Scientific name:
Broiled product made from sardine or herring.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Inasal (Philippines)

Finnish

 

French

Inasal (Philippines)

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian  
Japanese  
Norwegian
Polish  
Portuguese  
Russian  
Serbo-Croat  
Spanish  
Swedish

 

Turkish  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Stenodus leucichthys

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Inconnu, Beloribitsa

Finnish

Nelma

French

Inconnu, Sténode blanc

German

Weisslachs

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Nelma

Polish

Białorybica, Nelma

Portuguese

 

Russian

Нельма, Белорыбица

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Salmon Blanco

Swedish

Vitlax, Siklax

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Brined salmon sides or strips of meat, hard smoked for about two weeks, at temperatures not higher than 21ºC to 36ºC.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Indian cure salmon, Beleke, Hard smoked salmon, Indian hard cured salmon, Indian style salmon (U.S.A.)

Finnish

 

French

Saumon à l'indienne, Beleke, Saumon fortement fume, Indian hard cured salmon (E.U.)

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Rastrelliger brachysoma
See also Colombo cure, and Daeng (Philippines).

Danish

 

Dutch

Indische makreel

English

Short mackerel, Indian mackerel

Finnish

 

French

Maquereau trapu, Maquereau du Pacifique

German

Indische Makrele

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

Sgombro indiano

Japanese

A gurukuma

Norwegian

 

Polish

Kanagurta krepa

Portuguese

Cavala-do-Indico, Cavala-curta

Russian

Тропические скумбрин

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Caballa rechoncha

Swedish

Mindre makrill

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Neomeris phocaenoides
See Porpoise.

Danish

 

Dutch

Indische bruinvis

English

Indian porpoise

Finnish

 

French

 

German

Indischer Tümmler

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

Toninha

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Usually fish caught specifically for reduction into meal and oil; in some countries it might also refer to fish used for other processing (e.g. canning). Also used synonymously to Trash fish.
See also Fish waste.

Danish

Industrifisk

Dutch

Voedervis, Industrievis

English

Industrial fish

Finnish

Teollisuuskala, Rehulaatu

French

 

German

Futterfisch, Industriefisch

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Industrifisk

Polish

Ryba przemysłowa łowiona głównie na cele paszowe

Portuguese

Peixe para farinha

Russian

Промысловая рыба

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

Industrifisk

Turkish

Endustriyel balık

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Blackish-coloured liquid released by Cephalopoda into the surrounding water when danger threatens; sometimes used in the sauce when canning Cephalopoda.

Danish

 

Dutch

Inkt

English

Ink

Finnish

Mustekalan muste

French

Encre

German

Tinte

Greek

Meláni

Icelandic

Blek (úr smokkfisk)

Italian

Nero di seppia, Inchiostro

Japanese

Sumi, Bokujû

Norwegian

Blekk (fra blekksprut)

Polish

Ciemny płyn gruczołu mątwy, Atrament, Sepia

Portuguese

Tinta

Russian

Сепия (жидкость выпускаемая каракатицей)

Serbo-Croat

Crnilo glavonozaca

Spanish

Tinta

Swedish

Bläck (från bläckfisk)

Turkish

Mürekkep

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Chondrus crispus
Red algae harvested and dried as a source of Carrageenin.

Danish

Irsk mos

Dutch

Iers mos

English

Irish moss, Carrageen, Carrageen moss

Finnish

Irlannin levä

French

Carraghéen

German

Irisches Moos

Greek

 

Icelandic

Fjörugrös

Italian

Muschio irlandese

Japanese

Tsunomata, Sugi-nori, Shikinnori

Norwegian

Krusflik, Vorteflik

Polish

Czerwona alga, Irlandzki mech

Portuguese

Carragenina

Russian

Ирландский лишайник

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Carragahen

Swedish

Irländsk mossa

Turkish

Irlanda yosunu

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
A method for preserving fish by exposure to ionising radiation from radioactive isotopes or an electron source. At pasteurisation doses of 150,000 to 450,000 rads over 90% of the spoilage bacteria are killed and the shelf life to the fish at 0ºC to 20ºC is extended by about 2 weeks.
See also Pasteurised fish.

Danish

Bestråling

Dutch

Bestraling

English

Irradiation

Finnish

Säteilysäilöntä

French

Irradiation

German

Bestrahlung, Bestrahlungskonservierung

Greek

 

Icelandic

Geislun

Italian

Irradiazione

Japanese

Shôsha

Norwegian

Bestråling

Polish

Napromieniowanie

Portuguese

Irradiação

Russian

Иррадиация

Serbo-Croat

Radijacija

Spanish

Irradiación

Swedish

Strålkonservering

Turkish

Irradiyasyon

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Gelatin product from the collagen in the outer layer of the swim bladder, the best grade is reputed to be made from sturegon swim bladders, but those from cod, hake, ling and other spp. give good product; used for clarification of wine and beer, and to a lesser extent for edible jelly and adhesive manufacture.
Grades include Lyre, Heart-shaped, Leaf and Book.
See also Gelatine.

Danish

Hasblas

Dutch

Visgelatine

English

Isinglass

Finnish

Selvike uimarakosta

French

Ichtyocolle

German

Hausenblase

Greek

Ihthiókolla

Icelandic

Sundmaga-hlaup

Italian

Colla di pesce

Japanese

Gyokô

Norwegian

Husblas

Polish

Żelatyna rybna

Portuguese

Cola de peixe

Russian

Рыбный желатин

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Cola de pescado

Swedish

Husbloss

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Heavily salted anchovy allowed to mature over a long period.

Danish

 

Dutch

Gezouten ansjovis

English

Italian sardel

Finnish

Kovasuolattu anjovis

French

Anchois italien

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

Acciughe alla carne

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

Anchova à italiana

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

Slani incún

Spanish

 

Swedish

Sardell

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Marine sources of ivory are the toothed whales and the walrus.

Danish

Hvaltand

Dutch

Ivoor

English

Ivory

Finnish

Norsunluu, Mursunja valaiden hampaat

French

Ivoire

German

Elfenbein

Greek

Elephantostoún

Icelandic

Hvaltennur, Rostungstennur

Italian

Avorio

Japanese

Kujira no ha, Sei-uchi no ha

Norwegian

Elfenben

Polish

Kość słoniowa

Portuguese

Marfim

Russian

Слоновая кость

Serbo-Croat

Slonovača morskih zivotinja

Spanish

Marfil

Swedish

Elfenben

Turkish

Fildişi

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Other name used for Horse mackerel (Trahurus and Decapterus spp.) wich belong to the family Carangidae.
See also Scad.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Jack mackerel

Finnish

 

French

 

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

Karagöz istavrit

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Caranx spp.
Name employed for Carangidae (also designated as Scad or Pompano).

Danish

Hestemakrel

Dutch

 

English

Jack

Finnish

Piikkimakrilli

French

Carangue

German

Bastardmakrele

Greek

Kocáli

Icelandic

 

Italian

Carangidi

Japanese

Hiraaji

Norwegian

Taggmakrell

Polish

Karanks, Trewal

Portuguese

Carangídeos

Russian

Каранксы, Каранги; сериолы, Желтохвосты

Serbo-Croat

Trnobokan

Spanish

 

Swedish

Taggmakrill, Pompano

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Sebastes capensis

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Jacopever, False jacopever

Finnish

 

French

Sébaste du cap

German

Kap-Rotbarsch

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

Karmazyn przyladowy

Portuguese

Cantarilho-do-Cabo

Russian

Кармазин

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Gallineta del Cabo

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Fish flesh ground and seasoned with salt, sugar and Mirin, boiled, steamed or broiled; in some cases the surface is baked and then canned.
See Kamaboko.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Japanese canned fish pudding

Finnish

 

French

Pâté de poisson en conserve (Japon)

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

Kamaboko kanzume

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Anguilla japonica

Danish

 

Dutch

Japanse paling

English

Japanese eel

Finnish

Japaninankerias

French

Anguille du japon

German

Japanischer Aal, Asiatischer Aal

Greek

Chéli

Icelandic

Japansk áll

Italian

Anguilla giapponese

Japanese

Unagi

Norwegian

Ål

Polish

Węgorz japoński

Portuguese

Enguia japonesa

Russian

Японскнй речной угорь

Serbo-Croat

Jegulja japanska

Spanish

Anguila, Anguila japonesa

Swedish

Japansk ål

Turkish

Japon yılan balığı

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
See South American pilchard (Sardinops sagax).
See Pilchard and Sardine.

Danish

 

Dutch

Japanese pelser

English

Japanese pilchard

Finnish

Japaninsardiini

French

Sardinops du japon

German

Japanische Sardine

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

Sardina giapponese

Japanese

Iwashi

Norwegian

 

Polish

Sardynka japońska

Portuguese

Sardinopa-japonesa

Russian

Сардина-иваси

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

Japansk sardin

Turkish

Japon sardalyası

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Lateolabrax japonicus
See also Sea bass.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Japan sea bass, Perch, Japanese seaperch

Finnish

 

French

Bar du japon

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

Spigola giapponese

Japanese

Suzuki, Fukko

Norwegian

 

Polish

Japoński morski sandacz

Portuguese

Robalo japones

Russian

Японский морской судак

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

Japon levreği

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Pieces of steaks of small eels, precooked in light brine or vinegar and salt solution; packed when cool into gelatin solution or aspic in cans or glass jars; Semi-preserve (cooked fish product); also canned.
See Eel.

Danish

Ål i gele

Dutch

Paling in gelei

English

Jellied eels

Finnish

Ankeriasta geleessä

French

Anguilles en geleé

German

Aal in Gelee

Greek

 

Icelandic

Áll íhlaupi

Italian

Anguille in gelatina

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

Węgorze w galarecie

Portuguese

Enguias em geleia

Russian

Угорь в желе

Serbo-Croat

Jeguija u želeu, Jegulja u aspiku

Spanish

Anguilas en gelatina

Swedish

Ål i gelé, Inlagd ål

Turkish

Yılan balığı jölesi

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Rhopilema esculenta

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Jelly fish

Finnish

 

French

Méduse

German

Qualle

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

Kurage

Norwegian

 

Polish

Meduza

Portuguese

Medusa

Russian

Медуза

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

Deniz anasi

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Epinephelus itajara

Danish

Havaborre

Dutch

 

English

Goliath grouper, Jewfish, Esonue grouper, Giant grouper, Guasa, Spotted jewfish

Finnish

Raitameriahven, Meriahven

French

Mérou, Mérou géant, Têtard

German

Judenfisch, Zackenbarsch

Greek

Rophós

Icelandic

Vartari

Italian

Cernia gigante, Sciarrano

Japanese

Hata

Norwegian

Jødefisk, Havabbor

Polish

Itajara zmienna

Portuguese

Mero-tigre, Garoupa, Mero

Russian

Гигантский окунь, Малоглазый групер

Serbo-Croat

Bodeljka, Kirnja

Spanish

Cherna, Guaza, Mero, Mero guasa, Mero pintado

Swedish

Goliath grouper, Judefisk, Fläckig judefisk, Havsabborre

Turkish

Orfoz, Ortoz

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Small mackerel.

Danish

 

Dutch

Paapje

English

Joey

Finnish

Pikkumakrilli

French

 

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

Piccolo sgombro

Japanese

Kosaba

Norwegian

Liten makrell, Pir

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Pequeña caballa

Swedish

Spirr, Pir

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Zeus faber

Northsea Aquarium, Denmark
(Photo: © Johnny Jensen)

Danish

Sankt Petersfisk

Dutch

Zonnevis

English

John dory, Atlantic John dory, Doree, Gallocristo, Girti, St. Peter's fish

Finnish

Pietarinkala

French

Zée forgeron, Saint Pierre, Poule de mer d'eau, Dorede, Jan, Jean doré, Pèis de noste segne, Pèis Saint-Pierre, Poisson de Saint-Martin

German

Heringskönig, Petersfisch

Greek

Christopsaro

Icelandic

Pétursfiskur

Italian

Pesce San Pietro

Japanese

Matôdai

Norwegian

St. Petersfisk

Polish

Piotrosz japónski

Portuguese

Galo-japonês, Galo-negro, Peixe-galo-negro, Gall de San Pedro

Russian

Солнечниковые

Serbo-Croat

Kovac, Sanpjer

Spanish

Pez de San Pedro, Gall, Gall de la mar, Pez de San martin, San martiño, San Pedro

Swedish

Sankt Pers fisk

Turkish

Dülger balığı, Dikenlipeygamber balığı, Peygamber balığı

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Zeus capensis

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Cape dory, Cape John dory

Finnish

 

French

Saint Pierre du Cap

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

San Pedro del Cabo

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Name applied to large specimens of several spp., but particularly haddock and skate; in the United States to shrimps.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Jumbo

Finnish

 

French

 

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Eel, split, boned, steamed; then broiled with frequent dipping in Tare (thick sauce made from soy sauce, sugar, Mirin etc.): other fish (e.g. saury) may be processed in the same way (Samma Kabayaki); this product is often canned.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Kabayaki (Japan)

Finnish

 

French

Kabayaki (Japan)

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

Kabayaki

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Argyrosomus hololepidotus

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Southern meagre, Kabeljou, Mulloway

Finnish

Kotkakala

French

Maigre du sud, Courbine du Sud

German

Adlerfisch

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

Bocca d'oro

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

Kulbin

Portuguese

Corvina africana

Russian

Австралийский серебристий горбыль

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Corvina africana, Corbina

Swedish

Afrikansk havsgös

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
See (Arripis trutta)

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Kahawai, Australien salmon

Finnish

 

French

Kahawai

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

Łosos australijski, Aripis

Portuguese

Peixe-grosa-australiano

Russian

Австралийский лосось, Большой аррип

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Trade name for hot-smoked pieces of Porbeagle in Germany.
See also Speckfish.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Kalbfisch (Germany)

Finnish

 

French

Kalbfisch (Allemagne)

German

Kalbfisch

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Jelly product made by heating fish meat kneaded with salt; ingredients such as sugar, Mirin, egg albumin, and starch is usually added. Various kinds of kamaboko are produced and classified into several categories by heating method, shape or kinds of ingredients.
Fried Kamaboko (usually with starch and vegetable such as carrots or burdock added) is called Satsum-age, Age-kamaboko or Tempura.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Kamaboko (Japan)

Finnish

 

French

Kamaboko (Japon)

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

Kamaboko

Norwegian

 

Polish

Kamaboko

Portuguese

 

Russian

Камобоко

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Name employed in Japan for Lepidotrigla spp. (cosmopolitan); marketed fresh in Japan.
See also Gurnard.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Kanagashira (Gurnard)

Finnish

 

French

 

German

 

Greek

Kaponi

Icelandic

 

Italian

Caviglione

Japanese

Kangashira

Norwegian

 

Polish

Kurek kanagashira

Portuguese

Ruivo

Russian

Лепдотриглы

Serbo-Croat

Cepurljica

Spanish

Cabete

Swedish

 

Turkish

Kirlangiç

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Fermented fish paste product; similar product in Japan, Shiokara.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Kapi (Thailand)

Finnish

 

French

Kapi (Thaïlande)

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Whole or gutted fish, washed, salted and sun-dried.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Karavala (Sri Lanka)

Finnish

 

French

Karavala (Sri Lanka)

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Dried meat of skipjack (Japanese tuna sticks). Fish is cut longitudinally into four, boned, boiled simmered, then dried, shape adjusted, and defatted by enzymatic action of moulds; used as condiment.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Katsuo-bushi (Japan)

Finnish

 

French

Katsuo-bushi (Japon)

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

Katsuo-bushi

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Euthynnus affinis
See also Tuna.

Danish

Lille tun

Dutch

Dwergtonijn

English

Kawakawa, Black skipjack, Diverg-bonito, Eastern little tuna, Mackerel tuna

Finnish

 

French

Thonine orientale

German

Falscher Bonito

Greek

Karvouni

Icelandic

Túnfiskur

Italian

Tonnetto orientale

Japanese

Suma, Obosogatsuo

Norwegian

 

Polish

Tunek wschodni

Portuguese

Merma-oriental

Russian

Малый восточный тунец, Пятнистый индо-тихоокеанский тунец

Serbo-Croat

Luc

Spanish

Bacoreta oriental

Swedish

Kawakawa

Turkish

Yazili orkinos, Yazili

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Herring roe:
(a) Immersed in sea water, washed, then dried (Hoshi-Kazunoko).
(b) Immersed in sea water, washed, then drained and salted in brine or in dry salt (Shio-kazunoko).

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Kazunoko (Japan)

Finnish

 

French

Kazunoko (Japon)

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

Kazunoko

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Dish made from boiled rice, fish or meat, egg cream or butter, herbs, etc., sold canned.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Kedgeree

Finnish

 

French

Kedgeree

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Brown algae of Laminaria spp., harvested and dried as a source of Alginic acid; also for manufacture into meal for Animal feeding stuffs.
See also Kombu.

Danish

Brunalge

Dutch

Bruinzeewier

English

Kelp, Tangle, Sea cabbage

Finnish

Airolevä

French

Varech

German

Braunalge, Kelp

Greek

Laminária

Icelandic

Þsari

Italian

Laminaria

Japanese

Kombu

Norwegian

Tare, Brunalge

Polish

Brunatnice-listownice

Portuguese

Alga castanha

Russian

Бурая водоросль

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Alga parda

Swedish

Bladtång

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Salmon after spawning; see Atlantic salmon.

Danish

Nedfaldslaks

Dutch

Hengst, Ijle zalm

English

Kelt

Finnish

Kutenut lohi, Laskulohi

French

 

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

Hoplax

Italian

 

Japanese

Hotchare, Hotchari

Norwegian

 

Polish

Kelt

Portuguese

 

Russian

Отннерестившийся атлантический лосось

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

Vraklax

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
White fish, particularly cod and allied spp. (in Germany especially saithe) and salmon, that have been salted by stacking split fish and salt in alternate layers so that the pickle that is formed can drain off freely.
See also Dry salted fish, Shore cure and Labrador cure.

Danish

Forsaltning

Dutch

In lagen droog gezouten vis

English

Kench cure, Bulk cure, Bulk salted fish, Salt bulk

Finnish

Kuivvasuolaus pinoihin

French

Salage à sec

German

Trockensalzung

Greek

 

Icelandic

Þúrrsaltaður fiskur

Italian

Pesce salinato

Japanese

Yamazumi enzô-gyo

Norwegian

 

Polish

Solenie suche ryby białej w stosach

Portuguese

Salga s seco

Russian

Соленая сухая рыба

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Salazonado en verde

Swedish

Torrsaltning i stapel

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Sebastolobus macrochir
See also Rockfish.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Kichiji rockfish, Broadbanded thornyhead

Finnish

 

French

Sébaste kinkin

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

Kichiji

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Hot smoked ungutted fat sprats; the designation 'Original kieler sprotten' (or 'Echte kieler sprotten') only from catches in the area of the Kiel bay and processed in or near Kiel (Eckernförde).

Danish

Kielersprot

Dutch

Kieler sprot

English

Kieler sprotten (Germany)

Finnish

 

French

Kieler sprotten (Allemagne)

German

Kieler Sprotten

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

Papaline di kiel affumicate

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

Szprotki kilońskie

Portuguese

Espadilha fumada

Russian

Килерские шпроты

Serbo-Croat

Toplo dimljene masna papalina

Spanish

Espadines

Swedish

Sprotten

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Clupeonella cultriventris

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Kilka, Black Sea sprat, Azov Sea sprat

Finnish

 

French

Clupeonelle, Kilka

German

 

Greek

Kloupeonela

Icelandic

 

Italian

Papaline del caspio

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

Kilka, Kilka kaspijska, Kilka zwyczajna a. tiulka

Portuguese

Espadilha do cáspio, Espadilha-do-Mar-Negro

Russian

Тюлька, Каспийская килька

Serbo-Croat

Killjka

Spanish

Espadín del Mar de Azov, Espadín del Mar Negro

Swedish

 

Turkish

Kilka balığı, Tülka balığı

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Orcinus orca

Danish

Spækhugger

Dutch

Orka, Ork

English

Killer whale, Grampus

Finnish

Miekkavalas

French

Orque

German

Schwertwal

Greek

Orka

Icelandic

Háhyrna

Italian

Orca

Japanese

Sakamata, Shachi

Norwegian

Spekkhogger

Polish

Orka

Portuguese

Orca

Russian

Косатка

Serbo-Croat

Kit ubica

Spanish

Espadarte, Orca

Swedish

Späckhuggare

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Cyprinodontidae

Danish

 

Dutch

Tandkarper

English

Killifish

Finnish

Kutevat hammaskarpit

French

Fondule

German

Zahnkarpfen

Greek

Ciprinodonti

Icelandic

 

Italian

Ciprinodonti

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

Karpieńcowate

Portuguese

Ciprinodontideos

Russian

Карпозубые

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

Egentliga tandkarpar

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Paralithodes camchatica
See also Crab.

Danish

Japan-krabbe

Dutch

Kamsjatka krab

English

King crab, Japanese crab, Alaska deep sea crab

Finnish

Kuningasrapu

French

Crabe royal

German

Kamschatka-Krabbe

Greek

Vassilikós kávouras

Icelandic

 

Italian

Granchio reale, Grancevola de kamciatka

Japanese

Tarabagani

Norwegian

Russisk krabbe

Polish

Krab kamczacki

Portuguese

Caranguejo-real

Russian

Камчатский краб

Serbo-Croat

Kraljevski rak

Spanish

Cangrejo ruso

Swedish

Japansk jättekrabba

Turkish

Iri yengeç kerevit

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Scomberomorus cavalla

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

King mackerel, Kingfish

Finnish

Kuningasmakrilli

French

Thazard barré

German

Königsmakrele

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

Sgombro reale

Japanese

Oo-sawara, Sawara

Norwegian

Kongemakrell

Polish

Makrela kawala

Portuguese

Serra real, Cavala, Cavala inpigem, Cavala verdadeira

Russian

Королевская макрель

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Carite lucio, Sierra

Swedish

Kungsmakrill

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Genypterus capensis

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Kingklip

Finnish

 

French

Abadèche royale du cap, Abadèche du cap

German

Kingclip

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

Miętus królewski

Portuguese

Maruca-da-Àfrica-do-Sul, Abadejo do Cabo

Russian

Черный конгрио

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Congribadejo del Cabo, Rosada, Rosada del Cabo

Swedish

Kapkingklip

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Scomberomorus regalis

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Cero, Kingmackerel

Finnish

 

French

Thazard franc

German

Königsmakrele

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

Makrela królewska

Portuguese

Serra-malhada

Russian

Пятнистая макрель

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Carite chinigua

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
In Europe name used for Ragalecus glesne.

Danish

 

Dutch

Haringkoning

English

King of the herring

Finnish

 

French

 

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Menticirrhus saxatilis

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Northern king whiting, Northern kingcroaker, Northern kingfish

Finnish

 

French

Bourrugue renard

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

Cangueira-zorra

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Lambe zorro

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Fat herring, split down the back from head to tail, lightly brined and cold smoked; may be artificially coloured.
Marketed chilled, frozen or canned (sometimes packed in edible oil - Germany); ground meat made into kipper paste.
See also Kipper fillet, Boneless kipper.

Danish

Kipper

Dutch

Kipper

English

Kipper, Kipper herring, Newcastle kipper

Finnish

Kylmäsavustettu silli

French

Kipper

German

Kipper

Greek

 

Icelandic

Kipper

Italian

Aringhe kipper

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Kippers

Polish

Kipersy (śledzie wędzone)

Portuguese

Arenque fumado

Russian

Копченая селедка

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Kipper

Swedish

Kipper

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
In U.S.A. the term 'kippered' is also used in connection with hot-smoked products; the raw fish (fresh or frozen, also fillets or pieces of fillets) are brined dyed and afterwards hot smoked on trays, e.g. Kippered black cod (from sablefisk), Kippered ling-cod, Kippered shad or Kippered sturgeon.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Kippered products (U.S.A.)

Finnish

 

French

 

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Cold-smoked salmon (U.K.), whole, headed and split down the back; see Atlantic salmon.

Danish

Koldrøget laks

Dutch

Gerookte zalm

English

Kippered salmon, Cold smoked salmon

Finnish

Kylmäsavustettu lohi

French

Saumon fumé

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

Reyktur lax

Italian

Salmone kipper

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Røkelaks

Polish

Łosoś wędzony na zimno

Portuguese

Salmão fumado

Russian

Копченый лосось

Serbo-Croat

Dimljeni losos

Spanish

Salmon ahumado

Swedish

Kallrökt lax

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Fillets of herring brined and cold smoked; may be artificially coloured; marketed fresh, frozen or canned in oil; may also be produced by cutting fillets from boneless kippers.

Danish

Kipperfilet

Dutch

Filets van kipper

English

Kipper fillets

Finnish

Kylmäsavustettu sillifilee

French

Filets de kipper

German

Kipperfilets

Greek

 

Icelandic

Reykt síldarflök

Italian

Filetti di aringhe kipper

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Kippersfilet

Polish

Kipersy filety

Portuguese

Filetes de arenque fumado

Russian

Копченое филе

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Filetes de arenque ahumado

Swedish

Kipperfiléer

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Pieces of Kipper fillets packed in cans.
In Norway: canned kippered herring fillets packed in
¼ Ib or smaller cans.

Danish

Kippersnacks

Dutch

Kippersnacks

English

Kipper snacks

Finnish

Kylmäsavustettuja sillifileesnakseja

French

 

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

Filetti di aringhe kipper in scatola

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Kipper snacks

Polish

 

Portuguese

Bocados de arenque fumado enlatados

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Trozos de filetes de kipper envasados

Swedish

Kippersnacks

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Split salted fish from cod species, that has been spread on rocks or special platforms for sun-drying, or, more usually, that has been artificially dried. In Norway also canned (pre-cooked, with layers of sliced potatoes and onions, in a sauce made from tomato paste, edible oil and spices).
Also spelt Klippfish.
See Cod, Bacalao.

Danish

Klipfisk

Dutch

Klipvis

English

Klipfish

Finnish

Kalliokala

French

Klipfish

German

Klippfisch

Greek

 

Icelandic

Þurrkaðyr saltfiskur (fullverkaður)

Italian

Baccalà secco

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Klippfisk

Polish

Klipfisz

Portuguese

Peixe salgado e seco

Russian

Клипфикс

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

Klippfisk

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Fresh un-gutted herring preserved for a few days by sprinkling with ice and salt.
Klondyking also refers to bulk purchasing of fish (especially herring and mackerel) as over-the-side sales.

Danish

 

Dutch

Met zout besprenkelde verse haring

English

Klondyked herring (U.K.)

Finnish

 

French

 

German

Transportsalzung

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

Arenque fresco

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

Strösaltad sill

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Fish or seafood heated in acidified brine (80ºC - 90ºC; 175ºF - 195ºF), packed in jelly or sauces; known as Cooked marinade or Hot marinated fish.
Products e.g. Aspic herring, Herring in jelly (Hering in Gelee - Germany). Jellied eels.

Danish

 

Dutch

Gekookte gemarineerde vis

English

Kochfischwaren (Germany)

Finnish

Keitinmarinadi

French

Kochfischwaren (Allemagne)

German

Kochfischwaren

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

Pesce marinato a caldo

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

Peixe cozido em molho

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

Kuhana marinada

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Japanese name for seaweeds of Laminaria spp. and others; see Kelp.

Danish

Bladtang

Dutch

 

English

Kombu (Japan)

Finnish

Airolevä

French

Kombu (Japon)

German

Zuckertang

Greek

Laminaria

Icelandic

 

Italian

Laminaria

Japanese

Kombu

Norwegian

Sukkertare, Tare

Polish

Algi brunatnice, Listownice

Portuguese

Alga castanha

Russian

Ламинария

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Alga parda

Swedish

Bladtång

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Cooked shrimps (mostly Crangon crangon) with mayonnaise, also packed in cans or other containers.
See Fish salad.

Danish

 

Dutch

Garnalen salade

English

Krabbensalat (Germany)

Finnish

Katkarapusalaatti

French

Krabbensalat (Allemagne)

German

Krabbensalat

Greek

Kavourosalata

Icelandic

 

Italian

Insalata di granchio

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

Sałatka krabowa

Portuguese

Camarão em maionese

Russian

Крабовый салат

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Ensalada de cangrejo

Swedish

Krabbsallad

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Meganyctiphanes norvegica
Krill look like small shrimp but do not have the characteristically abrupt 'shrimp-bend'. They have large black eyes and under the abdomen are rows of light organs which can be lit up or extinguished. They can reach 5 cm long and live for 2-3 years. Krill are caught with special trawls and fine-mesh dip nets allied with lights.

Danish

Lyskrebs

Dutch

Krill

English

Krill

Finnish

Krilli

French

Krill

German

Nordatlantischer Krill

Greek

Eufauseodi

Icelandic

 

Italian

Eufausiacei

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Storkrill

Polish

Kryl

Portuguese

Krill

Russian

Криль

Serbo-Croat

Račcić svjetlar

Spanish

Krill

Swedish

Krill

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Euphausia superba
The name Antarctic Krill is commonly applied to large populations of small shrimp-like crustaceans in Atlantic waters composed of up to 80 species of which about 30 are euphausiids. Prominent among the latter are Euphausia superba.

Danish

Antarkiske lyskrebs

Dutch

Krill

English

Krill antarctic

Finnish

Antarktinen krilli

French

Krill antarctique

German

Antarktischer Krill

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

Eufausiacei

Japanese

Okiami

Norwegian

Antarktisk krill

Polish

Kryl antarktyczny

Portuguese

Krill do Antárctico

Russian

Антарктический криль

Serbo-Croat

Antarktički svjetlar

Spanish

Krill antartico

Swedish

Antarktisk Krill

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
In Sweden: Small herring or Baltic herring used as raw material for preserves, mostly in cans. The herring is eviscerated and headed and thoroughly washed.
In Norway: Small herring eviscerated, headed and vinegar cured; for export.
In Germany: The term Kronsardinen (better Kronsild) is only used to designate marinated small herring or sprat, mostly from the Baltic sea, also with spices, sugar and other flavouring agents.

Danish

Kronsardiner

Dutch

 

English

Kron-sardiner, Russischhe sardinen, Russian sardine, Russlet

Finnish

Kruunusardiini

French

Kron-sardiner

German

Kronsardinen, Kronsild

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Kronsardiner

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

Kronsardine

Spanish

 

Swedish

Kronsardiner

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Ground shrimp (sometimes other fish) mixed with tapioca flour, salt and seasoning, kneaded with water and steamed in moulds; then cooled, cut into slices and sun-dried; swells and becomes crisp when fried in deep fat.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Krupuk (Indonesia), Khao kriab (Thailand)

Finnish

 

French

Krupuk (Indonésie)

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Horse mackerel (Decapterus spp.) dried after soaking in special salt water, preserved for years.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Kusaya (Japan)

Finnish

 

French

Kusaya (Japon)

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Beheaded and gutted salt cured cod.

Danish

 

Dutch

Labberdaan

English

Laberdan (Germany)

Finnish

 

French

Laberdan (Allemagne)

German

Laberdan

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Heavy-salted Kench-cured cod; containing 42 to 50% moisture and 17 to 18% salt.

Danish

Labrador-tilvirket fisk

Dutch

 

English

Labrador cure, Labrador fish, Labrador soft cure (Canada)

Finnish

Labradorinsuolaus

French

Labrador cure (Canada)

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

Labri

Italian

Baccalà labrador

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Labradorbehandlet torsk

Polish

 

Portuguese

Cura do labrador

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Bacalao fuertemente salado

Swedish

Labradorsaltning

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Elops saurus

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Ladyfish, Springer, Tenpounder

Finnish

Hopeakala

French

Guinée machète, Tarpon

German

Frauenfisch

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

Karaiwashi, Taiseiyou-kara-iwashi

Norwegian

 

Polish

Elops zlotawy, a. oszczer zlotawy

Portuguese

Fateixa, Fateixa-torpedo

Russian

Большеглазая сельдь

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Macabí, Macaco, Malacho, Matejuelo real

Swedish

Elopid

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Coregonus artedi
See also Whitefish.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Cisco, Lake herring, Lakefish, Tullibee

Finnish

Amerikanmuikku

French

Corégone cisco

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

Agone americano

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

Sielawa amerykanska

Portuguese

Coregono-de-artedi, Arenque-de-lago

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Arenque de lago

Swedish

Amerikansk siklöja

Turkish

Göl ringasi

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Product prepared in Greece and Turkey: Atlantic bonito (Sarda sarda) cut in slices and salted in barrels or boxes of 10 kg.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Lakerda (Greece, Turkey)

Finnish

 

French

Lakerda (Grèce, Turquie)

German

 

Greek

Lakérda

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

Lakerda

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Salvelinus namaycush

Kotka, Finland
(Photos: © Johnny Jensen)

Danish

Canadarøding, Kanadarødding, Kanadarøding

Dutch

 

English

Lake trout, Great lake trout, Grey trout, Namaycush, Togue, Touladi

Finnish

Harmaanieriä

French

Omble d'Amérique, Cristivomer, Omble du Canada, Truite de lac d'Amérique

German

Saibling

Greek

 

Icelandic

Murta

Italian

Trota di lago americana

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Canadaröye, Canadarøye

Polish

 

Portuguese

Salvelino-lacustre, Truta-do-lago

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

Pastrva

Spanish

Trucha lacustre

Swedish

Canadaröding

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Fish product consisting of salted partially dried, macerated shrimp.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Lamayo (Philippines)

Finnish

 

French

Lamayo (Philippines)

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Carbohydrate extract, roughly equivalent to the starch in land plants, obtained from Brown algae (Laminaria spp.)

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Laminarin

Finnish

Laminariina

French

Laminarine

German

Laminarin

Greek

Laminária

Icelandic

 

Italian

Laminarina

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Laminarin

Polish

Laminaryn (ekstrakt)

Portuguese

Laminarina

Russian

Экстракт ламинарии

Serbo-Croat

Laminarin

Spanish

 

Swedish

Laminarin

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Petromyzontidae
See Petromyzon marinus, Lampetra fluviatilis, Lampetra planeri

Danish

Niøje, Lampret

Dutch

Negenoog

English

Lamprey

Finnish

Nahkiainen

French

Lamproie fluviale

German

Neunauge

Greek

Lamprena

Icelandic

Fisksuga

Italian

Lampreda

Japanese

Yatsumeunagi

Norwegian

Niøye

Polish

Minóg

Portuguese

Lampreia

Russian

Морская миога

Serbo-Croat

Morska paklara

Spanish

Lamprea

Swedish

Nejonöga

Turkish

Derebofa balığı

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Lampetra fluviatilis

Kotka, Finland
(Photo: © Johnny Jensen)

Danish

Flodlampret, Flodniøje

Dutch

Lampern, Rivierprik

English

European river lamprey, River lamprey, Lampern, Stone eel

Finnish

Nahkiainen

French

Lamproie de rivière

German

Flußneunauge, Lamprete, Lamprida, Lampride, Negenaugen, NeünAug

Greek

Potamolamprena

Icelandic

Fisksuga

Italian

Lampreda di fiume

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Elveniøye

Polish

Minog rzeczny

Portuguese

Lampreia-do-rio, Lampreira-de-rio

Russian

Морская миога

Serbo-Croat

Paklara rijecna, Rijecna paklara, Zmiulka

Spanish

Lamprea de río, Llampresa de riu

Swedish

Flodnejonöga

Turkish

Bofa balığı

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Lampetra planeri

Danish

Bæklampret, Bæknioje

Dutch

Beekprik

English

European brook lamprey, Brook Lamprey, Pride, Sand-pride

Finnish

Pikkunahkiainen

French

Lamproie de Planer, Lamproie de rivière, Petite lamproie

German

Bachneunauge, Bachpricke

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

Lampreda minore

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Bekkeniøye

Polish

Minóg strumieniowy

Portuguese

Lampreia-de-esteiro, Lampreira-pequena

Russian

Морская миога

Serbo-Croat

Protocna paklara

Spanish

Lamprea de arroyo

Swedish

Bäcknejonöga

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Dentex macrophthalmus
See Sea bream.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Large-eye dentex, Large eyed dentex

Finnish

 

French

Denté à gros yeux

German

Grossaugen-Zahnbrasse

Greek

Bálas, Mpalas

Icelandic

 

Italian

Dentice occhione

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

Kielczak wielkooki

Portuguese

Cachucho

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

Zubataç, Zubačić, Rumeni

Spanish

Cachucho, Cachocho, Pagell déntol

Swedish

Storögd dentex

Turkish

Irigös sinagrit, Sinarit, İrigözsinagrit balığı, Mandagözsinagrit balığı

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Scyliorhinus stellaris
See also Dogfish.

Northsea Aquarium, Denmark
(Photo: © Johnny Jensen)

Danish

Storplettet rødhaj

Dutch

Kathaai

English

Nursehound, Larger spotted dogfish, Bull huss, Dogfish, Flake catfish, Greater spotted dogfish, Nurse, Rigg

Finnish

Täpläpunahai

French

Grande roussette, Chat-rochier, Gat rouquin, Roussette à grandes taches

German

Grosser Katzenhai, Großgefleckter Katzenhai, Hundshai, Pantherhai

Greek

Skyllopsaro, Skylláki, Gatos, Gatopsaraki

Icelandic

 

Italian

Gattopardo

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Storflekket rødhai

Polish

Rekinek panterka, Rekinek plamisty

Portuguese

Gata, Pata-roxa-gata, Pata-roxa-grande

Russian

Звездчатый морской пес, Зведчатая (крупнопятнистая) акула-кошка

Serbo-Croat

Morska mačka, Mačka mrkulja

Spanish

Alitán, Gata, Breka, Cazó nazopado, Gatún, Lija, Moma, Patarroxa, Renuda

Swedish

Storfläckig rödhaj

Turkish

Kedi balığı, Bozlekelikedi balığı

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Solea lascaris
See also Sole.

Danish

Sandtunge

Dutch

Franse tong, Zandtong

English

Sand sole, Lascar, French sole, Snouted sole

Finnish

 

French

Sole-pole, Sole de Mer Egée, Sole-verrue

German

Sandzunge

Greek

Amoglosa, Egeoglosa

Icelandic

 

Italian

Sogliola del porro, Sogliola nasuta

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

Sola laskara

Portuguese

Linguado da areia, Gafo, Linguado-preto, Macaca

Russian

Морские языки, Солеи

Serbo-Croat

List bradavkar, Listnosan

Spanish

Acedía de arena, Lenguado, Lenguado del mar Egeo, Llenguado d'arena, Sand sole, Sortija, Suela del Mar Egeo

Swedish

Sandtunga

Turkish

Dil balığı, Kumdil balığı

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Pterygotrigla polyommata
See also Yellow gurnard.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Latchet

Finnish

 

French

 

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

Cabra-bicuda

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Foodstuff prepared from Red algae, Porphyra spp., by boiling in salt water, cooling mincing and dyeing; often fried before eating.
Similar to Nori (Japan).

Danish

 

Dutch

Zeewierbrood

English

Laverbread (Wales)

Finnish

Leväkakku

French

 

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

Amanori

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

Algbröd

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Skins from seals, walrus, shark, beluga whale, and some food fish such as cod and salmon, can be processed to make satisfactory leather; size of individual skins of most food fish limits their use for leather making.

Danish

Læder

Dutch

Visleer, Visleder, Leder

English

Leather

Finnish

Nahka

French

Cuir

German

Leder

Greek

Dérma

Icelandic

Skinn, Roð

Italian

Cuoio

Japanese

Suisan hikaku

Norwegian

Lær

Polish

Skóra

Portuguese

Coiro

Russian

Кожа

Serbo-Croat

Koža morskih sisavaca i riba

Spanish

Cuero

Swedish

Läder

Turkish

Deri

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
General name used for the families. Tetraodontidae are referred to as Puffer in N. America.
See Puffer.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Leatherjacket

Finnish

 

French

 

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Negaprion brevirostris

Danish

 

Dutch

Citroenhaai

English

Lemon shark, Requiem shark

Finnish

Sitruunahai

French

Requin citron, Requin-citron

German

Zitronenhai, Kurznasenhai

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

Squalo limone

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

Zarłacz cytrynowy

Portuguese

Tubarão-limão, Tubarao-limao

Russian

Желтая (лимонная) акула, Коротокорылая острозубая акула

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Galano, Tiburón amarillo, Tiburón galano

Swedish

Citronhaj

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Microstomus kitt

Øresund Aquarium, Denmark
(Photo: © Johnny Jensen)

Danish

Rødtunge

Dutch

Tongschar

English

Lemon sole, Lemon dab, Lemon fish, Mary sole, Smear dab, Sweet fluke

Finnish

Pikkupääkampela

French

Limande-sole commune

German

Limande, Echte Rotzunge, Rotzunge

Greek

 

Icelandic

Þykkvalúra

Italian

Sogliola limanda

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Lomre, Bergflyndre, Lombe

Polish

Złocica europejska

Portuguese

Solha-limão, Solha-limao

Russian

Европейская малоротая (малоголовая) камбала

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Mendo limón lengua lisa, Mendo limón, Microstom

Swedish

Bergtunga, Bergskädda

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Kogia breviceps
See Whales.

Danish

Dvægkaskelot

Dutch

Dwergpotvis

English

Lesser cachalot

Finnish

Kääpiökaskelotti

French

Petit cachalot

German

Zwergpottwal

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

Capodoglio pigmeo

Japanese

Komakkô

Norwegian

Dvergspermhval

Polish

Kaszalot karłowaty

Portuguese

Cachalote-anão

Russian

Малый кашалот

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

Dvärgkaskelot

Turkish

Kaşalot

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Scyliorhinus canicula
See also Dogfish.

Denmark Aquarium, Denmark
(Photos: © Johnny Jensen)

Danish

Småplettet rødhaj

Dutch

Hondshaai

English

Small-spotted catshark, Lesser spotted dogfish, Dogfish, Fay dog, Rough dog, Sandy dogfish, Small spotted dog

Finnish

Pistepunahai

French

Petite roussette, Catarouquiera, Catarousse, Charotel, Chat marin, Gat, Gatanghier, Rousse, Squale roussette

German

Kleiner Katzenhai, Katzenhai, Kleingefleckter Katzenhai

Greek

Skylopsaro, Skyláki, Gátos, Skylopsaraki

Icelandic

Deplaháfur

Italian

Gattuccio

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Småflekket rødhai, Rødhai

Polish

Rekinek psi

Portuguese

Pata-roxa

Russian

Мелкопятнистая (европейская) кошачья акула, Морской пес

Serbo-Croat

Morska mačka, Mačka bjelica

Spanish

Pintarroja, Gato marino, Breka, Catuarraya, Galeo, Gatet, Gatón patarroxa, Mamatxa, Melgacho, Pez perro, Pitarrosa de altura, Pitarrosin

Swedish

Småfläckig rödhaj

Turkish

Kedi balığı, Dişlikedi balığı, Kedib

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Fish treated with only small quantities of salt (e.g.16 to 20 parts per 100 of fish) of left in salt for a short time only (e.g. 3 to 5 days in pickle); product contains 20% to 30% salt on a dry basis; cod and other white fish salted this way.
See also Mild cured fish as a more general term applying to both light salting and mild smoking.
In Germany ('Mildsalzung') the salt content in the tissue may not be higher than 13%. The flesh must be thoroughly coagulated; see Matje cured herring.
Examples for light curing are: Gaspé cure (Canada),  Shore cure (N. America), Fall cure (Canada).

Danish

Letsaltet fisk

Dutch

Licht zouten vis

English

Light cure, Light salted fish, Slack salted fish

Finnish

Kevytsuolattu kala

French

Salage léger

German

Mildsalzung

Greek

 

Icelandic

Léttsaltaður fiskur, Linsaltaður fiskur

Italian

Pesce in salamoia leggera

Japanese

Usujio, Amajio

Norwegian

Lettsaltet fisk

Polish

Lekkie solenie

Portuguese

Cura leve

Russian

Легкое консервирование

Serbo-Croat

Lagano obradjena riba, Lagano solijena riba

Spanish

Salazon ligera

Swedish

Lättsaltad fisk

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Patella coerulea

Danish

Albueskæl

Dutch

Patella

English

Limpet

Finnish

Maljakotilo

French

Patelle

German

Napfschnecke

Greek

Petallída

Icelandic

 

Italian

Patella

Japanese

Yomegakasa

Norwegian

Albuskjell

Polish

Czaszołki (małż)

Portuguese

Lapa

Russian

Блюдечко (моллюска)

Serbo-Croat

Priljepak, Lupar

Spanish

Lapa

Swedish

Skålsnäcka

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Achirus lineatus
See Sole.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Lined sole

Finnish

 

French

Sole américaine, Sole achire, Sole

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Suela pintada

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Molva molva

Yellow Reef, Denmark
(Photos: © Johnny Jensen)

Danish

Lange, Almindelig lange

Dutch

Leng

English

Ling, European ling

Finnish

Molva

French

Lingue, Élingue, Julienne, Lingue bleue, Lingue franche, Morue langue, Tutchuela

German

Leng, Lengfisch

Greek

Pentinki, Pontikopsaro, Pontikópsaro

Icelandic

Langa

Italian

Molva

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Lange

Polish

Molwa

Portuguese

Donzela, Maruca

Russian

Морская щука, Мольва

Serbo-Croat

Manjič morski, Mantiz morski

Spanish

Maruca, Barbada, Barruenda, Common ling, Lengua de bacalá, Llenga de bacallà

Swedish

Långa

Turkish

Gelincik, Uzungelincik balığı

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Genypterus blacodes

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Pink cusk-eel

Finnish

 

French

Abadèche rosée, Abadèche rose, Lingue

German

Leng

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

Molva

Japanese

Kingu, Ringu

Norwegian

 

Polish

Abadecho, Mietus nowozelandzki

Portuguese

Maruca-da-Argentina

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Congribadejo rosé, Maruca, Rosada

Swedish

Skär lubbål, Guldkingklip

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Leucoraja erinacea
See also Skate.

Danish

 

Dutch

Kleine rog

English

Little skate, Little common skate, Little summer skate

Finnish

 

French

Raie hérisson

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

Raja kanadyjska

Portuguese

Raia-de-verão

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Euthynnus alletteratus
See also Tuna.

Danish

Thunnin

Dutch

 

English

Little tunny, Atlantic little tunny, Little tuna

Finnish

Tunniina

French

Thonine commune

German

Faischer Bonito, Thonine

Greek

Karvoúni

Icelandic

 

Italian

Tonnetto, Alletterato

Japanese

Taiwan yaito, Taiseiyou-yaito

Norwegian

Tunnin

Polish

Tunek atlantycki, Tunek wschodni

Portuguese

Merma, Atún, Fule-fule, Melena, Melva

Russian

Пятнистый (малый, малый атлантический) тунец

Serbo-Croat

Luc, Karvoúni

Spanish

Bacoreta

Swedish

Mindre tunnina, Tunnina

Turkish

Yazili orkınos

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Synodontidae
A few species are fished commercially in Japan, and marketed fresh; also used for Kamaboko.

Danish

 

Dutch

Zeeleguan

English

Lizardfish

Finnish

Sisiliskokala

French

Anoli de mer

German

Eidechsenfisch

Greek

Scarmós

Icelandic

 

Italian

Pesce ramarro

Japanese

Eso

Norwegian

 

Polish

Ryby jaszczurnikowate

Portuguese

Lagarto-do-mar

Russian

Ящероголовые

Serbo-Croat

Zelembac

Spanish

Lagarto

Swedish

 

Turkish

Zurna

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Homarus spp.

Danish

Hummer

Dutch

Kreeft, Zeekreeft

English

Lobster

Finnish

Hummeri

French

Homard

German

Hummer

Greek

Astakós

Icelandic

Humar

Italian

Astice

Japanese

Iseebi

Norwegian

Hummer

Polish

Homar

Portuguese

 

Russian

Омар

Serbo-Croat

Rarog, Hlap

Spanish

Bogavante, Lubrigante

Swedish

Hummer

Turkish

Istakoz

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Mild cured sides, especially of king salmon, cold smoked for one to three days; also frequently called Lox.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Locks, Lox (U.S.A.)

Finnish

 

French

Locks (E.U.)

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Split, smoked haddock prepared chiefly in Grimsby for London market, characterised by leaving backbone on left hand side of fish.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

London cut cure (U.K.)

Finnish

 

French

Haddock coupé de Londres

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Raja oxyrinchus
See also Skate and Ray.

Danish

Plovjernsrokke

Dutch

Scherpsnuit rog, Scherpsnuit

English

Longnose skate, Long-nosed burton skate

Finnish

Vannasrausku

French

Pocheteau noir, Alène, Blanquette, Capoutchin, Capucin, Flossade, Fumat, Matrasso, Raie à bec pointu, Raie capucin

German

Spitzschnauzenrochen, Spitzschnauze

Greek

Sálahi, Nona

Icelandic

Plógskata

Italian

Razza monaca

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Spisskate, Nebbskate, Spisrokke, Spiss-skate

Polish

Raja ostronosa

Portuguese

Raia-bicuda

Russian

Длиннорылый скат

Serbo-Croat

Raža klinka, Nosatica

Spanish

Picón, Raya picuda, Bastina, Caputjó, Caputxo, Cavach, Cavach rayón, Machuelo, Mahoma, Raya aguda, Raya negrita, Rayón, Retjada

Swedish

Plogjärnsrocka

Turkish

Sivriburun vatoz, Sivriburunvatoz balığı

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Designation in ices statistics of American plaice (Hippoglossides platessoides); for more details see there.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Long rough dab

Finnish

 

French

 

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Thunnus tonggol

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Longtail tuna, Indian long-tailed tuna

Finnish

Sinitonnikala

French

Thon mignon

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

Tonno indiano

Japanese

Koshinaga

Norwegian

 

Polish

Tunczyk tongol

Portuguese

Atum-do-índico, Atun-tongol

Russian

Длиннохвостый тунец

Serbo-Croat

Vrsta tunja

Spanish

Atún tongol

Swedish

Långstjärtad tonfisk, Tonggol

Turkish