Scientific name: Raja brachyura
See also Ray skate.

Helsinki, Finland
(Photo: © Johnny Jensen)

Danish

 

Dutch

Blonde ray

English

Blonde

Finnish

Pilkkurausku

French

Raie lisse

German

Blonde

Greek

Saláhi

Icelandic

Skata

Italian Razza a coda corta
Japanese  
Norwegian
Polish Raja białoplama
Portuguese Raia pontuada
Russian Короткохвостый скат
Serbo-Croat Raža
Spanish Raya boca de rosa
Swedish

Ljus rocka

Turkish  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Unrendered subcutaneous body fat of whales or other aquatic mammals.
Blubber might be soured in vinegar or sour milk in Iceland; served as cold dish (Rengi).

Danish

 

Dutch

Walvisspek

English

Blubber

Finnish

Valaanrasva

French

Lard de baleine

German

Speck, Walspeck

Greek

 

Icelandic

Hvalspik

Italian

Grasso di balena

Japanese

Shiniku, Abura-mi

Norwegian

Spekk

Polish

Tłuszcz wielorybi (słonina)

Portuguese

Toucinho de baleia

Russian

Покровный жир (кита и др. морских животных)

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

Valspäck

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Carangoides gymnostethus

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Bludger, Bleeker's jackfish

Finnish

 

French

Carangue balo

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

Andaman-aji

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Jurel balo

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
In New Zeeland: Parapercis colias. Family Mugilidae.
Name used for Lingcod. Name also used for Sablefish.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Blue cod

Finnish

 

French

 

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Callinectes sapidus
The most valuable species of crab in North America.

Danish

 

Dutch

Blauwe krab

English

Blue crab

Finnish

Sinitaskurapu

French

Crabe bleu

German

 

Greek

Galázios kávouras

Icelandic

 

Italian

Granchio nuotatore

Japanese

Gazami (refers to Neptunus and Charybdis spp.).

Norwegian

Blåkrabbe

Polish

Krab błekitny, Płetwal błekitny

Portuguese

Navalheira-azul

Russian

Голубой краб

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Cangrejo azul

Swedish

Blåkrabba

Turkish

Mavi yengeç

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Name used in North America for Porbeagle. Name also used for Picked dogfish.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Blue dog

Finnish

 

French

 

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Thunnus thynnus
Largest of the tuna family; together with Skipjack and Yellowfin tuna make up the light meat pack for canning.

Charlotteville, Tobago
(Photos: © Johnny Jensen)

Danish

Tunfisk

Dutch

Tonijn

English

Northern bluefin tuna, Bluefin tuna, Tunny, Tuna, Atlantic tuna, Californian bluefin, Horse mackerel

Finnish

Tonnikala

French

Thon rouge

German

Roter Thun

Greek

Tónnos

Icelandic

Túnfiskur

Italian

Tonno

Japanese

Honmaguro, Kuro-maguro

Norwegian

Makrellstjørje, Stjørje

Polish

Tuńczyk błekitnopłetwy

Portuguese

Atum rabilho

Russian

Голубой тунец

Serbo-Croat

Tunj crveni

Spanish

Atún (rojo)

Swedish

Nordlig blåfenad tonfisk, Tonfisk, Röd tonfisk

Turkish

Orkinoz (ton)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Pomatomus saltatrix

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Bluefish

Finnish

Sinikala

French

Tassergal

German

Blaufisch

Greek

Gofári

Icelandic

 

Italian

Pesce serra

Japanese

Amikiri, Okisuzuki

Norwegian

Dyphavsabbor

Polish

Tasergal

Portuguese

Anchova, Dichova

Russian

Луфарь

Serbo-Croat

Strijelka skakuša, Plitica

Spanish

Anjova, Anchova de banco, Tallahams

Swedish

Blåfisk

Turkish

Lüfer, Çinekop baligi, Defne yapragi baligi, Kofana baligi, Lüfer baligi

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Molva dypterygia

Danish

Byrkelange

Dutch

Blauwe leng

English

Blue ling

Finnish

Tylppäpyrstömolva

French

Lingue bleue, Lingue bâtarde, Lingue espagnole

German

Blauleng

Greek

Glafkopontikopsaro

Icelandic

Blálanga

Italian

Molva azzurra, Molva, Molva occhiona

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Blålange, Blalange

Polish

Molwa niebieska, Molwa nibieska

Portuguese

Maruca-azul, Donzé laazul, Donzela-azul

Russian

Голубая мольва, Биркеланг

Serbo-Croat

Manjic morski

Spanish

Arbitán, Escolá

Swedish

Blålånga, Birkelånga

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Makaira nigricans
See also Marlin.

Danish

 

Dutch

Blauwe marlijn

English

Atlantic blue marlin, Blue marlin

Finnish

Purjemarliini, Sinimarliini

French

Makaire bleu, Makaire bleu de l'Atlantique

German

Blauer Marlin

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

Marlin azzurro

Japanese

Makajiki, Nishikuro, Nishikurokajiki

Norwegian

Blå marlin

Polish

Makaria błękitna

Portuguese

Espadim-azul do Atlàntico, Espadarte-sombra, Peito, Peixe agulha

Russian

Синий марлин, Атлантический голубой марлин

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Aguja azul, Aguja azul del Atlantico

Swedish

Atlantisk blå marlin, Blå marlin

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Mytilus edulis

Danish

Blåmusling

Dutch

Mossel

English

Blue mussel, Common mussel

Finnish

Sinisimpukka

French

Moule commune

German

Miesmuschel, Pfahlmuschel

Greek

Mýdi

Icelandic

Kræklingur

Italian

Mitilo

Japanese

Murasakiigai

Norwegian

Blåskjell

Polish

Omułek

Portuguese

Mexilhão-vulgar

Russian

Мидия

Serbo-Croat

Dagnje

Spanish

Mejillón

Swedish

Blåmussla

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Crassostrea virginica
See also Oyster.

Danish

Amerikansk østers

Dutch

Amerikaanse atlantische oester

English

Blue point oyster, Eastern oyster

Finnish

Amerikanosteri

French

Huître creuse Américaine

German

Amerikanische Auster

Greek

 

Icelandic

Ostra

Italian

Ostrica della virginia

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

Ostryga amerykańska

Portuguese

Ostra americana

Russian

Американская устрица

Serbo-Croat

Kamenica portugalska

Spanish

Ostra virginiana

Swedish

Amerikanskt ostron

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Anarhichas denticulatus
See also Catfish.

Aquarium, Denmark
(Photo: © Johnny Jensen)

Danish

Bredpandet havkat

Dutch

 

English

Northern wolffish, Blue sea cat, Jelly cat

Finnish

Sinimerikissa

French

Loup gélatineux

German

Wasserkatze

Greek

 

Icelandic

Blágóma

Italian

Bavosa lupa

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Blåsteinbit

Polish

Zębacz czarny

Portuguese

Peixe-lobo

Russian

Синяя зубатка, Вдовица

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Lobo

Swedish

Blå havskatt

Turkish

Mavi deniz kedisi

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Prionace glauca
Of great importance in Japan; marketed fresh or sometimes frozen; also used extensively for Hampen and Kamaboko.
See also Shark.

Danish

Blåhaj

Dutch

Blauwe haai

English

Blue shark, Great blue shark, Blue whaler, Blue dog

Finnish

Sinihai

French

Requin bleu

German

Grosser Blauhai

Greek

Karcharias

Icelandic

 

Italian

Verdesca, Squalo azzurro

Japanese

Yoshikirizame

Norwegian

Blåhai

Polish

Żarłacz błekitny

Portuguese

Tintureira, Guelha, Pas modrulj

Russian

Голубая (синяя) акула, Мокой

Serbo-Croat

Pas modrulj

Spanish

Tintoera

Swedish

Blåhaj

Turkish

Pamuk ballğ, Canavar balk, Maviköpek baligi

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Balaenoptera musculus
Largest of the whales.

Danish

Blåhval

Dutch

Blauwe vinvis

English

Blue whale, Sibbald's rorqual, Sulphur bottom, Great northern rorqual

Finnish

Sinivalas

French

Baleine bleue

German

Blauwal

Greek

Phalaena

Icelandic

Steypireyðour

Italian

Balenottera azzurra

Japanese

Shironagasukujira

Norwegian

Blåhval

Polish

Płetwal błekitny

Portuguese

Baleia azul, Rorqual-azul

Russian

Голубой кит

Serbo-Croat

Plavi kit

Spanish

Rorcual, Ballena azul

Swedish

Blåval

Turkish

Gök balina

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Micromesistius poutassou

Danish

Sortmund, Blåhvilling

Dutch

Blauwe wijting

English

Blue whiting, Couch's whiting

Finnish

Mustakitaturska

French

Merlan bleu

German

Blauer Witting

Greek

Sýko, Gourlomáta

Icelandic

Kolmunni

Italian

Merlu

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Kolmule, Blagunnar

Polish

Błękitek

Portuguese

Verdinho

Russian

Северная путассу

Serbo-Croat

Ugotica pučinska

Spanish

Bacaladilla

Swedish

Blåvitling, Kolmule

Turkish

Mezgit, Mezit

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
A name given to members of the family Pentacerotidae, some of which are also known as Pelagic armourhead.
In the U.K. Boarfish refers to Capros aper.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Boarfish

Finnish

Haarniskapää

French

Matodes

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

Kusakaritsubodai

Norwegian

 

Polish

Pancerzykowiec

Portuguese

Peixe-javali

Russian

Вепревые

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Pandressed and split cod, sometimes pollock, washed, then dried in the sun. Salt is not added.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Bodara (Japan)

Finnish

 

French

Bodara (Japon)

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

Bodara

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

Bodara (Japan)

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Bait used for fishing, made mainly from marine animals, pieces of fish or molluscs, waste, small live fish, eggs, etc.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Boette (France)

Finnish

 

French

Boette

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

Boette (Frankrike)

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Boops boops

Danish

Okseøjefisk

Dutch

Bokvis

English

Bogue

Finnish

Boga

French

Bogue

German

Gelbstriemen

Greek

Gópa

Icelandic

 

Italian

Boga

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Okseøjefisk

Polish

Bops

Portuguese

Bogo-do-mar

Russian

Полосатик, Боопс

Serbo-Croat

Bukva

Spanish

Boga

Swedish

Oxögonfisk

Turkish

Kupes, Lopa

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Dried, salted Maasbanker (Trachurus trachurus).
See Horse mackerel.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Bokkem (S. Africa)

Finnish

 

French

Bokkem (Afrique du Sud)

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

Bokkem (Sydafrika)

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Harpadon nehereus

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Bombay duck (India), Bombay-duck

Finnish

 

French

Scopelidé, Bombay duck (Inde)

German

Bummalo

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

Tenaga-mizutengu

Norwegian

 

Polish

Harpodon a. bombajka

Portuguese

Bumblim

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Bumalo

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Fish from which the principal bones have been removed.
Distinguished from Boneless fish. Both terms are very often used indiscriminately.

Danish

Udbenet fisk

Dutch

Ontgrate vis

English

Boned fish

Finnish

Ruodoton kala

French

Poisson désarêté

German

Entgräteter Fisch

Greek

 

Icelandic

Beinhreinsôur fiskur

Italian

Pesce spinato

Japanese

Sukimi

Norwegian

Benfri fisk

Polish

Ryba częściowo pozbawiona ości

Portuguese

Peixe sem espinhas

Russian

Рыба без костей

Serbo-Croat

Riba oćiščena od kõstiju

Spanish

 

Swedish

Benad fisk

Turkish

Kilcıklı balık

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Albula vulpes

Florida Keys, USA
(Photo: © Johnny Jensen)

Danish

 

Dutch

Gratenvis

English

Bonefish, Banana, Banana fish, Ladyfish, Tarpon

Finnish

Naiskala

French

Banane de mer, Tarpon

German

Damenfisch, Frauenfisch

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

Soto-iwashi

Norwegian

 

Polish

Albula

Portuguese

Flecha, Arencão, Lasca, Osso, Peixe-osso

Russian

Альбулевы

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Inliaula, Gato, Lisa saltona, Macabí, Peje gato, Ratón de mar, Zorro

Swedish

Albulid

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Superior grade of salted cod from which bones and skin have been removed; when some of the smaller bones are left in called Semi-boneless cod.
See also Boned fish.

Danish

Udbenet saltfisk, Udbenet klipfisk

Dutch

Gezouten kabeljauw zonder graat

English

Boneless cod

Finnish

Täysin ruodoton turska

French

Morue sans arête

German

Kabeljau ohne Gräten

Greek

 

Icelandic

Beinlaus saltfiskur

Italian

Baccalà spinato

Japanese

Sukimidara

Norwegian

 

Polish

Dorsz bez ości i skóry

Portuguese

Bacalhau sem espinhas

Russian

Филе трески

Serbo-Croat

Bakalar bez kože i kosti

Spanish

Bacalao sin espinas

Swedish

Benfri salttorsk

Turkish

Kılçıksız morina

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Fish containing no bones at all. Distinguish from Boned fish. Both terms very often used indiscriminately e.g. Boneless kipper, Boneless salt cod fillet.

Danish

 

Dutch

Vis zonder graat

English

Boneless fish

Finnish

Täysin ruodoton kala

French

Poisson sans arête

German

Fisch ohne Gräten

Greek

 

Icelandic

Beinlaus fiskur

Italian

Pesce senza spine

Japanese

Sukimi

Norwegian

Benløs fisk

Polish

Ryba bez ości

Portuguese

Peixe sem espinhas

Russian

Рыбное филе

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Pescado sin espinas

Swedish

Benfri fisk

Turkish

Kılçıksız balık

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Herring split down the belly after cutting away a thin strip of belly skin. Headed, boned, brined and cold smoked; sold fresh, frozen, canned.
See also Brado, Boned fish, Kipper.

Danish

 

Dutch

Ontgrate kipper

English

Boneless kipper

Finnish

Ruodoton kylmäsavustettu silli

French

Kipper sans arête

German

Kipper ohne Gräten

Greek

 

Icelandic

Beinlaus kipper

Italian

Aringa affumicata senza spine

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

Śledź kippers bez głowy i ości

Portuguese

Arenque sem espinhas

Russian

Филе копченой рыбы

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Arenque sin espinas

Swedish

Benfri kipper

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Salted dried fillet of cod from which bones have been removed.
See Boned fish.

Danish

Benfri filet

Dutch

Gedroogde gezouten kabeljauw zonder graat

English

Boneless salt cod fillet

Finnish

Ruodoton suolattu kuivattu turskafilee

French

Filet de morue sans arête

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

Beinlaus saltfiskflök

Italian

Filetti di baccalà

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Benløs saltet torskefilet

Polish

Dorszowy filet solony bez ości

Portuguese

Filete de bacalhau salgado sem espinhas

Russian

Филе соленой трески

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Filete de bacalao salado sin espinas

Swedish

Benfri salt torskfilé

Turkish

Kılçıksız tuzlu morina filatosu

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Hot-smoked herring from which head, belly, tail and most bones have been removed.
See also Boneless kipper.

Danish

Benfri røget sild

Dutch

Warm gerookte haring zonder graat

English

Boneless smoked herring

Finnish

Ruodoton sauvestettu silli

French

Hareng fumé sans arête

German

Geräucherter Hering ohne Gräten

Greek

 

Icelandic

Beinlaus reykt sild

Italian

Aringa affumicata spinata

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

Wędzony śledź bez głowy i ości

Portuguese

Arenque fumado sem espinhas

Russian

Филе копченой сельди

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Arenque ahumado y sin espinas

Swedish

Benfri rökt sill

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Ethmalosa fimbriata

Bakau Beach, Gambia
(Photo: © Johnny Jensen)

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Bonga, Bonga shad, Shad

Finnish

 

French

Ethmalose d'Afrique, Ethmalose

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

Etmaloza

Portuguese

Galucha

Russian

Бонга

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Sábalo africano

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Sarda spp.
Sarda sarda, Sarda chiliensis, Sarda orientalis.

Danish

Pelamide

Dutch

Bonito

English

Bonito

Finnish

Sarda

French

Bonite

German

Bonito, Pelamide

Greek

Palamída

Icelandic

Rákungur

Italian

Palamita

Japanese

Hagatsuo, Kitsungegatsuo

Norwegian

Pelamide

Polish

Pelamida

Portuguese

Sarrajão, Bonito

Russian

Пеламиды, Сарды

Serbo-Croat

Pastirica

Spanish

Bonito

Swedish

Pelamid

Turkish

Palamut-torik

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Alternative name for Mako (shark), Isurus oxyrinchus or synonymously Isurus glaucus.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Bonito shark

Finnish

 

French

 

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Salted mackerel. See Mackerel.

Danish

 

Dutch

Gezouten makreel

English

Boston mackerel (U.S.A.)

Finnish

Suolattu makrilli

French

 

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

Sgombro salato

Japanese

Shio-saba

Norwegian

Saltet makrell

Polish

Solona makrela amerykańska

Portuguese

Cavala salgada

Russian

Американская макрель

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Caballa salada

Swedish

Saltad makrill av Bostontyp

Turkish

Boston uskumrusu

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Roe from mullet, tuna or other fish, lightly salted, pressed and dried; also called Botarago (North Africa).
Similar product in Japan is Karasumi (from mullet: but desalted by soaking in fresh water before drying).
See also Caviar substitutes.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Bottaraga (Italy)

Finnish

Suolattu kuivattu kalanmäti

French

Bottaraga (Italie)

German

 

Greek

Avotáracho

Icelandic

 

Italian

Bottarga

Japanese

Karasumi

Norwegian

 

Polish

Lekko solona ikra

Portuguese

Ovas secas

Russian

Слабо соленая икра

Serbo-Croat

Ikra, Butarga

Spanish

 

Swedish

Bottaraga (Italien)

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Tursiops truncatus
See also Dolphin.

Danish

Øresvin

Dutch

Tuimelaar

English

Bottlenosed dolphin, Common porpoise

Finnish

Pullonokkadelfiini

French

Dauphin à gros nez

German

Grosser Tümmler

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

Tursione

Japanese

Bandoiruka

Norwegian

Tumler

Polish

Delfin butlonosy

Portuguese

Roaz-corvineiro

Russian

Афалнна

Serbo-Croat

Pliskavica (vrst)

Spanish

Pez mular

Swedish

Öresvin

Turkish

Afalina

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Hyperoodon rostratus

Danish

Døgling

Dutch

Butskop

English

Bottlenosed whale

Finnish

Nokkavalas

French

Hyperoodon

German

Entenwal

Greek

 

Icelandic

Andarnefja

Italian

Iperodonte

Japanese

Kitatokkurikujira

Norwegian

Bottlenose

Polish

Wieloryb butlonosy

Portuguese

Bico-de garrafa

Russian

Бутылконос

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Ballena hocico de botella

Swedish

Näbbval, Dögling, Andval

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Provençal fish prepared with many fish species: rockfish (scorpionfish), streaked weever, conger eel, etc; addition of white wine, olive oil, garlic, pepper and saffron; usually served with fried bread, and all mixed ingredients consumed. Also marketed in cans.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Bouilla-baisse (France)

Finnish

Provenssilainen kalakeitto

French

Bouilla-baisse

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

Bouilla-baisse (Frankrike)

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Amia calva

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Bowfin, Freshwater dogfish, Grindle, Choupique

Finnish

Amia

French

Amie, Poisson-castor

German

Kahlhecht, Schlammfisch, Amerikanischer Schlammfisch

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

Miękławka lub amia

Portuguese

Peixe-castor, Alcaraz

Russian

Ильная рыбаб, Амия

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

Bågfenfisk, Bågfena, Hundfisk

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Stowage at sea boxes, white fish mixed with ice, and in good practice, additional ice is placed above and below the fish in the box. Herring, when boxed at sea, are not always mixed with ice.

Danish

Isning i kasser

Dutch

Vis in kisten aangevoerd

English

Boxed stowage

Finnish

Merellä jäitetty kala

French

Stockage en caisses

German

Kistenware

Greek

 

Icelandic

Kassaður fiskur

Italian

Stivaggio in cassette

Japanese

Hakozume hyōzō

Norwegian

Kassepakket fisk

Polish

Ryba składowana w pojemnikach z lodem

Portuguese

Armazenagem em caixas

Russian

Хранение рыбы в коробках со льдом

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Conservación en cajas

Swedish

Packad och isad i lådor ombord

Turkish

Buza koyma

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Block fillet of prime herring, lightly brine salted and smoked until reddish brown.
Similar to Boneless kipper.

Danish

 

Dutch

Brado

English

Brado (Netherlands)

Finnish

Laukkasvolattu savustettu silli

French

Brado (Pays-Bas)

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

Brado (Nederländska)

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Waste parts of shrimps dried for use as animal food.

Danish

 

Dutch

Gedroogde garnalen

English

Bran (U.S.A.)

Finnish

Katkarapujauho

French

 

German

Garnelenschrot

Greek

 

Icelandic

Þurrkaður rækjuúgangur

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

Pasza z odpadów po odłuszczonych krewetkach

Portuguese

 

Russian

Корм из отходов креветки

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

Torkat räkavfall

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Portuguese salt cod that have been made whiter by stacking in piles (water hosed) for several days after washing; final salt content is about 20%.

Danish

Hvidvirket klipfisk

Dutch

 

English

Branco cure (Portugal)

Finnish

 

French

Branco cure (Portugal)

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

Baccalà bianco portoghese

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

Cura branca

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

Branco cure (Portugal)

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Flesh of salted cod, cooked, mashed with garlic and olive oil, in order to get a paste; lemon juice, parsley and pepper usually added.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Brandade (France)

Finnish

 

French

Brandade

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

Brandade (Frankrike)

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Formerly pickled herring in barrels packed in Scotland and N.E. England that carried a Government brand of quality; Crown Branding no longer practiced.
See also Crown brand.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Branded herring

Finnish

 

French

 

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Small herring, lightly cured in brine, cold smoked; fried before eating.

Danish

 

Dutch

Gebakken bokking, Monikendammer

English

Brat-bückling (Germany)

Finnish

 

French

Brat-bückling (Allemagne)

German

Brat-bückling

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

Brat-bückling (Tyskland)

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Fish fried, grilled or heated in edible oil or fat, packed in acidified brine, with spices or other ingredients, also with sauces; known as Fried marinade; prepared from all spp. particularly herring Brathering.

Danish

Stegt fisk i marinade

Dutch

Germarineerde gebakken vis

English

Bratfischwaren (Germany)

Finnish

Paistinmarinoitu kala

French

Bratfischwaren (Allemagne)

German

Bratfischwaren

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

Marinata fritta

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

Marynaty smażone

Portuguese

Marinada frita

Russian

Мороженная маринованная рыба

Serbo-Croat

Pržena marinada, Pečena marinada

Spanish

 

Swedish

Marinerad stekt fisk

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Beheaded and gutted fried herring, with vinegar-acidified brine; packaged also as fillets or bits Bratheringsfilet and Bratheringshappen.

Danish

Stegt sild i marinade

Dutch

Gebakken gemarineerde haring

English

Brathering (Germany)

Finnish

Paistinmarbitu silli

French

Brathering (Allemagne)

German

Brathering

Greek

 

Icelandic

Skeikt sild

Italian

Aringa fritta marinata

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

Śledż smażony i marynowany

Portuguese

Arenque em marinada

Russian

Сельдь в масле и маринаде

Serbo-Croat

Pržena marinada (od heringe), Pečena marinada (od heringe)

Spanish

Escabeche frito

Swedish

Marinerad stekt sill

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Rolled fried herring or herring fillet, without tail and bones wrapped with pickles, slices of onions etc., and fastened with small sticks or cloves; packed with vinegar-acidified brine, semi-preserved or pasteurised.
See Brathering (Germany) and Rollmops.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Brat-rollmops (Germany)

Finnish

 

French

Brat-rollmops (Allmagne)

German

Brat-rollmops

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

Brat-rollmops (Tyskland)

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Abramis brama

Aqua Freshwater Aquarium, Silkeborg, Denmark
(Photos: © Johnny Jensen)

Danish

Brasen

Dutch

Brasem

English

Carp bream, Bream, Freshwater bream

Finnish

Lahna

French

Bréme, Brame, Plaquette

German

Brachse, Brasse, Blei

Greek

Lestia

Icelandic

 

Italian

Brama, Abramide

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Brasme

Polish

Leszcz, Leszcz aralsko-kaspijski

Portuguese

Brema

Russian

Лещи

Serbo-Croat

Deverika

Spanish

 

Swedish

Brax, Braxen

Turkish

Tahta balığ, Capak balığ

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Scophthalmus rhomus

Island of Guernsey
(Photo: © Johnny Jensen)

Danish

Slethvarre

Dutch

Griet

English

Brill, Brett, Brit, Kite, Pearl

Finnish

Silokampela

French

Barbue

German

Glattbutt, Kleist

Greek

Pissi, Rómvos

Icelandic

Slétthverfa

Italian

Rombo liscio

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Slettvar

Polish

Nagład

Portuguese

Rodovalho

Russian

Гладкий ромб, Бриль, Гладкий калкан

Serbo-Croat

Oblić

Spanish

Rémol, Corujo, Rodaballo

Swedish

Slätvar

Turkish

Çivisiz kalkan, Dişi kalkan

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Brine of salt in water.

Danish

Lage

Dutch

Pekel

English

Brine

Finnish

Suolalaukka, Suolaliuos

French

Saumure

German

Lake, Salzlake

Greek

Salamoúra, Almí

Icelandic

Pækill

Italian

Salamoia

Japanese

Shio-miru, En-sui

Norwegian

Lake

Polish

Solanka

Portuguese

Salmoira

Russian

Рассол (тузлук)

Serbo-Croat

Salamura

Spanish

Salmuera

Swedish

Saltlake

Turkish

Tuz

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Fish that have been immersed in Brine as a pre-treatment to further processing

Danish

Forsaltet fisk

Dutch

Voorgepekeld vis

English

Brined fish

Finnish

Laukkasvolattu kala

French

Poisson saumuré

German

Entblutebad

Greek

Ihthís en almí

Icelandic

Pæklaður fiskur

Italian

Pesce previamente trattato in salamoia

Japanese

Tateshio

Norwegian

Forlaket fisk

Polish

Ryba solankowana

Portuguese

Peixe em salmoira

Russian

Рыба в рассоле

Serbo-Croat

Salamurena riba

Spanish

 

Swedish

Försaltad fisk

Turkish

Tuzlu balık

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Scandinavian name for Sprat.
Canned brisling is commercially canned product prepared from young brisling, lightly hot smoked or unsmoked, then headed and packed in edible oil, tomato sauce or other sauce (e.g. sherry, chilli, mustard), with or without added spices or other flavouring agents.
See also Sprat.

Danish

Brisling

Dutch

Sprot

English

Brisling

Finnish

Kilohaili

French

Brisling

German

Sprotte

Greek

Sardella

Icelandic

Brislingur

Italian

Papalina

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Brisling

Polish

Szprot

Portuguese

Espadilha

Russian

Шпрот, Килька

Serbo-Croat

Papalina

Spanish

Espadin

Swedish

Skarpsill, Vassbuk

Turkish

Çaça-platika

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Name used for young Atherine (Atherina presbyter).
Name also used for Brill (Scophthalmus rhombus).

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Brit

Finnish

 

French

 

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Carcharhinus brachyurus
See Requiem shark.

Namibia
(Photo: © Johnny Jensen)

Danish

 

Dutch

Koperhaai

English

Bronze whaler, Copper shark, Narrow-tooth shark

Finnish

 

French

Requin cuivre

German

Kupferhai

Greek

Karcharinos vrachyouros

Icelandic

 

Italian

Squalo ramato

Japanese

Kuroherimejiro

Norwegian

 

Polish

Zarlacz miedziany

Portuguese

Tubarão-cobre

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Cazón, Tiburón cobrizo, Tollo mantequero

Swedish

Kopparhaj

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Also called Brook trout.
See also Char.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Brook char

Finnish

 

French

 

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Salvelinus fontinalis
See Char, Trout.

Summerland, Alberta, Canada
(Photos: © Daniel Hein & Johnny Jensen)

Danish

Kildeørred

Dutch

Bronforel, Kildeorred

English

Brook trout, Brook char, Speckled trout, Salmon trout, Squaretail

Finnish

Puronieriä

French

Saumon de fontaine, Omble moucheté, Truite mouchetee, Saumonée, Truite de lac

German

Bachsaibling

Greek

Salvelinos

Icelandic

Lindableikja

Italian

Salmerino di fontana

Japanese

Kawamasu

Norwegian

Bekkeror, Bekkerøyr

Polish

Pstrąg żródlany

Portuguese

Truta-das-fontes

Russian

Американская палия, Американский голец

Serbo-Croat

Kanadska pastrva barjaktarica

Spanish

Salvelino, Trucha de arroyo

Swedish

Bäckröding

Turkish

Alabalık türü, Kaynak alabalygy

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Important group of some of which are harvested and dried. Laminaria spp. are a valuable source of certain carbohydrates such as Alginic acid, Laminarin and Mannitol. Ascophyllum nodosum is used for seaweed meal; some brown algae are used for animal feeding stuffs and as human food.

Danish

Brunalge

Dutch

Bruinwier

English

Brown algae

Finnish

Ruskolevä

French

Algue brune

German

Braunalge

Greek

Ρhýcos phýcia

Icelandic

Brúpörungur

Italian

Alga bruna

Japanese

Kassorui

Norwegian

Brunalge

Polish

Brunatnice

Portuguese

Alga castanha

Russian

Коричневые морские водоросли

Serbo-Croat

Smedja alga laminaria

Spanish

Alga parda

Swedish

Bladtång

Turkish

Kahverengi aiga

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Apristurus brunneus
See also Shark.

Danish

 

Dutch

Bruine kathaai

English

Brown cat shark

Finnish

 

French

Holbiche brune

German

Brauner Katzenhai

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

Gattuccio bruno

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

Rekinek brunatny

Portuguese

Tubarão-castanho

Russian

Коричневая (кошачья) акула

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Pejegato marrón

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Crangon crangon
The name Brown shrimp refers to several species in different waters.
See also shrimp.

Danish

Hestereje, Sandhest

Dutch

Garnaal

English

Brown shrimp, Common shrimp

Finnish

Hietakatkarapu

French

Crevette grise

German

Garnele, Granat, Nordseekrabbe, Speisekrabbe

Greek

Garída

Icelandic

Hrossarækja

Italian

Gamberetto grigio

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Hestereke

Polish

Krewetki

Portuguese

Camarão-negro, Camarão-mouro

Russian

Коричневая креветка

Serbo-Croat

Kozice

Spanish

Quisquilla

Swedish

Sandräka, Hästräka

Turkish

Kahverengi karides

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Large fat herring , sometimes headed, or nobbed (G.B.), Lightly salted and hot smoked; also called Pickling (U.S.A.). In Sweden 'Böckling' refers to smoked Baltic herring.

Danish

 

Dutch

Warmgerookte haring strobokking harderwijker

English

Buckling

Finnish

Savusilakka, Silli

French

Buckling

German

Bückling

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

Aringa grassa intera dorata

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Bøkling

Polish

Bałtycki śledż wędzony

Portuguese

 

Russian

Бюклинг, Мелкая сельдь горячего копчения

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

Böckling

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Fillets from Buckling, also packed in edible oil and marketed canned.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Buckling-filet (Germany)

Finnish

Savusilakka, Sillifilee

French

Buckling-filet (Allemagne)

German

Bückling-filet

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

Böcklingfilé

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Iridea laminaroides

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Buddha's ear

Finnish

 

French

 

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

Kurobaginnansô

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Stowage at sea of fish mixed with ice layers about 18 inches (45 cm) deep; each layer additionally protected by several inches of ice top and bottom. Herring are sometimes stowed in bulk at sea for short periods without ice.
See also Shelf stowage, Boxed stowage.

Danish

Ispakket løst i lasten

Dutch

Los gesort, In bulk aangevoerd

English

Bulk stowage

Finnish

Merellä jäitetty kala

French

Stockage en vrac

German

Hocken-Lagerung, Hocken-Stauung

Greek

Pagoma sto skaphos

Icelandic

Hillulagning

Italian

Stivaggio a bordo

Japanese

Bara zumi hyózó

Norwegian

 

Polish

Składowaine ryby luzem przesypanej lodem w przegrodach na statku

Portuguese

Armazenagem a granel

Russian

Хранение рыбы в тюрме со льдом

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

Stuvning i bulk

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Auxis rochei
See also Tuna.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Bullet tuna, Frigate mackerel, Bullet mackerel, Maru frigate mackerel

Finnish

 

French

Bonitou

German

Fregattmakrele

Greek

Koponi-Kopanaki

Icelandic

 

Italian

Tombarello

Japanese

Marusôda, Magatsuwo, Kubarai, Manba

Norwegian

Auxid

Polish

Tazar marun

Portuguese

Judeu

Russian

Макрелетунец

Serbo-Croat

Trup, Rumbac

Spanish

Melva

Swedish

Auxidmakrill, Auxid

Turkish

Tombik baligi, Gobene balıgı

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Rana catebeiana
 See also Frog.

Duncan, Vancouver Island, BC, Canada
(Photo: © Johnny Jensen)

Danish

 

Dutch

Brulkikvors

English

Bull frog

Finnish

Härkäsammakko

French

Grenouille japonaise

German

Amerikanisher Ochsenfrosch

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

Rana toro

Japanese

Shokuyô-gaeru

Norwegian

 

Polish

Żaba amerikańska

Portuguese

Rã-japonesa, Rã-toiro

Russian

Американская жаба

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

Oxgroda

Turkish

Kurbağa türü

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Carcharhinus leucas
See also Requiem shark.

Danish

Blåhaj, Tyrehaj

Dutch

Stierhaai

English

Bull shark, Cub shark

Finnish

Härkähi

French

Requin bouledogue

German

Stierhai

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

Zarłacz wielkogłowy

Portuguese

Tubaráo-buldogue

Russian

Тупорылая акула, Акула-бык

Serbo-Croat

Pas trupan

Spanish

Lamia, Tiburón sarda

Swedish

Gråhaj

Turkish

Köpek baliği türü

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Lota lota

Kotka, Finland
(Photos: © Johnny Jensen)

Danish

Ferskvandskvabbe, Knude

Dutch

Kwabaal

English

Burbot, Ellpout

Finnish

Made

French

Lotte, Bourbotte, Lotte de rivière, Moustelo, Moutelle

German

Quappe, Rutte, Trüsche, Aalquappe, Treische

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

Bottatrice

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Lake

Polish

Miętus

Portuguese

Lota-do-rio, Donzela

Russian

(Обыкновенныи) налим

Serbo-Croat

Manić

Spanish

Lota

Swedish

Lake

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Dry salted split freshwater fish, repacked with rice, salt and fermenting agent.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Buro (Philippines)

Finnish

 

French

Buro (Philippines)

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

Buro (Philippinerna)

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Name is used for various flatfishes, Flounder, Halibut and Turbot.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Butt

Finnish

 

French

 

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: I) Peprilus triacanthus and also Scatophagus multifasciatus

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

I) American butterfish, Butterfish, Dollar fish, Sheepshead, Pumpkin scad, Starfish

Finnish

Voikala

French

Stromatée, Stromaté fossette

German

Butterfisch

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

Fieto

Japanese

Ibodai

Norwegian

 

Polish

Pompil, Błyszczyk

Portuguese

Peixe-manteiga, Peixe-leme-do-Pacifico, Pampo

Russian

Центролофовые

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Pampano

Swedish

I) Amerikansk smörfisk, Smörfisk

Turkish

Tereyaıği balığı

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Family Chaetodontidae

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Butterflyfish, Angelfish

Finnish

Perhokala

French

Papillon

German

Schmetterlingsfisch, Kaiserfisch

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

Pesce angelo

Japanese

Kinchakudai

Norwegian

 

Polish

Ustnikowate

Portuguese

Peixe-borboleta

Russian

Цетинкозубые

Serbo-Croat

Sklat

Spanish

 

Swedish

Fjärilsfisk

Turkish

Kelebek baliıkları

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Paralichthys californicus
See Flounder.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

California halibut, California flounder

Finnish

 

French

Cardeau de Californie

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Lenguado de California

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
See South American pilchard (Sardinops sagax).

Danish

Sardine

Dutch

Californische pelser, Californische sardien, Japanese pelser

English

Californian pilchard, Japanese pilchard

Finnish

Kaliforniansardiini, Japaninsardiini, Perunsardiini

French

Sardinops de Californie, Pilchard du Japon

German

Kalifornische Sardine, Pazifische Sardine, Japanische Sardine

Greek

Sardella

Icelandic

Sardina

Italian

Sardina di california, Sardina australiana

Japanese

Iwashi, Sardinopa

Norwegian

Sardin

Polish

Sardynka kalifornijska

Portuguese

Sardinopa de Califórnia, Sardinopa-japonesa

Russian

Калифорнийская сардина

Serbo-Croat

Srdela

Spanish

Pilchard california, Sardina japonesa

Swedish

Kalifornisk sardin, Japansk sardin

Turkish

Japon yilan baligi

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
The fatty greenish flesh from carapace of the green turtle; the meat is also dried and, more rarely, smoked.
Calipee is a fatty, gelatinous, light yellow substance obtained from the plastron of turtles. Esteemed as a delicacy.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Calipash

Finnish

 

French

Calipash

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

Carne de tartaruga

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Fish packed in containers which have been hermetically sealed and sufficiently heated to destroy or inactivate all micro-organisms that will grow at any temperature at which the product is likely to be held and that will cause spoilage or that might be harmful.

Danish

Helkonserves af fisk

Dutch

Visvolconserven

English

Canned fish

Finnish

Kalatäyssäilyke

French

Poisson en conserve

German

Fischkonserven, Fischvollkonserven

Greek

Konsérva ihthiós

Icelandic

Niðursðinn fiskur

Italian

Pesce in scatola

Japanese

Gyorui kanzume

Norwegian

Varmesterilisert fisk, Helkonserve

Polish

Konserwy rybne

Portuguese

Conserva de peixe

Russian

Рыбные консервы

Serbo-Croat

Konzervirana riba, Riba u konzervi

Spanish

Pescado en conserva

Swedish

Helkonserv av fisk

Turkish

Konserve balık

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Merluccius capensis

Danish

 

Dutch

Zuidafrikaanseheek

English

Shallow-water Cape hake, Cape hake, Stockfish, South African whiting

Finnish

Kapinkummeliturzska

French

Merlu blanc du cap, Merluche

German

Kaphecht

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

Nasello del capo

Japanese

Merulûsa

Norwegian

 

Polish

Morszczuk kapski

Portuguese

Pescada-da-África-do-sul, Pescado-do-sudoeste-africano, Pescada

Russian

Южноафриканская (капская) мерлуза

Serbo-Croat

Oslić

Spanish

Merluza del cabo

Swedish

Kapkummel

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Mallotus villosus

Danish

Lodde

Dutch

Lodde

English

Capelin, Lodde

Finnish

Villakuore

French

Capelan atlantique

German

Lodde

Greek

 

Icelandic

Loðna

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Lodde

Polish

Gromadnik

Portuguese

Capelim

Russian

Мойва

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Capelan

Swedish

Lodda

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Applied only to herring which usually are stacked in barrels with salt after removal of viscera by means of a cut below the gills.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Caqués (France)

Finnish

 

French

Caqués

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Apogon imberbis

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Cardinalfish

Finnish

Kardinaaliahven

French

Apogon, Castagnole rouge, Roi des rougets, Coq

German

Kardinalfisch, Meerbarbenköning

Greek

Kromídi tsiboúki, Kardinalios

Icelandic

 

Italian

Ré di triglie

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

Apogon

Portuguese

Alcarraz

Russian

Апогоновые, Кардиналовые

Serbo-Croat

Matulić

Spanish

Moll reial, Salmonete real

Swedish

Kardinalfisk

Turkish

Kardinal baligi

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Preparation of salted anchovies from which the excess surface salt in the added the first preparation has been remived; the anchovies are laid out flat in regular layers, sprinkled with salt and then pressed.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Carne Carne (France)

Finnish

 

French

Carne à carne

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

Alla carne

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

Carne-a-carne

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

Soljenje ribe 'a carne'

Spanish

Carne con carne

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Tapes

Danish

Toppimusling

Dutch

Tapijtschelp

English

Carpet shell

Finnish

Mattosimpukka

French

Clovisse, Palourde

German

Teppichmuschel

Greek

Chávaro, Achivada

Icelandic

 

Italian

Vongole

Japanese

Asari

Norwegian

Gullskjell

Polish

Małże

Portuguese

Amêjoa-Boa

Russian

Морской петушок

Serbo-Croat

Kučica, Kopančica

Spanish

Almeja

Swedish

Tapesmusslor

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Cyprinus carpio carpio

Fjällkarp                              Spegelkarp
Aqua Freshwater Aquarium, Silkeborg, Denmark
(Photos: © Johnny Jensen)

Danish

Karpe, Læderkarpe, Mirror carp, Spejlkarpe

Dutch

Karper

English

Common carp, Carp

Finnish

Karppi

French

Carpe, Carpeau, Kerpaille

German

Weissfische, Karpfen, Karpen

Greek

Kyprinos, Grivadi

Icelandic

Karpar

Italian

Carpa

Japanese

Koi

Norwegian

Karpe

Polish

Karp

Portuguese

Carpa, Sarmão

Russian

Карп

Serbo-Croat

Saran

Spanish

Carpa

Swedish

Karp

Turkish

Sazan baligi, Adi pullu

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Water-soluble, edible colloidal extract from Red Algae (Carragéen) or Irish moss.
Colloïde hydrosoluble comestible extrait d'une algue rouge (Carraghéen).

Danish

Carragenin

Dutch

Carragenine

English

Carrageenin

Finnish

Karrageeni

French

Carra gheene

German

Carageen

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

Carragenina

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Caragenin

Polish

Karagen

Portuguese

Carragenina

Russian

Каррагенин (желирующее вещество)

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Carragahen, Carragahenina

Swedish

Karagenin

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Anarhichas lupus

Øresund Aquarium, Denmark
(Photos: © Johnny Jensen)

Danish

Havkat, Stribet havkat

Dutch

Zeewolf

English

Wolf-fish, Atlantic wolffish, Cat-fish, Wolffish

Finnish

Merikissa

French

Loup de l'Atlantique, Loup de mer

German

Gestreifter Katfisch, Gestreifter Seewolf, Seewolf

Greek

 

Icelandic

Steinbítur

Italian

Bavosa lupa, Lupa di mare

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Gråsteinbit, Steinbit

Polish

 

Portuguese

Peixe-lobo, Peixe-lobo-riscado

Russian

Зубатки

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Lobo, Perro del norte

Swedish

Havskatt

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Fish cut into pieces, fried in oil, laid in large earthenware container and pickled in vinegar, salt, spices, onion, etc.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Caveached fish (W. indies)

Finnish

 

French

Caveached fish (Caraïbes)

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Sturegon eggs very carefully detached from the roe, sorted and washed in cold water, then salted with fine salt; after a certain time of ripening consumed as hors d'oeuvre.
Also called Black caviar.
See also Caviar substitutes.

Danish

Kaviar

Dutch

Kaviaar

English

Caviar, Caviare, Black caviar

Finnish

Kaviaari

French

Caviar

German

Kaviar

Greek

Chaviári

Icelandic

Kaviar

Italian

Caviale

Japanese

Kyabla

Norwegian

Kaviar

Polish

Kawoir

Portuguese

Caviar

Russian

Икра

Serbo-Croat

Kavijar

Spanish

Caviar

Swedish

Rysk kaviar, Svart rysk kaviar

Turkish

Havyar

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Fish roe prepared like Caviar sometimes dyed; the final salt content usually 6% or more; principal species used are lumpsucker, bream, coalfish, cod, herring, mullet, pike, tuna. The designation usually is preceded by the name of  the fish, e.g. Cod caviar, Lumpsucker caviar; in some countries the country of origin is indicated, e.g. German caviar (Deutscher kaviar). Packed and marketed like Caviar. Similar products in Japan: Tarako or Momijiko (salted usually dyed roe of Alaska pollack), Hon-tarako (salted, usually dyed cod roe) or Karasumi (from mullet roe).

Danish

Kaviarerstatning

Dutch

Kaviaarsurrogaat

English

Caviar substitutes

Finnish

Kaviaari korvike

French

Succé-danés de caviar

German

Deutscher Kaviar, Kaviar-Ersatz

Greek

Haviári

Icelandic

Kavíar

Italian

Surrogati di caviale

Japanese

Momijiko, Tarako, Karasumi

Norwegian

Kaviarerstatning

Polish

Substytuty kawioru

Portuguese

Substitutos de caviar

Russian

Заменитель икры

Serbo-Croat

Nadomjestak za kavijar

Spanish

Sucedáneos de caviar

Swedish

Kaviar

Turkish

Havyer benzerleri

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Name used for some of Scomberomorus spp.: but more particularly refers to Scomberomorus regalis (Atlantic - U.S. Gulf Coast). Also called Pintado, Painted mackerel.
See Kingmackerel.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Cero

Finnish

 

French

Thazard franc

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Salvelinus spp.

Danish

Kildeørred, Fjældørred

Dutch

Riddervis, Bronforel

English

Char

Finnish

Nieriä

French

Omble

German

Saiblinge

Greek

 

Icelandic

Bleikja

Italian

Salmerino

Japanese

Iwana

Norwegian

Røye, Røyr

Polish

Golec zwyczajny, Pstrąg żródlany, Malma, Troć amerykańska

Portuguese

Salvelino-ártico

Russian

Голецы

Serbo-Croat

Pastrve, Barjaktarica

Spanish

Salvelino

Swedish

Röding

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Small haddock: also called Pinger or Ping Pong; in New England (U.S.A.) called Snapper haddock or Snapper.
See also Scrod (U.S.A.)

Danish

 

Dutch

Kleine schelvis, Braadschelvis

English

Chat haddock

Finnish

Pikkukolja

French

 

German

Kleiner Schellfisch, Bratschellfisch

Greek

 

Icelandic

Smáýsa

Italian

Piccolo asinello

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Småhyse

Polish

Mały plamiak

Portuguese

Arinca pequena

Russian

Молодь пикши

Serbo-Croat

Mala ugotica

Spanish

Pequeño eglefino

Swedish

Småkolja

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Oncorhynchus masou

Danish

 

Dutch

Japanse zalm, Masouzalm

English

Cherry salmon, Japanese salmon, Masu salmon

Finnish

Kirsikkalohi

French

Saumon japonais

German

Masu-Lachs

Greek

Solomos

Icelandic

 

Italian

Salmone giapponese

Japanese

Sakuramasu, Honmasu

Norwegian

Japansk laks, Masulaks

Polish

Łosoś japoński

Portuguese

Salmáo-japonês

Russian

Сима

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

Masulax, Japansk lax

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Fish jelly product of a cylindrical shape made by wrapping kneaded fish meat around a stick then baking it in a very hot oven.
Similar product (made from cheaper fish) Yakichikuwa.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Chikuwa (Japan)

Finnish

 

French

Chikuwa (Japon)

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

Chikuwa

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Merluccius gayi gayi

Danish

Kulmule

Dutch

Chileense heek

English

South Pacific hake, Chilean hake, Peruvian hake, Pacific hake, Silver hake

Finnish

Perunkummeliturska

French

Merlu du chili

German

Chilenischer Seehecht, Seehecht

Greek

Bakaliáros

Icelandic

Lýsingur

Italian

Nasello del cile

Japanese

Chiri-heiku

Norwegian

Lysing

Polish

Morszczuk chilijski

Portuguese

Pescada chilena, Pescado-do-Chile

Russian

Чилийская мерлуза

Serbo-Croat

Oslic

Spanish

Merluza, Huaycuya, Peje palo

Swedish

SydPacific kummel, Chilensk kummel

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Sardinops sagax

Danish

 

Dutch

Chileense pelser, Chileense sardien, Californische pelser, Californische sardien, Japanese pelser

English

South American pilchard, Chilean pilchard, Peruvian sardine, Australian pilchard, Californian pilchard, Japanese pilchard, Pacific sardine, Picton herring, Southern African pilchard

Finnish

Perunsardiini, Australiansardiini, Japaninsardiini, Kaliforniansardiini, Silmäsardiini

French

Sardinops du Chili, Pilchard de Californie, Pilchard de l'Afrique australe, Pilchard du Japon, Pilchard sudamèricain, Sardine du Pacifique, Sardinops d'Afrique du Sud, Sardinops d'Australie, Sardinops du Japon

German

Südamerikanische Sardine, Chilenische Sardine, Australische Sardine, Japanische Sardine, Kalifornische Sardine, Pazifische Sardine, Südafrikanische Sardine, Südpazifische Sardine

Greek

Sardélla

Icelandic

 

Italian

Sardina de cile, Sardina australiana, Sardina di California, Sardina giapponese

Japanese

Iwashi, Ma-iwashi, Sardinopa

Norwegian

Sardin

Polish

Sardynka pacyficzna, Sardynka japonska

Portuguese

Sardinopa-chilena, Sardina australiana, Sardinopa, Sardinopa da Australia, Sardinopa da Califórnia, Sardinopa-da-áfrica-do-sul, Sardinopa-da-Califórnia, Sardinopa-japonesa, Sardinops-da-Austrália

Russian

Тикоокеанский сардинопс, Тикоокеанский сардина

Serbo-Croat

Srdela

Spanish

Pilchard chileña, Pilchard california, Sardina, Sardina de Africa austral, Sardina de California, Sardina japonesa, Sardina Monterrey, Sardina sudafricana

Swedish

Chilesardin, Australisk sardin, Japansk sardin, Kalifornisk sardin

Turkish

Japon yilan baligi

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Fish kept at or close to the temperature of melting ice (0ºC, 32ºF), but not frozen.
Also called Wet fish or Fresh fish (most common designation in U.S.A.).
See also Superchilling and Chill storage.

Danish

Kølet fisk (iset fisk)

Dutch

Gekoelde vis

English

Chilled fish

Finnish

Jäähdytetty kala

French

Poisson réfrigéré

German

Gekühlter Fisch (in Eis)

Greek

Psár ipagoméno

Icelandic

Ïsaður fiskur

Italian

Pesce refrigerato

Japanese

Hyôhzô-gyo

Norwegian

Kjølt fisk

Polish

Ryba chłodzona

Portuguese

Peixe refrigerado

Russian

Охлажденная рыба

Serbo-Croat

Ohladiena riba

Spanish

Pescado refrigerado

Swedish

Kyld fisk

Turkish

Dondurulmus balik

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name:
Storage at temperature of melting ice (0ºC, 32ºF).
Distinguish from Cold storage.
See also Chilled fish and Superchilling.

Danish

Kølelagring

Dutch

Gekoelde opslag

English

Chill storage

Finnish

Kylmävarasto

French

Stockage réfrigére

German

Kühlauslagerung

Greek

 

Icelandic

Isun, Kæling

Italian

 

Japanese

Hyôhzô

Norwegian

 

Polish

Składowaine chłodnicze

Portuguese

Armazenagem

Russian

Хранение охлажденной рыбы около 0ºC

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

Kyllagring

Turkish

Soğutulmus muhafaza

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Chimaera monstrosa

Danish

Havmus

Dutch

 

English

Rabbit fish, Chimaera, Sea rat

Finnish

Sillikunigas

French

Chimère, Monstrueuse

German

Seeratte, Spöke, Meerkatze

Greek

Himera, Gátos, Chimera

Icelandic

Geirnyt

Italian

Chimera

Japanese

Ginzame

Norwegian

Havsmus, Hågylling

Polish

Chimera, Chimera a. przeraza

Portuguese

Ratazana

Russian

Химеровые

Serbo-Croat

Himera

Spanish

Quimera, Gato de mar

Swedish

Havsmus

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Oncorhynchus tshawytscha
Largest of the five main species of Pacific salmon.

12 kg - British Columbia, Canada
(Photos: © Johnny Jensen)

Danish

 

Dutch

Chinook zalm

English

Chinook salmon, Chinook, King salmon, Spring salmon, Black salmon, Chub salmon, Tyee

Finnish

Kuningaslohi

French

Saumon royal

German

Königlachs, Quinnat

Greek

Solomos

Icelandic

 

Italian

Salmone reale

Japanese

Masunosuke

Norwegian

Chinook

Polish

Czawycza

Portuguese

Salmão-real

Russian

Чавыча

Serbo-Croat

Vrsta lososa

Spanish

Salmon chinook

Swedish

Kungslax, Chinook

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Scomber japonicus
See also Mackerel.

Trivandrum, Kerala, India
(Photo: © Johnny Jensen)

Danish

Spansk makrel

Dutch

Spaanse makreel

English

Chub mackerel, Spanish mackerel, Thimble-eyed mackerel, Southern mackerel

Finnish

Japaninmakrilli

French

Maquereau espagnol, Maquereau blanc

German

Spanische Makrele

Greek

Koliós

Icelandic

Spánskur makrill

Italian

Lanzardo, Sgombro cavallo

Japanese

Honsaba, Hirasaba, Masaba

Norwegian

Spansk makrell

Polish

Makrela kolias

Portuguese

Cavala

Russian

Западноатлантическая скумбрия

Serbo-Croat

Lokarda, Plavica

Spanish

Estornino

Swedish

Bredpannig makrill, Spansk makrill, Japansk makrill

Turkish

Kolyoz