Scientific name:
Gutted small eel, fried and packed in fine edible oil. See also Bratfischwaren.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Aalpricken (Germany)

Finnish

 

French

Aalpricken (Allemange)

German

Aalpricken

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian  
Japanese  
Norwegian
Polish  
Portuguese  
Russian  
Serbo-Croat  
Spanish  
Swedish

Aalpricken (Tyskland)

Turkish  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

Scientific name: Haliotidae
Mollusc. See also Ormer.

Danish

Sřřre

Dutch

Zeeoor

English

Abalone

Finnish

Abaloni, Merikorva

French

Ormeau

German

Seeohr

Greek

Haliotis, Aftí thálassis

Icelandic

Sćeyra

Italian

Orechia marina

Japanese

Awabi, Tokobushi

Norwegian

 

Polish

Uchowiec abalon

Portuguese

Orelha

Russian

Морское ушко

Serbo-Croat

Petrovo uho

Spanish

Oreja de mar

Swedish

Havsöra

Turkish

Deniz kulağı

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

Scientific name:
Name used in U.K. for Angel shark, Anglerfish.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Abbot, Angel shark, Anglerfish

Finnish

 

French

Abbot, Ange de mer, Baudroie

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Scientific name:
Fish and seafoods preserved in acidified brine or jelly with or without spices or other flavouring agents; in certain instances, salt is not essential. See also Marinade, Vinegar Cured Fish.

Danish

Syrnet fisk

Dutch

Vis in gelei

English

Acid cured fish

Finnish

Marinoitu kala

French

Poisson ŕ la marinade

German

Marinade

Greek

Marináta

Icelandic

Sursađur fiskur

Italian

Pesce mairnato

Japanese

Suzuke

Norwegian

Syrebehandlet fisk (Marinert fisk)

Polish

Marynaty rybne

Portuguese

Peixe curado em molho ácido

Russian

Маринованная консервиррованная рыба

Serbo-Croat

Kiselinom obradjena riba marinada

Spanish

Escabeche

Swedish

Marinerad fisk

Turkish

Asitlerle oldurulmus balık

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

Scientific name:
Colloidal extract from Red Algae, particularly from Chondrus, Gelidium, Gigartina and Gracilaria spp; a solution in hot water sets to a firm jelly which is used as a base for culture media for growing bacteria, and as a gelling agent in food manufacture, also used in the textile and medical industries.

Danish

Agar

Dutch

Agar

English

Agar

Finnish

Agar

French

Agar

German

Agar

Greek

Agar-agar

Icelandic

Agar

Italian

Agar-agar

Japanese

Kanten

Norwegian

Agar

Polish

Agar

Portuguese

Ágar

Russian

Агар

Serbo-Croat

Agar

Spanish

Agar

Swedish

Agar, Agar-agar

Turkish

Agar

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

Scientific name: Theragra chalcogramma

Danish

 

Dutch

Alaska koolvis

English

Alaska pollack, Walleye pollack

Finnish

Alaskanseiti

French

Lieu de l'Alaska

German

Pazifischer Polardorsch

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

Merluzzo dell'alaska

Japanese

Suketôdara, Sukesôdara, Sukesô

Norwegian

 

Polish

Minthaj

Portuguese

Escmundo-do-alasca

Russian

Минтай, аляскинский поллак

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Abadejo de alasca

Swedish

Alaska bleka

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

Scientific name:
See Pacific herring (Culpea harengus pallasii) preserved by slightly modified version of Scotch cure method of salting; made in Alaska and British Colombia.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Alaska Scotch cured herring.

Finnish

 

French

 

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Scientific name: Thunnus alalunga

Danish

Albacore

Dutch

Witte tonijn

English

Albacore, Long finned tuna, White tuna, Pacific albacore, Long finned albacore

Finnish

Valkotonnikala

French

Germon

German

Weisser Thun

Greek

Tónnos macrýpteros

Icelandic

Tünfiskur

Italian

Tonno bianco, Alalonga

Japanese

Binnagamaguro, Binnaga, Bincho, Tombo

Norwegian

Albakor

Polish

Tuńcyk biały

Portuguese

Atum voador

Russian

Альбакор, Длийноперый тунец

Serbo-Croat

Dugoperajni tunj, B˙eli turis, Šilac

Spanish

Albacora, Atún blanco

Swedish

Lĺngfenad tonfisk, Vit tonfisk, Albacora

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

Scientific name: Alosa pseudoharengus

Danish

Majsild, Stamsild

Dutch

Amerikaanse rivierharing

English

Alewife, River herring

Finnish

Harmaasilli

French

Alose gaspareau, Gasparot

German

Maifisch

Greek

Frissa, Sardellomána

Icelandic

Augnasíld

Italian

Falsa-aringa atlantica

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Maisild, Stamsild

Polish

Aloza wielkooka

Portuguese

Alosa cinzenta

Russian

Сельдеобразный помолобус, Сероспинка

Serbo-Croat

Lojka, Scepa

Spanish

Pinchagua

Swedish

Stamsill, Majsill

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Scientific name: Beryx splendens

Danish

 

Dutch

Roodbars

English

Splendid alfonsino, Alfonsino

Finnish

Hohtolimapää

French

Beryx

German

Südlicher kaiserbarsch

Greek

 

Icelandic

Fagurserkur

Italian

Berice rosso

Japanese

Kinmedai, Kinme

Norwegian

 

Polish

Beryks wspaniały

Portuguese

Imperador-costa-estreita, Imperador

Russian

Берикс, Обыкновенный (низкотелый) берикс

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Besugo americano

Swedish

Mindre beryx

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Scientific name:
Organic compound, related to carbohydrates, extracted from Brown Algae, particularly Laminaria spp, used in the food industry as a stabilizer and a thickener; its salts, the Alginates, are also used in industrial processes.

Danish

Alginat

Dutch

Alginaat

English

Alginic acid

Finnish

Alginaatti

French

Acide alginique

German

Alginate

Greek

Algin

Icelandic

Alginat

Italian

Algina

Japanese

Arugin-san

Norwegian

Alginat

Polish

Kwas alginowy

Portuguese

Alginato

Russian

Альгиновая кислота

Serbo-Croat

Alginat

Spanish

Alginato

Swedish

Alginat

Turkish

Alinik asit

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

Scientific name: Alosa alosa

0.05 Kg - Guadiana River, Extremadura, Spain
(Photo: © Johnny Jensen)

Danish

Majsild, Stamsild

Dutch

Elft

English

Allis shad, Allice shad, Alewife, Rock herring

Finnish

Pikkusilli

French

Alose vraie

German

Alse, Maifisch

Greek

Fríssa, Sardellomána

Icelandic

 

Italian

Alaccia

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Maisild

Polish

Aloza finta

Portuguese

Sável

Russian

Европейская алоза

Serbo-Croat

Atlantska lojka, Čepa

Spanish

Sábalo

Swedish

Majfisk, Stamsill

Turkish

Tirsi

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

Scientific name:
Portuguese salt cod from which some of the salt has been removed between the stages of washing and drying, by soaking the product in water; final salt content is about 18% and the product has a characteristic yellow appearance.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Amarelo cure (Portugal), Yellow cure

Finnish

 

French

Amarelo cure (Portugal)

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

Baccalŕ portoghese giallo

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

Cura amarela

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Bacalao salado amarillo

Swedish

Amarelo cure (Portugal)

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Scientific name:
Waxy substances, varying in colour from white to almost black, which accumulate in the intestine of the Sperm whale. Ambreine and Epicoprostanol are two important typical chemicals in these complex substances. Used mainly as a fixative in the perfume industry, the demand for the natural product has been much reduced by the manufacture of synthetic substitutes.

Danish

Ambra

Dutch

Amber

English

Ambergris

Finnish

Ambra

French

Ambre gris

German

Ambra

Greek

 

Icelandic

Hvalsuki (ambra)

Italian

Ambra grigia

Japanese

Ryűzenkô

Norwegian

Ambra

Polish

Ambra

Portuguese

Âmbar cinzento

Russian

Серая амбра

Serbo-Croat

Ambra

Spanish

Ambar gris

Swedish

Ambra

Turkish

Amber

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Scientific name: Anguilla rostrata

Danish

 

Dutch

Amerikaanse aal

English

American eel

Finnish

Amerikanankerias

French

Anguille d'Amerique

German

Amerikanischer aal

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

Anguilla americana

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

Węgorz amerykański

Portuguese

Enguia-americana

Russian

Американский (речной) үгорь

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Anguilla americana

Swedish

Amerikansk ĺl

Turkish

Yılanbaliği (Amerika)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

Scientific name: Hippoglossoides platessoides

Řresund Aquarium, Denmark
(Photos: © Johnny Jensen)

Danish

Hĺising

Dutch

Lange schar

English

American plaice

Finnish

Liejukampela

French

Balai de l'Atlantique

German

Rauhe Scharbe, Doggerscharbe

Greek

Glassáki-chomatida

Icelandic

Skrápflúra

Italian

Passera canadese

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Gapeflyndre

Polish

Niegładzica

Portuguese

Solha americana

Russian

Европейская камбалаерш

Serbo-Croat

Iverak

Spanish

Platija americana

Swedish

Lerskädda, Lerflundra, Glipskädda

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

Scientific name: Alosa sapidissima

Danish

 

Dutch

Amerikaanse elft

English

American shad

Finnish

Amerikankankantasilli

French

Alose savoureuse

German

Amerikanischer Maifisch

Greek

 

Icelandic

Augnasěld

Italian

Alaccia americana

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

Aloza amerykańska

Portuguese

Sável-americano

Russian

Амернканский шед

Serbo-Croat

Američka lojka

Spanish

Sabalo americano

Swedish

Amerikansk stamsill, Vit staksill, Shad

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

Scientific name:
Sprat and herring (mostly small) preserved with a mixture of salt and sugar or starched sugar products with or without spices, saltpetre or otherflavouring agents. As raw material often Matje Cured Herring. Semi-Preserve, also with preserving additives. See also Spiced Cured Fish, Delicatessen Fish Products, Appetitsild.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Anchosen (Germany)

Finnish

 

French

Anchosen (Allemagne)

German

Anchosen

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

Anchosen (Tyskland)

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Scientific name: Engraulis ringens
Basis for Peruvian fish meal industry. See also Anchovy.

Danish

 

Dutch

Peruaanse ansjovis

English

Anchoveta

Finnish

Perunasardelli

French

Anchois de Perou

German

Peru-Sardelle

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

Acciuga del cile

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Anchoveta

Polish

Sardela peruwiańska

Portuguese

Biqueirâo do Perú, Anchoveta

Russian

Перүанский анчоүс

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

Peruansk ansjovis, Chileansjovis

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

Scientific name: Engraulis encrasicolus

Danish

Ansjos

Dutch

Ansjovis

English

European anchovy, Anchovy, Northern anchovy, North Pacific anchovy, Japanese anchovy, Bay anchovy, Striped anchovy

Finnish

Sardelli

French

Anschois

German

Sardelle

Greek

Antjúga, Gěavros

Icelandic

Ansjósa

Italian

Acciuga, Alice ancioa

Japanese

Katakuchiiwashi

Norwegian

Ansjos

Polish

Sardelowate

Portuguese

Biqueirăo, Enchova

Russian

Анчоүсовые

Serbo-Croat

Brgljun, Inćun

Spanish

Anchoa, Boquerón

Swedish

Europeisk ansjovis, Ansjovis (fisk)

Turkish

Hamsi

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 


 

Scientific name:
Similar products in Scandinavia: Scandinavian anchovy, Christiania anchovies (Norway) prepared similarly to anchovy; Sprats or small herring gutted or ungutted also as fillets, spice cured in brine also with flavouring agents, packed in barrels, sometimes repacked in cans or glass jars with brine or salt or edible oil.
Semi-preserves, also with preservative additives. See Anchosen, Appetitsild. In Sweden the term Sardell is used for anchovies of Engraulis encrasicolus in cans and the term Ansjovis for spice cured sprats in cains.

Danish

 

Dutch

Ansjovis

English

Anchovis (Germany)

Finnish

Anjovissäilyke

French

Anchovis (Allemagne))

German

Anchovis

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Christiania anchovies

Polish

Anchovis

Portuguese

Enchovagem

Russian

Анчоүс

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Espadines o arenques anchoados

Swedish

Ansjovis

Turkish

Ançuez

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

Scientific name:
Anchovy paste mixed with butter. In Germany the product Sardellenbutter contains at last 33% clarified butter, in France 10%. Similar product prepared from shrimps.

Danish

 

Dutch

Ansjovis boter

English

Anchovy butter

Finnish

Anjovisvoi

French

Beurre d'anchois

German

Sardellenbutter

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

Burro d'acciughe, Pasta d'acciughe con burro

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Ansjossmřr

Polish

Masło anchovy

Portuguese

Manteiga de enchova

Russian

Анчоүсовое масло

Serbo-Croat

Pasta inćuna s maslacem, Srdelaa pasta s maslacem

Spanish

Crema de anchoas

Swedish

Ansjovissmör

Turkish

Hamsi yaği

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

Scientific name:
Anchovy paste mixed with vegetable oil to give creamy consistency (Europe); in France at least 10% oil.

Danish

 

Dutch

Ansjovis pasta

English

Anchovy cream

Finnish

Anjoviskreeml

French

Crčme d'anchois

German

Sardellencreme

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

Crema di acciughe all' olio

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Ansjoskrem

Polish

Krem anchovy

Portuguese

Creme de enchova

Russian

Анчоүсовый крем

Serbo-Croat

Pasta inćuna s uljem

Spanish

Pasta de anchoas

Swedish

Ansjoviskräm

Turkish

Hamsi kremi

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

Scientific name:
Flavouring extract made from pounded anchovies and herbs etc. may be canned.

Danish

 

Dutch

Ansjovis essence (extract)

English

Anchovy essence

Finnish

Anjovisneste

French

Essence d'anchois

German

Sardellenessenz

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

Essenza di acciughe alle erbe

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Ansjosessens

Polish

Esencja (ekstrakt) anchovy

Portuguese

Essęncia de enchova

Russian

Анчоүсовый зкстрак

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Esencia de anchoas

Swedish

Ansjovisextrakt

Turkish

Hamsi esansi

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

Scientific name:
Ground Anchovy packed in stone jars, covered with a mixture of common salt, saltpetre, bay salt, sal prunella, and few grains of cochineal; allowed to ripen for six months (Europe); ground and packed in jars cans. Smoked Anchovy paste prepared from hot-smoked anchovies. In some countries the raw material may be Sprat; see Anchovis (Germany). In Germany salt content not more than 20% on weight basis.

Danish

Ansjospasta

Dutch

Ansjovis pastei

English

Anchovy paste

Finnish

Ansjovistahna

French

Pâte d'anchois

German

Sardellenpaste

Greek

Pásta anchoúia

Icelandic

 

Italian

Pasta d'acciughe, Pasta d'acciughe affumicate

Japanese

Anchobi pęsuto

Norwegian

Ansjospostei

Polish

Pasta anchovy

Portuguese

Pasta de enchova

Russian

Анчоүсовая паста

Serbo-Croat

Slana pasta od inćuna

Spanish

Pasta fermentada de anchoas

Swedish

Ansjovispastej

Turkish

Hamsi macunu

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

Scientific name:
Trade name in U.K. for frozen turtle.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Angel

Finnish

 

French

 

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Scientific name:
In U.K. recommended trade name for Angel Shark.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Angelfish

Finnish

 

French

 

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Scientific name: Squatina squatina

Danish

Havengel

Dutch

Zeeängel

English

Angelshark, Monkfish, Fiddle fish, Shark ray, Abbot, Angelfish, Pacific Angel, Atlantic angel, Japanese angel

Finnish

Merienkeli

French

Ange de mer, Ange du Pacifique, Ange de l'Atlantique,

German

Meerengel, Engelhai

Greek

Ángelos, Rěna, Vióli, Lýra

Icelandic

Barđaháfur

Italian

Squadro, Pesce angelo

Japanese

Korozame, Kasuzame

Norwegian

Havengel

Polish

Anioł morski, Raszpla kalifornijska, Ryna

Portuguese

Anjo

Russian

Морскиеангелы, Американский морской ангел, Европейский морской ангел

Serbo-Croat

Sklat

Spanish

Angelote

Swedish

Havsängel

Turkish

Keler

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

 

Scientific name: Lophius piscatorius

Northsea Aquarium, Denmark
(Photo: © Johnny Jensen)
 

Danish

Havtaske, Bredflab

Dutch

Zeeduivel, Hozemond

English

Angler, Anglerfish, Monkfish, Goosefish, Abbot, Allmouth, Fishing frog, Frog-fish, Monk, Sea devil

Finnish

Merikrotti

French

Baudroie, Lotte, Baudroie commune

German

Seeteufel, Angler

Greek

Vatrochópsaro

Icelandic

Skötuselur

Italian

Rana pescatrice, Rospo, Martino

Japanese

Anko

Norwegian

Breiflabb

Polish

Zabnica, Nawęd

Portuguese

Tamboril

Russian

Морской черт

Serbo-Croat

Grdobina

Spanish

Rape

Swedish

Marulk, (kallas Kotlettfisk utan huvud och skinn)

Turkish

Fener baliğgi

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 


 

Scientific name:
The four main outlets for fish-based animal feeding stuffs are as farm animal foods, pet foods, furbearing animal foods and fish hatchery food. The more important raw materials are Fish silage, Fish soluble, Fish meal, Fish waste, Fish eggs and Seaweed meal. In Japan Yogyo-jiryo refers to feeding stuffs for fish culture.

Danish

Dyrefoder

Dutch

Diervoedsel

English

Animal feeding stuffs

Finnish

Eläintenrehu

French

Aliments simples pour animaux

German

Futtermittel

Greek

 

Icelandic

Dýrafóđur

Italian

Alimenti zootecnici

Japanese

Shiryô, Jiryô

Norwegian

Dyrefor

Polish

Mączka rybna paszowa

Portuguese

Produtos marinhos para raçőes

Russian

Животные пищевые вещества (отходы)

Serbo-Croat

Hrana za životinje

Spanish

Materias primas, Marinas y susderivados, Destinados a piensos

Swedish

Djurföda

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

Scientific name:
The most important antibiotics for fish preservation are Aureomycin (CTC chlortetracycline), Terramycin, (oxytetracycline) and Tetracycline. In some countries, regulations do not permit antibiotics to be used for preservation.

Danish

Antibiotika

Dutch

Antibiotica

English

Antibiotics

Finnish

Antibiootti

French

Anti-biotiques

German

Antibiotika

Greek

Antivioticá

Icelandic

Fúkalyf

Italian

Antibiotici

Japanese

Kôseeibusshitsu

Norwegian

Antibiotika

Polish

Antybiotyki

Portuguese

Antibióticos

Russian

Антибиотики

Serbo-Croat

Antibiotici

Spanish

Antibióticos

Swedish

Antibiotika

Turkish

Antibiyotikler

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

Scientific name:
Term sometimes used by specialists for Canned fish in order to avoid confusion with Semi-preserves.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Appertisation

Finnish

 

French

Appertisation

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

Apertyzacja, Wytwarzanie konserw

Portuguese

 

Russian

Производство консерв

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Scientific name:
Skinned fillets of spice cured sprats packed in solutions of vinegar, salt, sugar and spices or other flavouring agents. See also Anchovis and Anchosen (Germany), In Norway also small herring (13 to 16 cm) might be used.

Danish

Appetitsild

Dutch

Appetitsild

English

Appetitsild

Finnish

Voileipäsilli

French

Appetitsild

German

Appetitsild

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

Filetti di papalina marinati

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Appetittsild

Polish

 

Portuguese

Filete de espadilha com especiarias

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Filetes anchoados de espadin

Swedish

Aptitsill (skinn-och benfri ansjovis)

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

Scientific name: Osteoglossidae
Specimens up to 230 kg weight; caught in Orinoco and other rivers. Also called Piraruku (Brazil) Piraya, Paiche (Peru).

Danish

Arapaima

Dutch

 

English

Arapaima

Finnish

Arapaima

French

Arapaima

German

Knochenzüngler

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

Arapaima

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

Arapaima

Portuguese

Arapaema

Russian

Костноязыкие

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Arapaima

Swedish

Dentungor

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Scientific name:
Haddock, gutted, headed and cleaned but not split; dry salted or pickled in 80% brine for up to one hour, then smoked for several hours, first in cold smoke, then in hot smoke. Also known as Auchmithie cure, Close fish, Pinwiddie. See also Smokie.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Arbroath smokie (Scotland)

Finnish

 

French

 

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Scientific name: Salvelinus alpinus

Paradise Valley, Greenland
(Photos: © Johnny Jensen)

Danish

Fjćldřrred

Dutch

Riddervis

English

Charr, Arctic char, Salmon trout, Mountain trout, Char, Trout

Finnish

Nieriä

French

Omble chevalier, Omble, Truite

German

Saibling, Seesaibling

Greek

 

Icelandic

Bleikja

Italian

Salvelino ártico

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Arktisk rřye, Rřyr

Polish

Golec zwyczajny

Portuguese

 

Russian

Арктический голец

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Salvelino

Swedish

Fjällröding

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

Scientific name: Liopsetta glacialis

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Arctic flounder, Polar plaice

Finnish

 

French

Flet

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

Passera artica

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

Lodzica

Portuguese

Solhăo ártico

Russian

Полярная камбала

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Scientific name: a) Argentina sphyraena b) Argentina silus

b) Argentina silus
Vannřya, Norway
(Photo: © Johnny Jensen)

Danish

a) Strřmsild b) Guldlaks

Dutch

Zilversmelt

English

a) Argentine, Silver smelt, Lesser silver smelt, Lesser argentine
b) Greater argentine, Great silver smelt, Smelt, Herring smelt, Atlantic argentine

Finnish

a) Hopeakuore b) Kultakuore

French

a) Argentine, Petite argentine b) Grande argentine, Saumon doré

German

a) Glasauge b) Goldlachs

Greek

Guorlomátis

Icelandic

Gulllax

Italian

Argentina

Japanese

Nigisu

Norwegian

a) Strřmsild b) Vassild

Polish

Argentyna

Portuguese

Argentina

Russian

Аргентина

Serbo-Croat

Srebrenica

Spanish

Pejerrey, Pez de plata

Swedish

a) Silverfisk b) Guldlax, Strömsill

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Arca noae

Danish

 

Dutch

Arkschelp

English

Arkshell, Noah's ark

Finnish

Noanarkki

French

Arche, Arche de noé

German

Archenmuschel

Greek

Calognómi

Icelandic

 

Italian

Arca di noé

Japanese

Akagai, Mogi sarubo

Norwegian

 

Polish

Małż jadalny z gatunku arcidae

Portuguese

Arca de noé

Russian

Арка бородатая

Serbo-Croat

Papak, Mušala

Spanish

Pepitona, Arca de noé

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

Scientific name: Peristedion cataphractum

Danish

Panserulk

Dutch

Gepantserde poon

English

African armoured searobin, Armed gurnard, Mailed gurnard

Finnish

Panssarikurnusimppu

French

Mallarmat

German

Panzerhahn

Greek

Kapóni, Keratás

Icelandic

Urrari

Italian

Pesce forca

Japanese

Kihôbô

Norwegian

Panserulke

Polish

Zbrojownik

Portuguese

Cabra de casca

Russian

Панцирная тригла, Перистедион

Serbo-Croat

Kokot turčin (lastavica)

Spanish

Rubio armado

Swedish

Pansarhane

Turkish

Dikenliöksüz

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

Scientific name: Reinhardtius  stomias
See also Flounder.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Arrowtooth flounder

Finnish

 

French

Faux fletán du Pacifique

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

Fladra strzalozebna

Portuguese

Alabote-dente-curvo

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

Piltandad helgeflundra

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

Scientific name: Reinhardtius evermanni

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Kamchatka flounder, Arrowtooth halibut

Finnish

 

French Flétan du Pacifique
German

Pfeilzahn-Heilbutt

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

Abura garei

Norwegian

 

Polish

Flądra strzałozębna, Kulbak azjatycki

Portuguese

Alabote japonęs

Russian

Азиатский стрелозүбый палтүс

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

Kamchatkahelgeflundra

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Scientific name: Atherina presbyter

Danish

Stribefisk

Dutch

Koornaarvis, Kleine koornaavis

English

Sand smelt, Atherine

Finnish

Hopeakylki

French

Athérine

German

Ährenfisch

Greek

Atherina

Icelandic

 

Italian

Lattarino

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

Ateryna

Portuguese

Peixe-rei

Russian

Атерина

Serbo-Croat

Gavuni, Zeleniši

Spanish

Pejerrey, Cabezuda

Swedish

Prästfisk

Turkish

Gümüs, Aterina

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

Scientific name: Pleurogrammus azonus

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Atka mackerel

Finnish

 

French

Terpuga, Terpuga arabesque

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

Hokke, Yase-ainame

Norwegian

 

Polish

Terpuga

Portuguese

Lingue-de-atka, Línguas-de-căo

Russian

Северный одноперый терпүг, Морскойленок

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Scientific name: Sarda sarda

Danish

Rygstribet pelamide

Dutch

Bonito

English

Atlantic bonito, Pelamid, Belted bonito, Bonito, Short finned tunny, Horse mackerel

Finnish

Sarda

French

Bonite á dos raye, Pélamide, Sarde

German

Pelamide

Greek

Palamída

Icelandic

Rákungur

Italian

Palamita

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Stripet pelamide

Polish

Pelamida

Portuguese

Sarrajâo

Russian

Атлантический бонито, Атлантическая пеламида

Serbo-Croat

Pastirica, Palamida, Polanda

Spanish

Bonito

Swedish

Atlantisk bonito, Ryggstrimmig pelamid

Turkish

Palamut torik

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

Scientific name: Micropogonias  undulatus
See also Croaker.

Danish

Řrnefisk

Dutch

Ombervis

English

Atlantic croaker, Crocus hardhead

Finnish

Rumpukala

French

Tambour brésilien

German

Adlerfisch

Greek

Kránios

Icelandic

 

Italian

Scienidi

Japanese

Guchi, Ishimochi, Nibe

Norwegian

 

Polish

Mikun

Portuguese

Corvina, Rabeta-brasileira

Russian

Крокер, Волнистый горбыль

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Corbina, Corvinón brasileńo

Swedish

Havsgös

Turkish

Iskine, Mavrusgil baligi

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

Scientific name: Salmo salar

Aqua Freshwater Aquarium, Silkeborg, Denmark
(Photos: © Johnny Jensen)

Danish

Laks

Dutch

Zalm

English

Atlantic salmon

Finnish

Lohi

French

Saumon atlantique

German

Lachs

Greek

Solomós

Icelandic

Lax

Italian

Salmone del reno

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Laks (atlantisk)

Polish

Łosoś

Portuguese

Salmâo-do atlântico

Russian

Атлантичесий лосось, Семга

Serbo-Croat

Losos, Salmon

Spanish

Simón

Swedish

Lax (Atlantisk)

Turkish

Alabalık (atlantik)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

Scientific name: Arripis trutta

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Eastern Australien salmon, Australien salmon

Finnish

 

French

Kahawai

German

Kahawai

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

Łosos australijski, Aripis, Aripis, Losos australijski

Portuguese

Peixe-grosa-australiano

Russian

Австралийский лосось, Большой аррип

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

Östaustralisk lax

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Scientific name: Pagellus acarne

Danish

 

Dutch

Spaanse zeebrasem

English

Axillary seabream, Spanish bream, Spanish sea bream

Finnish

Pagelli

French

Pageot acarne

German

Meerbrasse

Greek

Mousmouli

Icelandic

 

Italian

Pagello bastardo

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

Morlesz krwisty

Portuguese

Besugo

Russian

Серебристый (длиннорылый) пегаль, Бесүго

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Aligote

Swedish

Pagell

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

Scientific name: Plecoglossus altivelis
One of the most palatable freshwater fishes of Japan, also reared in pounds in Japan.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Ayu sweetfish

Finnish

Aju

French

Ayu

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

Ayu

Norwegian

 

Polish

Aju

Portuguese

 

Russian

Аю

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Scientific name:
Generally dried salted cod; in countries otherthan Spain may also include other species (see Klipfish).
See also cod.

Danish

Klipfisk

Dutch

Stokvis

English

Bacalao (Spain)

Finnish

Kuivattu suolattu turska

French

Bacalao (Espagne)

German

Klippfisch

Greek

Bakaliáros

Icelandic

Saltifiskur (fullverkadur)

Italian

Baccalá

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Klippfisk

Polish

Klipfisz

Portuguese

Bacalhau

Russian

Треска

Serbo-Croat

Suhi bakalar-bakalar

Spanish

Bacalao

Swedish

Kabeljo

Turkish

Bakalyaro

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Scientific name:
Fermented salted fish paste usually made from dilis, an anchovy type fish (Stolephorus indicus) or from young herring; packed in cans or bottles.
See Shiokara.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Bagoong (Philippines)

Finnish

 

French

Bagoong (Philippines)

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

Bagoong (Philippinerna)

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Scientific name:
Salted fish product made from tuna (Euthynnus affinis and Auxis thazard); head and guts removed,each side slashed and then flattened with the pressure of the hand.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Bagoong tulingan (Philippines)

Finnish

 

French

Bagoong tulingan (Philippines)

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

Bagoong tulingan (Philippinerna)

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Scientific name:
Fermented fish product. Similar product in Japan.
See Shiokara.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Bakasang (Indonesia)

Finnish

 

French

Bakasang (Indonésie)

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

Bakasang (Indonesien)

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Scientific name:
Herring cooked by baking in the oven without vinegar.

Danish

 

Dutch

Gestoofde haring, Gebakken haring

English

Baked herring, Soused herring

Finnish

Uunisilli

French

Hareng au four

German

Gebackener Hering

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

Aringa arrostita

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Bakt sild (ovnsbakt)

Polish

Śledź opiekany

Portuguese

Arenque cozido

Russian

Запеченная сельль

Serbo-Croat

Pečena heringa

Spanish

Arenque cocido

Swedish

Ugnstekt sill

Turkish

Fırında ringa

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

Scientific name:
Fermented paste made from fish or shrimps. Similar product in Japan Shiokara.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Balachong (Malaysia)

Finnish

 

French

Balachong (Malaisie)

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

Balachong (Malaysia)

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Scientific name:
Salted fish product, usually a whole large fish. Approximately 20% by weight of salt is added to allow controlled bacterial action during the six to eight months' ageing process; usually warmed in vinegar before serving.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Balbakwa (Philippines)

Finnish

 

French

Balbakwa (Philippines)

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

Balbakwa (Philippinerna)

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Scientific name:
Dried salted dark flesh of sturgeon, lightly salted and sun dried.
Also called Balyk.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Balik (Turkey)

Finnish

 

French

Balik (Turquie)

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

Balik (Turkiet)

Turkish

Balık

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Scientific name: Labrus bergylta

Řresund Aquarium, Denmark
(Photo: © Johnny Jensen)

Danish

Berggylt

Dutch

Gevlekte lipvis

English

Ballan wrasse, Berghilt

Finnish

Viherhuulikala

French

Vieille commune

German

Gefleckter Lippfisch

Greek

Chilóu (Papagállos)

Icelandic

 

Italian

Tordo marvizzo

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Berggylt

Polish

Wargacz kniazik

Portuguese

Bodiăo-reticulado

Russian

Радүжный гүбан

Serbo-Croat

Vrana atlantska

Spanish

Maragota

Swedish

Berggylta

Turkish

Kikla

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

Scientific name:
Herring caught in the Baltic Sea; in Scandinavia (Strömming) often marketed as block fillets or exported as Kronsardiner.
Term also used to designate a product; herring (not necessarily from the Baltic Sea) marinated in brine containing sugar to give a characteristic flavour. Cured in weak brine and fermented called Surströmming in Scandinavia.

Danish

Sild

Dutch

Oostzee haring

English

Baltic herring

Finnish

Silakka

French

Hareng 'de la Baltique'

German

Ostseehering

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

Aringa del baltico

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Strřmming

Polish

Sledź bałtycki

Portuguese

Arenque-do-báltico

Russian

Салака, Балтийская сельдь

Serbo-Croat

Baltička heringa

Spanish

Arenque del Baltico

Swedish

Strömming

Turkish

Baltık ringası

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

Scientific name:
Fish roasted or grilled over an open charcoal fire and served hot (e.g. Stecklerfisch, Bavarian speciality.)
Other term for Hot-Smoked Fish, particularly species so treated in U.S.A.: most important are salmon, sablefish, ling, cod, shad and sturgeon on the Pacific coast, whitefish in Great Lakes, and a variety of fish in tropical Africa, and eels in North Atlantic.

Danish

 

Dutch

Geroosterde vis

English

Barbecued fish

Finnish

Grillikala

French

Poisson sur barbecue

German

Gregrillter Fisch

Greek

Psari Psito

Icelandic

Glódarsteiktur fiskur

Italian

Pesco alla brace

Japanese

Yaki-zakana

Norwegian

Grillet fisk

Polish

Ryba opiekana na grillu

Portuguese

Peixe grelhado

Russian

Целиком зажаренная түшка рыбы

Serbo-Croat

Pečena riba, Riba s gradela

Spanish

Pescado asado

Swedish

Halstrad fisk, Grillad fisk

Turkish

Izgara balık

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

Scientific name: Pollicipes cornucopia

Danish

Rur

Dutch

Zeepok, Eendenmossel

English

Barnacle

Finnish

Merirokko

French

Bernicle, Balane

German

Seepocke

Greek

Stidóna

Icelandic

Hrúđurkari

Italian

Balano, Pico

Japanese

Fujitsubo

Norwegian

Rur

Polish

Pąkle

Portuguese

Craca, Perceve

Russian

Балянүс

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Bellota de mar, Percebe

Swedish

Rankfoting, Havstulpan

Turkish

Balanus

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

Scientific name: Thyrsites atun

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Snoek, Barracouta, Sea pike

Finnish

Käärmemakrilli, Kuta

French

Thyrsite, Escolier

German

Snoek

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

Okisawara, Ooshibi-kamasu, Barakuta

Norwegian

 

Polish

Atún

Portuguese

Senuca

Russian

Снэк, Барракүта

Serbo-Croat

Ljuskotrn

Spanish

Sierra

Swedish

Atunfisk

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Scientific name: Sphyraena sphyraena

Bakau Beach, Gambia (Sphyraena barracuda)
(Photo: © Johnny Jensen)

Danish

Barrakuda

Dutch

Barracuda

English

European barracuda, Barracuda, Sea pike, Giant pike

Finnish

Barrakuda

French

Bécune, Brisure

German

Pfeilhecht, Barracuda

Greek

Loútsos

Icelandic

 

Italian

Luccio marino, Barracuda

Japanese

Kamasu, Ôkamasu

Norwegian

Barrakuda

Polish

Barrakuda

Portuguese

Bicuda, Barracuda

Russian

Барракүдовые

Serbo-Croat

Barakuda škaram

Spanish

Barracuda, Espetón

Swedish

Europeisk barracuda, Barracuda, Pilgädda

Turkish

Iskarmoz

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

Scientific name: Lates calcarifer

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Barramundi, Giant perch

Finnish

 

French

Barramundi

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

Akame

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

Barramundi

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Scientific name: Cetorhinus maximus

Danish

Brugde

Dutch

Reuzenhaai

English

Basking shark, Homer

Finnish

Jättiläihai

French

Requin pélerin, Requin

German

Riesenhai

Greek

Skylópsaro

Icelandic

Beinhákari

Italian

Squalo elefante

Japanese

Ubazame, Bakazame, Tenguzame

Norwegian

Brugde

Polish

Długoszpar

Portuguese

Tubarâo-frade

Russian

Гигантские акүлы

Serbo-Croat

Psini golema

Spanish

Peregrino

Swedish

Brugd

Turkish

Büyük camgöz

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

Scientific name: Dicentrarchus labrax

Northsea Aquarium, Denmark
(Photos: © Johnny Jensen)

Danish

Bars

Dutch

Zeebaars

English

European seabass, Bass, Sea perch, White sea perch

Finnish

Meribassi

French

Bar commun

German

Wolfsbarsch, Seebarsch

Greek

Lavráki

Icelandic

Vartari

Italian

Spigola

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Havĺbor, Havabbor

Polish

Labraks

Portuguese

Robalo

Russian

Лаврак

Serbo-Croat

Lubin, Smudut

Spanish

Lubina

Swedish

Europeisk havsbass, Havsabborre

Turkish

Levrek

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

Scientific name: Paralichthys olivaceus
Name in Taiwan 皇帝魚

Danish

 

Dutch

Zomervogel

English

Bastard halibut, Hirame

Finnish

 

French

Cardeau hirame

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

Hirame, Tekkui

Norwegian

 

Polish

Poskarp

Portuguese

Falso-alabote-japonęs

Russian

Ложный палтүс, Азиатский паралихт

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Falso halibut del Japón

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Scientific name: Argopecten irradians

Danish

Kammusling

Dutch

Kamschelp, Kammossel

English

Bay scallop, Cape cod scallop

Finnish

Kampasimpukka

French

Pecten

German

Kamm-Muschel, Pilger-Muschel

Greek

Cténi

Icelandic

Hörpudiskur

Italian

Ventaglio

Japanese

Itayagai

Norwegian

Kamskjell

Polish

Przegrzebki

Portuguese

Vieira

Russian

Гребешок

Serbo-Croat

Kapica

Spanish

Vieira

Swedish

Kammussla

Turkish

Körfezde midye türü

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

Scientific name: Ziphiidae
Unimportant commercially.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Beaked whale

Finnish

Nokkavalas

French

Berardidé

German

Spitzchnauzen-Delphin

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

Zifio

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Nebbhval

Polish

 

Portuguese

Roaz

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Zifido

Swedish

Näbbval

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Scientific name:
Tortoise shell used for ornaments such as necklaces, pins, rings, pipes cases, combs, etc.
See also Shells.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Bekkô (Japan)

Finnish

 

French

Bekkô (Japan)

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

Bekkô

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

Bekkô (Japan)

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Scientific name: Huso huso
See also (Acipenseridae) Sturgeon.

Ural River Delta, Guriev, Kazakhstan
(Photos: © Johnny Jensen)

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Beluga

Finnish

Kitasampi, Beluga

French

Esturgeon beluga

German

Hausen

Greek

Mocuna

Icelandic

Mjaldur

Italian

Storione ladando

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

Bieługa

Portuguese

Esturjâo do Cáspio

Russian

Белуга

Serbo-Croat

Moruna

Spanish

Esturión

Swedish

Belugastör, Hus, Husen, Husblosstör

Turkish

Mersin morinasi

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Scientific name: Delphinapterus leucas
Used for oil production and for food for fur-bearing animals (Canada). Skin used for leather manufacture; source of the so-called Porpoise Leather.
See also Dolphin.

Danish

Hvidhval

Dutch

Beluga

English

Beluga whale

Finnish

Maitovalas

French

Dauphin blanc (beluga)

German

Weisswal

Greek

 

Icelandic

Mjaldur

Italian

Beluga

Japanese

Shiroiruka

Norwegian

Hvithval

Polish

 

Portuguese

Golfinho-branco-do árctico

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Ballena blanca

Swedish

Vitval, Belugaval

Turkish

Ak balina

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Scientific name:
Name used for Ballan wrasse. Also used for Redfish.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Berghilt

Finnish

 

French

 

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Scientific name:
Names used for special type of dried cod or dried ling, used for preparing 'Lutfisk' 'Lutefisk'

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Bernfisk (Norway, Sweden)

Finnish

 

French

Bernfisk (Norvčge, Sučde)

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Lutefisk

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

Lutfisk

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Scientific name: Polypterus bichir bichir

Danish

Birkir

Dutch

 

English

Bichir, Nile bichir

Finnish

Niilinhauki

French

Bichir

German

Flösselhecht

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

Wielopłetwiec a. miastuga

Portuguese

Peixe-manel

Russian

Нильский многопер, Бишир

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

Nilfengädda

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Scientific name: Priacanthus arenatus

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Bigeye, Atlantic bigeye, Catalufa, Common bigeye

Finnish

Suurisilmä

French

Beauclaire, Beauclaire de roche, Beauclaire soleil, Juif

German

Großaugenbarsch

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

Kintokidai, Beni-kintokidai

Norwegian

 

Polish

Latarnik karaibski

Portuguese

Fura-vasos-vulgar

Russian

Каталуфовые

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Alfonsón, Catalana, Catalucia, Catalufa

Swedish

 

Turkish

Camgöz

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Scientific name: Thunnus obesus

Danish

 

Dutch

Grootoogtonijin, Storje

English

Bigeye tuna, Bigeye tunny, Patudo, False albacore

Finnish

Isosilmätonnikala

French

Thon obése, Patudo, Thon aux grands yeux, Thon ventru

German

Grossaugenthun, Großaugenthun

Greek

Tónnos

Icelandic

 

Italian

Tonno obeso

Japanese

Mebachi, Mebuto

Norwegian

 

Polish

Opastun

Portuguese

Atum patudo, Albacora-ôlho-grande

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

Žutoperajni tunj

Spanish

Patudo

Swedish

Storögd tonfisk

Turkish

Irigözorkinoz baligi, Irigözton baligi

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Scientific name: Raja binoculata
See also Skate.

Danish

 

Dutch

Grote rog

English

Big skate

Finnish

 

French

Raie

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

Raja wielka

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Scientific name: Istiophoridae
The main species are....

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Billfish, Sailfish, Spearfish, Marlin

Finnish

 

French

Makaire, Marlin, Voilier

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Scientific name:
Mackerel, sardine or other small fish, brined, drained and packed in dry salt.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Binoro (Philippines)

Finnish

 

French

Binoro (Philippines)

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

Binoro  (Philippinerna)

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Scientific name:
Herring block fillets or whole herring, headed and gutted, cured in acidified brine usually in barrels or other containers; after finished curing packed with acidified brine of a lower vinegar and salt content, also with slices of onions, cucumbers, carrots and spices, also with sugar added.
Marketed semi-preserved.
See also Acid cured fish, Vinegar cured fish, Marinade, Rollmops.

Danish

Bismarck sild

Dutch

Bismarck haring

English

Bismark herring

Finnish

Suutarin lohi

French

Hareng bismark

German

Bismarckhering

Greek

 

Icelandic

Bismarksild

Italian

Aringhe alla bismarck

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Bismarksild

Polish

Śledź bismarck

Portuguese

Arenque ŕ Bismark

Russian

Сельдь Бисмарк

Serbo-Croat

Bizmark heringa

Spanish

 

Swedish

Bismarksill

Turkish

Bismark ringası

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Scientific name:
A pure or thick soup made from crustaceans; in France the term is confined to lobster and crayfish as basic material.

Danish

Bisque

Dutch

Bisque

English

Bisque

Finnish

Äyriäiskeitto

French

Bisque

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

Crema di crostacei

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

Sopa de mariscos

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

Skaldjurssoppa

Turkish

İstakoz corbası

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Scientific name: Micropterus dolomieui

Central America
(Photos: © Johnny Jensen)

Danish

Smĺmundet black bass, Smĺmundet řrredaborre

Dutch

Kleinbekbaars, Forelbaars-Zwartebaars

English

Smallmouth bass, Black bass, Small-mouth black bass

Finnish

Pikkubassi, Bassi

French

Black-bass ŕ petite bouche, Perche d'Amérique ŕ petite bouche, Perche noire

German

Schwarzbarsch, Kleinmäuliger Schwarzbarsch, Forellenbarsch

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

Persico trota

Japanese

Kokuchibasu

Norwegian

Lakseabbor, Svart lakseabbor

Polish

Bass

Portuguese

Achigă-boca-pequena

Russian

Форолевые окуны

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

Smĺmunnad bass, Svartabborre

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Scientific name:
Name used for Saithe (Pollachius virens). Name also used for Sablefish (Anoplopoma fimbria).

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Black cod

Finnish

 

French

 

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Scientific name: a) Atrobucca nibe b) Cheilotrema saturnum
Designates two species, both belonging to the family Sciaenidae.
See Croaker.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

a) Longfin kob, Black croaker

Finnish

 

French

a) Courbine noire a+b) Mamselle noire

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

a+b) Kuroguchi

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

a) Roncadeira-negra

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

b) Roncacho

Swedish

a) Lĺngfenad kobfisk

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Scientific name: Pogonias cromis
See also Drum.

Danish

Řrnefisk

Dutch

Ombervis

English

Black drum, Sea drum, Oyster drum, Oyster cracker, Drummer

Finnish

Rumpukala

French

Grand tambour

German

Adlerfisch

Greek

Kránios

Icelandic

 

Italian

Scienidi

Japanese

Guchi, Ishimochi, Nibe

Norwegian

 

Polish

Chroma

Portuguese

Corvinăo-negro, Corvina

Russian

Бородатый темный горбыль, Барабанщик

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Corbina, Corvinón negro

Swedish

Trumfisk, Havsgös

Turkish

Siyah tambur

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Scientific name: Makaira indica
This species might also be called Blue marlin in Japan.

Danish

Marlin

Dutch

Zwarte marliijn

English

Black marlin

Finnish

Mustamarliini

French

Makaire noir

German

Schwarzer Marlin, Marlin

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

Marlin nero, Pesce lancia

Japanese

Shirokawa, Shirokajiki, Kurokawa

Norwegian

Svart marlin

Polish

Makaira czarna

Portuguese

Espadim-negro, Espadim, Espadim-petro, Sombra-negra

Russian

Черный марлин

Serbo-Croat

Marlin

Spanish

Aguja negra, Marlin

Swedish

Svart marlin, Spjutfisk

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Scientific name: Galeus melastomus
See also Dogfish.

Danish

Ringhaj

Dutch

 

English

Blackmouth catshark, Black-mouthed dogfish

Finnish

Rengashai

French

Pristure ŕ bouche noire, Chien espagnol

German

Fleckhai

Greek

Galéos

Icelandic

 

Italian

Boccanegra

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Hĺgel

Polish

Piłogon

Portuguese

Leităo

Russian

Пятнистая (черноротая) акула

Serbo-Croat

Mačka padečka

Spanish

Golayo

Swedish

Hĺgäl

Turkish

Lekeli kedi baliği

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Scientific name: Allocyttus niger
The most common deepwater oreo dory fished commercially around New Zeeland.
See Oreo dory.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Black oreo, Black oreo dory

Finnish

 

French

Saint-Pierre

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

 

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

 

Swedish

Svart oreo

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Scientific name: Centropristis striata

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Black sea bass, Black seabass, Sea bass

Finnish

Kalliomeriahven

French

Fanfre noir d'amerique, Saint-Pierre

German

Schwarzer Zackenbarsch

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

Perchia striata

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Svart havabbor

Polish

Granki czarny

Portuguese

Serrano-estriado

Russian

Черный каменный окунь

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Serrano estriado

Swedish

Svart havsabborre

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Scientific name: Spondyliosoma cantharus

Danish

Havrude

Dutch

Zeekarper

English

Black seabream, Old wife, Sea bream

Finnish

Meriruutana

French

Griset

German

Streifenbrasse

Greek

Skathári

Icelandic

 

Italian

Tanuta

Japanese

Kurodai

Norwegian

Havkaruss

Polish

Kantar

Portuguese

Choupa

Russian

Карась-многозуб кантарус

Serbo-Croat

Kantar

Spanish

Chopa

Swedish

Havsruda

Turkish

Sarigöz

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Scientific name:
A general term for dark-coloured deepwater species of the family Squalidae.
See Dogfish and Shark.

Danish

 

Dutch

 

English

Black shark

Finnish

 

French

Squale liche

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

 

Japanese

Yumezame

Norwegian

 

Polish

Koleń czarny

Portuguese

Esqualideos

Russian

Черная акула

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Carocho

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Scientific name: Pagellus bogaraveo
See also Sea bream.

Danish

Blankesten

Dutch

Spaanse brasem, Zeebrasem

English

Blackspot seabream, Red sea bream, Common sea bream

Finnish

 

French

Pageot rose

German

 

Greek

Lethrini

Icelandic

 

Italian

Rovello

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Pagell

Polish

Moriesz bogar

Portuguese

Goraz

Russian

Красноперый пагель

Serbo-Croat

Rumenac okan

Spanish

Bogarrabella, Goraz

Swedish

Fläckpagell

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Scientific name: Carcharhinus limbatus
See also Requiem shark.

Danish

 

Dutch

Zwartpunthaai

English

Blacktip shark, Spotfin shark, Black-tip shark, Spot-fin ground shark

Finnish

Mustapilkkahai

French

Requin borde, Mangeur d'hommes, Requin blanc

German

Blauhai, Kleiner Atlantischer Schwarzspitzenhai

Greek

Karcharynos melanoakros

Icelandic

 

Italian

Squalo pinne nere, Squalo orlato

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

Zarłacz czarnopłetwy

Portuguese

Tubarăo de pontas negras, Marracho-de-pontas-negras

Russian

(Малая) черноперая акула

Serbo-Croat

Psina ljudozer

Spanish

Cazón, Tiburón, Tiburón de aletas negras, Tiburón machado, Tiburón macuira, Tollo

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Scientific name: Alburnus alburnus

Silkeborg, Denmark
(Photos: © Johnny Jensen)

Danish

Lřje, Milling

Dutch

Alver

English

Bleak

Finnish

Salakka

French

Ablette, Ablé, Blanchet, Mirandelle

German

Ukelei, Laube, Lang-Bleck

Greek

Tsironi sirko

Icelandic

 

Italian

Alborella

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Laue, Lřye

Polish

Ukleja

Portuguese

Alburno, Ruivaca

Russian

Уклейка

Serbo-Croat

Ukljeva, Plasica, Uklija

Spanish

Albur, Alburno

Swedish

Löja, Benlöja

Turkish

Inci balığı

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Scientific name:
Large fat salted herring, generally whole ungutted, hot-smoked to get a straw colour (cold-smoked in U.K.).

Danish

 

Dutch

Warmgerookkte gezouten haring

English

Bloater

Finnish

Savusteyyu rasvasilli

French

Craquelot ou bouffi

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

Aringa grassa preparata

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Bloater

Polish

Śledż węzdzony na zimno

Portuguese

Arenque gordo preparado

Russian

Копченая сельдь

Serbo-Croat

Blouter

Spanish

 

Swedish

Varmrökt böckling

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Scientific name:
Fish paste containing groundmeat from Bloater, made from mildly smoked salted herring or red herring, as principal constituent.

Danish

 

Dutch

Bokkingpastei

English

Bloater paste

Finnish

Savusillitahna

French

Pâte de hareng

German

 

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

Pasta d'aringa grassa

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

Pasta śledziowa wedzona

Portuguese

Pasta de arenque fumado

Russian

Паста из копченой рыбы

Serbo-Croat

Blouter pasta

Spanish

Pasta de arenque ahumado

Swedish

Böcklingpastej

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Scientific name:
Herring salted for subsequent smoking as Bloater.

Danish

 

Dutch

Steurharing

English

Bloater stock

Finnish

Suolattu silli

French

Hareng braillé

German

Katjespackung

Greek

 

Icelandic

 

Italian

Presalaggio

Japanese

 

Norwegian

 

Polish

 

Portuguese

Arenque salgado

Russian

Мороженные блоки рыбы

Serbo-Croat

 

Spanish

Salado a bordo

Swedish

 

Turkish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Scientific name:
Frozen fish fillet blocks are rectangularly shaped masses of cohering fish fillets or fillet pieces or both. Frozen minced fish blocks are rectangularly shaped masses of minced fish flesh. Minced fish flesh is mechanically separated fish flesh.
Laminated fish blocks are rectangularly shaped masses of a mixture of cohering fish fillets, fillets pieces and minced fish flesh. Laminated blocks usually contain between 10% and 25% minced fish flesh.
Standard size block is 7,4 kg. Some blocks may contain flesh from more than one species. Used in the manufacture of Fish sticks or fingers, and Fish portions, Formed fillets, or Fish nuggets (see also Fillet).

Danish

Blockfrossen

Dutch

 

English

Blocks (frozen)

Finnish

 

French

Blocs (congelés)

German

Blocs, Tafeln (gefroren)

Greek

 

Icelandic

Blokk

Italian

 

Japanese

 

Norwegian

Blokker

Polish

Bloki mrożone

Portuguese

Blocos de peixe congelado

Russian

 

Serbo-Croat

Blok

Spanish

Bloques congelados

Swedish

Fiskblock (frysta)

Turkish