopia, Shimagatsuo

Norwegian

Havbrase, Havbrasme

Polish

Brama

Portuguese

Xaputa

Russian

Морской лещ (Атлантический)

Serbo-Croat

Grboglavka, Plotica morska

Spanish

Japuta, Castañeta, Castanyola, Palometa negra

Swedish

Havsbrax, Rays havsbraxen

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Solen marginatus

Danish

Knivmusling

Dutch

Scheermes, Meerschede

English

Razor shell

Finnish

Veitsisimpukka

French

Couteau

German

Meerscheide, Scheiden-Muschel

Greek

Solína

Icelandic

 

Italian

Cannolicchío

Japanese

Mategai

Norwegian

Knivskjell

Polish

Soleny, Nożenki (małże)

Portuguese

Longueirão, Canivete

Russian

Двустворка-черенки

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Navaja, Longeirón, Muergo

Swedish

Knivmussla, Skidmussla

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Important group of seaweeds; source of Agar or Carregeenin.
See also Irish moss.

Danish

Rødalge

Dutch

Roodwier

English

Red algae

Finnish

Punalevä

French

Algue rouge

German

Rotalge

Greek

Kókkino phýki

Icelandic

Rauðþörungur

Italian

Alga rossa

Japanese

Kosorui

Norwegian

Rødalge

Polish

Krasnorosty (algi)

Portuguese

Alga vermelha

Russian

Красная морская водоросль

Serbo-Croat

Crvene alge

Spanish

Alga roja

Swedish

Rödalg

Turkish

Kirmizi alga

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Emmelichthys nitidus nitidus

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Redbait, Bonnetmouth, Cape bonnetmouth

Finnish

 

French

Andorrève du Cap

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

Krasniak koralowy

Portuguese

Peixe-rubi-do-Índico

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Andorrero del Cabo, Cardenal

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Beryx decadactylus

Danish

Nordisk beryx

Dutch

Roodbaars

English

Alfonsino, Red bream, Cuvier's berycid fish, Imperador

Finnish

Limapää, Pohjanlimapää

French

Béryx commun, Béryx, Dorade rose

German

Kaiserbarsch, Beryx

Greek

Kokinopsaro

Icelandic

Rauðserkur

Italian

Berice rosso

Japanese

Nanyôkinme

Norwegian

Brudefisk, Beryx

Polish

Beryks krepy

Portuguese

Imperador

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Alfonsino palometón, Alfonsiño, Castañeta roxa, Palometa roja, Red bream (Berix)

Swedish

Större beryx, Nordisk beryx

Turkish

Çipra, Çipura, Çupra

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Caviar substitute made from salmon eggs.

Danish

Laksekaviar

Dutch

Zalmkaviaar, Rode raviaar

English

Red caviar (N. America)

Finnish

Punainen kaviaari, Lohen mäti

French

Caviar rouge (Amerique du Nord)

German

Keta-Kaviar, Roter Kaviar

Greek

Kókkino chaviári (brique)

Icelandic

Laxa kaviár

Italian

Caviali di salmone

Japanese

Ikura

Norwegian

Laksekaviar

Polish

Czerwony kawior

Portuguese

Caviar vermelho

Russian

Красная икра

Serbo-Croat

Crveni kavijar

Spanish

Caviar de salmón

Swedish

Laxkaviar

Turkish

Kırmızı kavijar